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Toronto International Antiquarian Book Fair

Catalogue 2011 

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1. [Caucasus, Photograph Album]

Al'bom Vidov Voenno-Gruzinskoi Dorogi, Fotographiia Bratiev Rudnevikh v gorode Vladikavkaze [Album of the Views of the Georgian Military Road, by the Rudnevy Brothers' Photography in Vladikavkaz].

Vladikavkaz: Skoropechatnia Z. Shuvalova, [ca. 1870]. First Edition. Oblong Quarto. 10 leaves. Twenty mounted photographs (the last photograph mounted on verso of the rear endpaper). Title page and text to the photographs chromolithographed in gold. Original publisher's brown gilt cloth. Covers and gilt faded. Some of the photographs mildly faded but generally strong images. A very good album.

Very rare imprint as no copies found in Worldcat nor in Russian National and Russian State Libraries. The album was issued by Rudnev Brothers, prominent Vladikavkaz photographers (located on the Alexandrovsky prospect) who participated in the 1872 Russian Polytechnic Fair. It was a major (about 750 000 visitors) exhibition of industrial, agricultural, military, scientific, technological and cultural achievements of the Russian Empire, held in Moscow and dedicated to the bicentennial anniversary of the birth of Peter I).

The album contains early important images of the Russian advanced post in the Northern Caucasus; Vladikavkaz, and the Georgian Military road – a major route through the Caucasus Mountains from Russia to Georgia. The strong images include views of Vladikavkaz streets and buildings, bridges over the Terek, Stolovaya Mountain, the Darial Gorge, Kazbek Mountain with its glaciers, gorges, bridges and the monastery; local Ossetians dancing, riding horses etc.

Known since antiquity (it was mentioned by Strabo in his Geographica and by Pliny), the Georgian Military Road was expanded by the Russian military starting in 1799. After the Kingdom of Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1801, Tsar Alexander I ordered General Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov, commander-in-chief of Russian forces in the Caucasus to improve the surfacing of the road to facilitate troop movement and communications. When Yermolov announced the completion of the work in 1817, the highway was heralded as the "Russian Simplon". However, work continued until 1863. By this stage it had cost £4,000,000 (a staggering sum in the 1860s) but according to Bryce, in 1876, was of a high quality with two or three lanes and "iron bridges over the torrents", something he considered astonishing given that within Russia proper at this time decent roads were virtually non-existent.

The importance of the Georgian Military Highway as a through route has diminished in recent years, mainly because of delays at the border crossing between Russia and Georgia, and even, on occasions, the complete closure of that border post (Wikipedia).


2. [Baegert] , [Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)

Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat [News from the American Peninsula California..,].

Mannheim: Churfürstl.Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi] , 358 pp.With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with speckled papered boards and a red gilt morocco label. Title with faint traces of library markings, otherwise a very good copy.

"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives"(Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.


3. [Boer War, Natal Photograph Album]

[Boer War – Natal Photograph Album with 73 Photographs].

1899-1904. Oblong Quarto. 24 leaves. Most photographs 14 x 20 cm (5.5 x 8 inches) many with captions. Period maroon gilt tooled half morocco with brown pebbled cloth boards. A very good photo album.

The strong images of this album mainly show Boer War images including panoramas of: the Battle of Colenso, the Battle of Spion Kop, the Battle of Pieters, the Battle of Krantz Kloof, the Battle of Monte Christo; also with images of Ladysmith, Tugela Falls, Drakensberg and snapshots of British military life.

"The nadir of Black Week was the Battle of Colenso on 15 December [1899] where 21,000 British troops commanded by Buller himself, attempted to cross the Tugela River to relieve Ladysmith where 8,000 Transvaal Boers, under the command of Louis Botha, were awaiting them. Through a combination of artillery and accurate rifle fire, and a better use of the ground, the Boers repelled all British attempts to cross the river. After his first attacks failed, Buller broke off the battle and ordered a retreat, abandoning many wounded men, several isolated units and ten field guns to be captured by Botha's men.., The British government took these defeats badly and with the sieges still continuing was compelled to send two more divisions plus large numbers of colonial volunteers. By January 1900 this would become the largest force Britain had ever sent overseas, amounting to some 180,000 men with further reinforcements being sought.

While waiting for these reinforcements, Buller made another bid to relieve Ladysmith by crossing the Tugela west of Colenso. Buller's subordinate, Major General Charles Warren, successfully crossed the river, but was then faced with a fresh defensive position centered on a prominent hill known as Spion Kop. In the resulting Battle of Spion Kop, British troops captured the summit by surprise during the early hours of 24 January 1900, but as the early morning fog lifted they realized too late that they were overlooked by Boer gun emplacements on the surrounding hills. The rest of the day resulted in a disaster caused by poor communication between Buller and his commanders. Between them they issued contradictory orders, on the one hand ordering men off the hill, while other officers ordered fresh reinforcements to defend it. The result was 350 men killed and nearly 1,000 wounded and a retreat back across the Tugela River into British territory" (Wikipedia).


4. [Harar, Ethiopia Photograph Album]

[Album of 23 Original Photographs of Eastern Ethiopia from Dire Dawa to Harar by Unidentified Photographer but most Likely the British Consul in Harar].

ca. 1910. Oblong Quarto. 28 leaves. With 23 silver print photographs, each approx. 9 x 14 cm (3.5 x 5.5 inches). Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth boards. A very good album

The strong images of this album show Eastern Ethiopia from Dire Dawa to Harar and include the "Head of the Pass to Dire Dawa, "Lake Haramaya," "A Road" [to Harar], "Huts," camels and herders, and eighteen views of Harar including panoramas, "town from N.E., "West Gate," market scenes, British official on horseback (Consul?), sporting a pith helmet and uniform (likely the compiler of the album) and "Consular Hut from West." "Harar lost some of its commercial importance with the creation of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway, initially intended to run via the city but diverted north of the mountains between Harar and the Awash River to save money. As a result of this, Dire Dawa was founded in 1902 as New Harar" (Wikipedia).This is a rare early and interesting photo documentation of the until about 1875 "Forbidden City" of Harar.


5. [Hawaii, Photograph Album with 52 Photographs ]

(Possibly from the Estate of Frederick August Schaefer (d. 1920)).

[Hawaii]: Unidentified photographer, 1880's. 26 leaves. Oblong Folio (35,5 x 28,5 cm; or 11¼ x 14 inches) with 52 photographs (recto & verso of each leaf has an affixed image). Each image is ca. 23x16 cm, with caption underneath; text in German. Handsome period black full sheep, with decorative gilt perimeter borders and geometric design stamped on boards; gilt tooled spine with raised bands; red speckled edges. Binding with some minor wear & scrapes. Mounting leaves with occasional foxing & browning. While a few photographs are somewhat dull & a bit faded, the bulk is generally sharp & distinct. Overall a very good album.

This excellent album starts with portraits of the Hawaiian royal family and contains an impressive collection of views of five Hawaiian Islands: Hawaii, Oahu, Maui, Kauai, & Molokai.

The historical center of Honolulu is represented by views of Iolani Palace (the regal palace built by King David Kalakaua in 1882); Ali'iolani Hale (the first major government building constructed by the Hawaiian monarchy in 1874, today the Hawaiian Supreme Court); Keoua Hale (the palace of Princess Ruth Ke'elikolani built in 1883, today Central Middle School in Honolulu); a mansion and a store of Frederick August Schaefer (d. 1920) a major sugar industrialist in Hawaii at the time; Queen's Hospital and its wonderful garden; Nu'uanu Avenue and the hotel; Honolulu harbour and Diamond Head etc.

There are interesting views of Wailuku town of Maui Island; a leprosy settlement in Kalaupapa (Molokai) founded by a Belgian priest Father Damien de Veuster; panoramas of Hanalei River and Hanapepe Falls in Kauai; views of Hilo Bay, the monument to James Cook erected at the place of his death at Kealakekua Bay, and Pu'ukohola Heiau - the ancient site of sacrifices to gods, all on Hawaii (Big) island. Other images show spectacular scenes of hula dance performances and hula musicians; local fishermen, members of native military orchestra, pineapple fields, typical Hawaiian grass house etc.

Of particular interest are the photographs of numerous examples of the volcanic activity in the Islands in the 1880`s: craters, scenes of eruption and lava flow of Haleakala (Maui island); Mauna Loa, Kilauea, and Halemaumau volcanoes (Hawaii island). The caption of one of the pictures notes that it had been taken eight hours after the eruption.

German Captions of Images:

1. Königliche Familie

2. Palast

3. Regierungs-Gebäude [Government Buildings]

4. Queen's Hospital

5. Oahu Gefängniss [Oahu Prison]

6. Hotel

7. Store der Herren F.A. Schäfer & Co

8. Honolulu

9. Honolulu Hafen [Port]

10. Nuuanu Strasse

11. Nuuanu Strasse

12. Gruppe von Königs-Palmen im Hospital-Garten

13. Gruppe von Dattel-Palmen im Hospital-Garten

14. Diamond Head

15. Cocos-Palmen in Waikiki

16. Die Pali

17. Kapena Wasser-Fälle

18. Scenerie bei der 1 Meile Brücke [1 Mile Bridge]

19. Ananas-Feld

20. Grass-Haus

21. Fischende Eingeborene [Native Fishing]

22. Militär-Kapelle

23. Eingeborene zu Pferde

24. Hula-Hula Tänze

25. Hula-Hula Tänze

26. Hula-Hula Tänze

27. Hula-Hula Muzikanten

28. Wohnung der Princessin Ruth [Apartment]

29. Wohnung des Herrn F.A. Schäfer

30. Crater Haleakala auf der Insel Maui

31. Wailuku Thal auf Maui

32. Leper Dorf auf Molokaie

33. Hanalei Thal auf Kauai

34. Hanapepe Fälle auf Kauai

35. Rainbow Fälle auf Hawaii

36. Hilo, Hawaii

37. Coconuts Insel bei Hilo

38. Vulkanischer Ausbruch 1881 [Eruption]

39. Vulkanischer Ausbruch 1881 8 Stunden später [8 hours later]

40. Alter Opfer-Platz bei Kawaihae [Sacrifice Place]

41. Weg zum Crater

42. Schwesel Ablagerungen [Sulphur deposits]

43. Farren-Kräuter Schlucht beim Crater [Ferns, Gorge at Crater]

44. Heiser See in Puna

45. Vogel Schau vom Crater [Bird's eye view of Crater]

46. Kilauea Crater

47. Erdbeben 1887 = Crater Scene

48. Halemaumau in 1888

49. Lava-Strom in 1887 [lava flow]

50. Onomea, Hawaii

51. Onomea Landing, Hawaii

52. Capt. Cook's Denkmal [memorial]

" Frederick August Schaefer , (August 19, 1836 - March 11, 1920) Industrial Builder. To the energy and business ability of the late Frederick August Schaefer, pioneer merchant and distinguished consular representative of foreign governments, the firm of F.A. Schaefer & Co., Ltd., sugar factors and business agents, owes its existence. His death, on March 11, 1920, removed one of the most prominent and widely known citizens of Hawaii, a leader in the commercial development of the islands and the founder of a family which continues its residence in the Territory.

Mr. Schaefer came to Hawaii in November, 1857, from Bremen, Germany. On the brig 'Antilla,' he made a six months' journey around Cape Horn to reach Honolulu, where he came to take a position as clerk with Melchers & Co., commission merchants, importers and owners of whaling ships. Ten years after his arrival in Hawaii, Mr. Schaefer took over the business of Melchers & Co., establishing the firm of F. A. Schaefer & Co., July 1, 1867. He later became identified with the sugar industry, then in its infancy, was the organizer of Honokaa Sugar Co. and Pacific Sugar Mill, on the island of Hawaii, becoming first president of the company on May 10, 1878, and continuing in that office for 40 years, until he retired Feb. 20, 1918.

For many years Mr. Schaefer was dean of the consular corps in Hawaii, having been appointed to represent Italy in 1869, his service continuing until 1915, and from 1894 to 1914 he was acting consul for Austria-Hungary. He was decorated by the rulers of Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary, and, long a close associate of Hawaiian royalty, was decorated with the Order of Kamehameha (Knight Commander) and the Order of the Crown of Hawaii (Grand Officer) by King Kalakaua.

During a long period Mr. Schaefer was prominent in semi-public life. He served as trustee of The Queen's Hospital from 1867 to 1907. For 27 years he was president of the Hawaiian Board of Fire Underwriters, acted also as president of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, was a trustee of the Honolulu Sailors' Home Society, and served as president of the Chamber of Commerce. He was a prominent Mason, and held office as treasurer of Hawaiian Lodge, No. 21.

Born in Bremen, Germany, Aug. 19, 1836, Mr. Schaefer was the son of John Wilhelm and Sophie (Brandes) Schaefer. His father was professor and rector of the Commercial School of Bremen. Mr. Schaefer was educated in Germany. Mr. Schaefer married Elizabeth Robertson, daughter of the late Justice George M. Robertson, in Honolulu, April 29, 1879. They were the parents of seven children, Mrs. Irmgard Elgin, Mrs. J. W. Waldron, Mrs. Alfred L.Castle, G. E. Schaefer, C. T. Schaefer, Mrs. Pauline Strode and Frederick August Schaefer, Jr. He is survived by his widow and children" ( Source: The Story of Hawaii and Its Builders. Published by The Honolulu Star Bulletin, Territory of Hawaii, 1925, Edited by George F. Nellist ).


6. [Hawaii], Dobell , Petr Vasil'evich (1775-1852)

Puteshestviia i Noveishiia Nabliudeniia v Kitae, Manille i Indo-Kitaiskom Arkhipelage [Journeys and Latest Observations in China, Manila and the Indo-China Archipelago].

Saint Petersburg: N. Grech, 1833. First Russian Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [2], xxxvi, 237, [1 - errata]; [2], vii, 272 pp. With two lithographed frontispieces. Handsome period style brown speckled full sheep with red and green gilt lettered labels, gilt tooled spines and housed in a custom made brown slip case. A very good set.

Very Rare Important account of Dobell's adventures in China, Kamchatka, the Philippines, South-East Asia and Hawaii of which only five copies are found in Worldcat. The Russian edition has significant additional information not in the English edition "Travels in Kamtchatka and Siberia (London, 1830)" and includes seven supplements; in particular a description of Hawaii and a letter by the Hawaiian King Kamehameha II to the Russian Emperor Alexander I.

The author describes Macao, Canton, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Borneo, Formosa, the Philippines (in particular Manila and the Island of Luzon) and Hawaii. Also described is the riot against foreigners in Manila in which many European settlers were killed and all of Dobell's possessions were destroyed. Supplements also include descriptions of the wedding ceremonies in the South of China (from writings of Henry Mattheu Clark) and in Peking (Russian traveller Leontievsky); descriptions of Manila, the Chinese army, and a small Chinese-Russian dictionary (with Cantonese and Peking pronunciation variants) etc.

The "Hawaiian" part is particularly interesting. Apart from the description of the islands which Dobell visited in 1820, it retells the conversation between Dobell and Hawaiian King Kamehameha II, when the latter asked Dobell's advice about what religion to choose as paganism had been abolished. The king also asked for Dobell's support in his struggle with the local princes' claims for independence. The supporting speech of Dobell in front of the Hawaiian court is quite remarkable. But the most interesting is by far the account of the letter of Kamehameha II to the Russian Emperor Alexander I. The king complained about the Russian-American Company which claimed that it had bought some islands from the local chiefs; he also asked for Alexander's support in his struggle for power. Russian and French texts of the letter can be found in the supplement to the 2nd volume. As Dobell noted, " I'm pretty sure that if then the Russian-American Company decided to send people to settle on these islands, together with a priest of the Greek faith, they would gain a complete influence over people and the king and would have the whole trade of that land in their hands."

Peter Dobell was an intrepid adventurer and lived a truly exciting life. Born in Ireland and educated in Philadelphia, he travelled for 30 years, especially in South-East Asia and China where he went three times and lived for seven years. While in Canton Dobell met the Russian explorer Ivan Krusenstern who was on his famous circumnavigation. Dobell was able to help the Russian expedition for which Emperor Alexander I sent him a diamond ring. This was probably one of the reasons why Dobell ultimately became a Russian citizen. Prompted by the idea of organising the regular supply of provisions to Kamchatka, in 1812 he sent two ships there from Manila on his own cost. Dobell also visited Kamchatka and then travelled to Saint Petersburg through Siberia. It was the diary of that travel which was first published in Saint Petersburg magazine "Syn Otechestva" in 1815-1816 and later in London (1830).

In 1818 Alexander I approved Dobell's plan and appointed him Consul General of Russia's first mission in Manila. However the Spanish government refused to accept Dobell, but promised to support him as a private person. The adventurer returned to Kamchatka and obtained the title of the 2nd Guild merchant. He tried to start trade between Kamchatka and Manila several times but always unsuccessfully which resulted in great financial losses. His main competition was the Russian-American company which lobbied its interests in the Pacific and didn't allow foreign traders to come to the ports of the Eastern Siberia. Moreover, Dobell's property in Manila was destroyed during the riots, and he, almost ruined, returned to Saint Petersburg in 1828. In spite of everything, he didn't lose his courage and continued the life of traveller and thrill seeker (Russian Biographical Dictionary on-line); Cordier Sinica 2109; "The letter from Rihoriho (Kamehameha II) to the Tsar, dated March 25, 1820, is found on pages 260-263" (Forbes 836); Howgego 1800-1850, C39.


7. [Peron] , [Francois] (1775-1810) &

Freycinet , Louis-Henri de Saulces, baron de (1777-1840)]

Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres Australes, execute par ordre de Sa Majeste l'Empereur et Roi, sur les corvettes le Geographe, le Naturaliste, et la goelette le Casuarin, pendant les annees 1800, 1801, 1802,1803 et 1804. Atlas Historique only, [by Leseur et Petit]. [Voyage of Discovery to Terra Australis, executed by order of His Majesty the Emperor and King, on the corvettes Geographe, the Naturalist, and the schooner the Casuarina during the years 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803 and 1804].

Paris: Chez Arthus Bertrand, 1824. Second Edition. Folio. [x] pp. With an engraved title with vignette, a double-page engraved map of Australia, eight other engraved maps and charts and fifty-nine engraved plates, including two double-page, and twenty-seven hand-colored. Period maroon gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with marbled boards. Extremities with some wear, a couple of plates with repaired minor tears, otherwise a very good copy.

"In 1800 an expedition organized by the Institute of France and placed under the command of Nicolas Baudin sailed for the South Seas. Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, "where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide New Holland into two large and almost equal islands." The maps and charts [were] prepared by Freycinet, who continued the publication after the death of Peron.., Peron the naturalist on this voyage, was able to prepare a huge zoological collection that was known for years for its excellence" (Hill 1329 (First Edition).

This very scarce second edition was prepared by Freycinet after he returned from his own expedition to the Pacific between 1817 and 1820. It is not generally known that the 1824 second edition of the 'Partie Historique' contains some significant changes and additions to the first edition. The maps and charts of the first edition atlas, which bore the nationalistic and ambitious name of Terre Napoleon and included imperial French names for many parts of the coast, were omitted or greatly altered for the second edition atlas. This atlas also includes twenty-five new plates, many of which are coloured. Freycinet's alterations to the second edition reflect the political reality of the times and finally recognize the just claims of the English navigators, in particular Matthew Flinders, to the discovery of the Australian coast. Copies of the second edition of the 'Partie Historique' appear to be rarer, copy for copy, than the first edition and are prized accordingly" (Wantrup p. 157-9); Ferguson 979. "In 1800 [Peron] was engaged by Nicolas Thomas Baudin as 'trainee zoologist charged with comparative anatomy' for Baudin's exploratory voyage to the southern and western coasts of Australia" (Howgego 1800-1850, P21).


8. [Rhodesia / Zimbabwe / Zambia / Victoria Falls , Photograph Album with 46 Photographs].

[Victoria Falls]: Unidentified photographer, [ca. 1905]. Oblong Large Octavo. Twenty-three Leaves. Oblong octavo (16.5x22.5 cm) with 46 original silver print photographs (each ca. 12x17 cm), with manuscript captions on the mounts. Period mauve cloth covers, neatly rebacked. Period presentation description on verso of the front cover: "To Dear (?) Old George." Covers slightly soiled and faded, margins slightly browned, otherwise a very good album.

A very interesting album depicting British colonial rule in Zimbabwe and Zambia, (Southern and North-Western Rhodesia). The album is from first decade of the 20th century, when the brutal First and Second Matabele Wars (1893-94 and 1896-97) had finished and the region started to experience a quick development of the tourist industry. However, the memory of the wars still existed and thus one of the photographs included is "Indaba tree under which Lobengula rendered barbaric justice" (Lobengula Khumalo (1845-1894) was the second and last king of the Ndebele people; his death during the First Matabele war resulted in the destruction of the Ndebele kingdom and its conquest by the British South Africa Company).

The album consists of artistic views of the natural wonders and exact observations of Rhodesian life at the time, and comprises a highly interesting collection. The strong photographs show views of the Victoria Falls, including those of Livingston island, Devil's Cataract, the Main Fall, local boaters waiting to take passengers across Zambezi River, "The Zambezian Regatta Course" and several views of the Victoria Bridge from different positions (including a view of the unfinished bridge which was under construction in 1904-5). As the owner of the album mentioned a hotel where some pictures had been taken (‘Beautiful view taken in front of the Hotel,' ‘View taken in the front of the Hotel showing spray & bridge'), it's logically to presume that the town Victoria Falls (northern Zimbabwe) was meant. The town lies on the southern bank of the Zambezi River at the western end of the Victoria Falls; it became a major tourist centre after the Victoria Bridge had been opened in April 1905 (Wikipedia).

Another group of pictures include detailed views of Bulawayo, an important centre of British Southern Rhodesia: Government House, Market Hall, Main Street, Grand Hotel, public library, Memorial Hospital, the Rhodesian Club and others. Bulawayo, a former capital of the Ndebele kingdom, severely destroyed during the First Matabele War and which had survived a siege during the Second war, was rebuilt and populated with colonial settlers very quickly, thanks to numerous goldfields in its vicinity.

There are also interesting views of the ruins of Khami, a capital of the ancient African Kingdom of Butua, located 22 km west of Bulawayo. Khami (UNESCO Heritage Site since 1986) was the capital of the Torwa dynasty for about 200 years from around 1450 and appears to have been founded at the time of the disappearance of the civilization at Great Zimbabwe (Wikipedia).

Moreover, there are great views of the memorial to the Shengani Patrol and the grave of Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902), the founder of Rhodesia, situated on so called ‘World's View' in the Matobo National Park (Zimbabwe). The Shangani Patrol was a group of white Rhodesian pioneer police officers killed in battle on the Shangani River in Matabeleland in 1893. The incident achieved a lasting, prominent place in Rhodesian colonial history. The Shangani Patrol became a part of the mythology of white conquest, with its leaders Allan Wilson and Henry Borrow hailed as national heroes. A memorial to the Patrol was erected at the request of Cecil Rhodes in 1905 on the Matobo Hills, a sacred place for local tribes. Designed by John Tweed, it is an austere, oblong monument, 33 feet (10 m) high and made of granite blocks hewn from the neighboring kopje, with a panel on each of the four sides depicting the members of the patrol in bas relief. Rhodes's grave is located nearby. One of the photographs shows workers, leaving the monument after unveiling it.

‘Zambia' views include pictures of the Kafue Bridge, which was built over the Kafue River in what is now Zambia in 1906. It is a steel girder truss bridge of 13 spans each of 33 metres (108 ft) supported on concrete piers. The bridge was built for the Mashonaland Railways, which later merged into Rhodesian Railways and operated the line from 1927. With a length of 427 metres (1,401 ft) the Kafue Railway Bridge was the longest bridge in the Rhodesian Railways network.


9. [South Africa-Transvaal Photograph Album]

[South Africa & Transvaal Photograph Album with 56 Photographs, two loose].

ca. 1892. Quarto. 36 leaves. Most photographs 20 x 15 cm (8 x 6 inches) with captions. Period black gilt tooled half morocco with brown pebbled cloth boards. A very good photo album.

The strong images of this album show images South Africa and the Transvaal including: Near Krugersdorp, Near Hatherley & Hatherley Distillery, near Pretoria, Lydenburg, Paard Kraal, Krugersdorp, Johannesbury (Market Buildings, Natal Bank, Grand National Hotel, Palace Buildings, Market Place, Wanderers' Club, Post Office, Club Buildings) and President Paul Kruger and his wife.

"Beginning during 1885, the discovery of a tremendous lode of gold in the Witwatersrand caused the immigration of many foreigners (uitlanders) to the Transvaal. The economy of the Transvaal soon boomed. The wealth of the Transvaal state was bound to overcome the British-controlled, Boer-dominated Cape Colony, and it was speculated the Boers might eject the British from power in the region. Furthermore, the longer this new source of gold remained out of British control, the position of London as the main market of the world's gold trade was threatened. Using the ZAR refusal to grant Uitlander franchise as a pretext, the British therefore planned annexation of Transvaal, as a continuation of their seizure years prior of the former Orange Free State and the immense diamond fields of Kimberley therein. During 1895 foreign mine owners funded an attempted coup d'état known as The Jameson Raid. The financiers of the Raid were dissatisfied with the Boer's taxation and restrictions of business. The raid caused alarm among the Boers and resulted in massive armament, mainly from German suppliers" (Wikipedia).


10. [Uganda Railway, Photograph Album]

[Photograph Album of 48 Original Photographs of the Uganda Railway from Mombassa to Port Florence on the Kavirondo (Winam) Gulf with Photographs by William D. Young , Photographer, Mombasa and mostly from the property (suggested by accompanying manuscript material) by Harry Augustus Frederick Currie (1866-1912) who was appointed the Uganda Railway Manager in 1903. [With] Eighteen British Parliamentary Papers About the Building of the Uganda Railway 1893-1905. [With] seven pages of manuscript notes relating to the life of Harry Augustus Frederick Currie and four pages of copied text and photos with manuscript notes].

1893-1905. Album: Oblong Quarto. Album: 24 leaves. Album with 48 original photographs ca, 16 x 21cm (6.5 x 8 inches). Period black gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth boards with the title "Photographs" gilt tooled on the front cover. A very good album. The British Parliamentary Papers generally in fine condition and housed in a custom box with paper label.

The strong images of the album contain images including: Ruins of Vasco da Gama Fort - Entrance to Mombasa Harbour, Panorama of Mombasa from English Point, Mombasa from the Fort, H.M. Customs and Landing Stages, Mombasa, Vasco da Gama Street Mombasa, Mombasa Hospital from the Fort, Kilindini Harbour, Kikuyu Escarpment, construction of railway, Kedong River, Lake Elmenteita, Mau Escarpment, Londiani River, Londiani, Kedowa, Kibigori, Muhoroni, Stanley River, Kavirondo Gulf, and various native group photos. "The Uganda Railway was built by the British Empire under the Foreign Office at the start of the period when Britain maintained colonial control of the region as British East Africa. Construction of the line started at the port city of Mombasa in the Kenya Colony in 1896 and reached Kisumu, on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, in 1901. By 1931 it was extended to Kampala in the Uganda Protectorate. Although almost all of the rail line was actually in the colony that would come to be known as Kenya, the original purpose of the project was to provide a modern transport link to carry raw materials out of, and manufactured British goods into, the Uganda Protectorate" (Wikipedia).

"William D. Young, who also worked as official photographer for the Ugandan railways, documenting the construction of the Mombasa-Kampala line, founded the famous Dempster Studio in Mombasa (with a branch in Nairobi in 1905)" (arts.jrank.org).

The British Parliamentary Papers include:

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT ON THE MOMBASA VICTORIA LAKE RAILWAY SURVEY. London: Houses of Parliament, 1893. 124 pp. Folio. Rebound in card covers. Seven large folding maps. British Parliamentary Paper. C7025. Much information on tribes along route. Chapter on slave trade in the region. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO CONSIDER THE QUESTION OF RAILWAY COMMUNICATION WITH UGANDA. London: Houses of Parliament, 1895. 7 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 8 (1895). C7833. A clean copy.

REPORT ON THE PROGRESS OF THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY, 1897-98. London: Houses of Parliament, 1898. 5 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Folding map . Library mark on cover. British Parliamentary Paper. Africa No 8 (1898). C8942.

REPORT BY THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY COMMITTEE ON THE PROGRESS OF THE WORKS, 1898-99. London: HMSO, 1899. 18 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Large folding map. Neat library mark on reverse of title page. British Parliamentary Paper. Africa No 6 (1899). C9333.

FOREIGN OFFICE. MEMORANDA RELATING TO UGANDA RAILWAY. 1900. London: Houses of Parliament, 1900. 9 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 4 (1900). Cd97. History of works & costs. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT BY THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY COMMITTEE ON THE PROGRESS OF THE WORKS, 1899-1900. London: Houses of Parliament, 1900. 13pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Neat library mark on cover. Large folding map. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 7 (1900). Cd355.

FOREIGN OFFICE. CORRESPONDENCE RESPECTING THE UGANDA RAILWAY. London: HMSO, 1901. 67 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British Parliamentary Paper Africa No 6(1901). Cd670. Neat library mark on reverse of title page. Includes a comprehensive report on the Railway by Col Gracey.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT BY THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY COMMITTEE ON THE PROGRESS OF THE WORKS, 1900-1901. London: HMSO, 1901. 12 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Large folding map. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 8 (1901). Cd674. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT BY THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY COMMITTEE ON THE PROGRESS OF THE WORKS, 1901-1902. London: Houses of Parliament, 1902. 15 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Two large folding maps. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 4 (1902). Cd1080. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE.. MEMORANDA RELATING TO UGANDA RAILWAY. 1902. London: Houses of Parliament, 1902. 11 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 5 (1902). Cd1082. A clean copy.

LYNE. R. N. REPORT ON THE AGRICULTURAL POSPECTS OF THE PLATEAUX OF THE UGANDA RAILWAY. London: Houses of Parliament, 1902. 11 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Foreign Office Diplomatic and Consular reports. Misc Series No 577. A clean copy.

A BILL to provide further MONEY for the UGANDA RAILWAY. London: HMSO, 1902. 2 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Disbound British Parliamentary Paper. Bill 308. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT BY THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY COMMITTEE ON THE PROGRESS OF THE WORKS AND REVENUE WORKING 1902-1903. London: Houses of Parliament, 1903. 22 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Two large folding maps. British parliamentary Paper Africa No 12 (1903). Cd1770. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT FOR THE HALF-YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1903, ON THE COUNTRY PRODUCE TRAFFIC ON THE UGANDA RAILWAY. London: HMSO, 1904. 16 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British Parliamentary Paper. Diplomatic & Consular Reports. Misc Series No607.

FINAL REPORT OF THE UGANDA RAILWAY COMMITTEE. London: Houses of Parliament, 1904. 32 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British Parliamentary Paper. Africa No 11 (1904) Cd2164. A clean copy.

MOLESWORTH. Sir Guilford. REPORT ON THE UGANDA RAILWAY. London: Houses of Parliament, 1904. 36 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. Six maps. British Parliamentary Paper. Africa No 5 (1899). C9331. Molesworth had produced a feasibility report on the Uganda railway in 1891 and here reports comprehensively on its progress & difficulties encountered. A clean copy.

FOREIGN OFFICE. REPORT ON THE CONSTRUCTION AND WORKING OF THE MOMBASA-VICTORIA (UGANDA) RAILWAY AND STEAM-BOAT SERVICE ON LAKE VICTORIA, 1903-1904. London: Houses of Parliament, 1905. 40 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers/ British parliamentary Paper Africa No 16 (1904). Cd2332. A clean copy.

COLONIAL OFFICE. REPORT ON THE WORKING OF THE UGANDA RAILWAY AND THE STEAMBOAT SERVICE ON LAKE VICTORIA, 1904-1905. London: HMSO, 1905. 40 pp. Folio. Paper wrappers. British Parliamentary Paper Cd2716. A clean copy.


11. Abd-Allatif , Abu Muhammad (1162-1231)

Relation de l'Egypte, par Abd-Allatif, Médecin Arabe de Bagdad; Suivie De divers Extraits d'Ecrivains Orientaux, et d'un Etat des Provinces et des Villages de l'Egypte dans le XIV siècle: Le Tout Traduit Et Enrichi De Notes Historiques Et Critiques, Par M. Silvestre de Sacy. [Abd-Allatif's Account of Egypt].

Paris: l'Imprimerie Impériale, Chez Treuttel et Wuertz, 1810. First Edition. Quarto. xxiv, 752, [1]pp. Period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Rebacked in period style using the original boards and original label, otherwise a very good copy.

"The Arabic manuscript [of this work] was discovered in 1665 by Edward Pococke the orientalist, and preserved in the Bodleian Library. He then published the Arabic manuscript in the 1680's. His son, Edward Pococke the Younger, translated the work into Latin, though he was only able to publish less than half of his work. Thomas Hunt attempted to publish Pococke's complete translation in 1746, though his attempt was unsuccessful. Pococke's complete Latin translation was eventually published by Professor Joseph White of Oxford in 1800. The work was then translated into French, with valuable notes, by Silvestre de Sacy in 1810.., This work is one of the earliest works on Egyptology. It contains a vivid description of a famine caused, during the author's residence in Egypt, by the Nile failing to overflow its banks. [Abd-Allatif] also wrote detailed descriptions on ancient Egyptian monuments"(Wikipedia); Ibrahim-Hilmy I, p.3.


12. Albertini , Francesco (1469-1510)

Opusculum de Mirabilibus Novae & Veteris Urbis Romae. [First Topography of both Ancient and Modern Rome containing an Important Reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries].

Rome: Giacomo Mazzocchi, 1515. Second Edition. Small Quarto. 103 leaves. Period full vellum. Spine renewed, otherwise a very good copy.

First "topography of both ancient and modern Rome, containing an important reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries. Since the early Middle Ages guide-books had been written for the use of pilgrims to Rome. Many editions of the Mirabilia were printed before Albertini produced this first modern guide to the city. Besides an account of ancient Rome, with information about excavations and archaeological discoveries, he tells us also about the churches and buildings commissioned by Julius II and the artists who decorated them. In connection with the Sistine Chapel we learn about Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Lippi, and Michelangelo. This latter reference, together with another in Albertini's ‘Memoriale' of the same year, represents the earliest printed notice of that artist. In the third section there is one of the earliest description of the Vatican Library ‘in qua sunt codices auro et argento sericinisque tegminibus exornati' and mentioning the Codex Vergilianus; the author also refers to the Library's collections of astronomical and geometrical instruments. The final portion of the work is a laudatory account of the cities of Florence and Savona (the birthplace of Pope Julius II, to whom the book is dedicated). Here we also find mention of many eminent literary and artistic persons such as Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Brunelleschi, Leonardo da Vinci, et al.

It is in this section also that occurs the famous reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries: Albericus Vespulcius of Florence, sent by the most Christian King of Portugal, but lastly by the Catholic King of Spain, first discovered new islands and unknown countries, as is plainly set forth in his book, where he describes the stars, and the new islands, as is also seen in his Letter upon the New World, addressed to Lorenzo de Medici the Younger.(trans.)

There is not much biographical information about the author. It is thought that he was born in the second half of the fifteenth century and died in Rome between 1517 and 1521. A native of Florence he came to Rome in 1502 and was chaplain to Cardinal Fazio Santori. In this same year of 1510 was published in Florence his ‘Memoriale di molte statue e pitture della cittá de Firenze' and also in Rome his ‘Septem mirabilia Orbis et Urbis Romae et Florentinae civitatis', but the present ‘Opusculum' is his best known work. From its Preface we learn also that he was the author of several other works – ‘De modo recte vivendi', ‘De sacramento', for example -- but no copies are known to exist" (Kraus-185-14), Alden-Landis 510/1, Sabin 553, Church 33A.


13. Anson , George (1697-1762)

A Voyage Round the World, in the Years MDCCXL,I,II,III,IV. By George Anson, Esq.; Commander in Chief of a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships, sent upon an Expedition to the South-Seas. Compiled from Papers and Other Materials of the Right Honourable George Lord Anson, and Published Under his Direction. By Richard Walter, M.A. Chaplain of His Majesty's Ship the Centurion, in that Expedition. Illustrated with 42 Copper-Plates. With a Warrant (commission), Signed by Anson.

London: John and Paul Knapton, 1748. First Edition. Quarto. [34] , [420] pp. With 42 engraved folding plates and maps. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Some rubbing to extremities, hinges slightly cracked, otherwise a very good copy.

"This is the official account of Anson's Voyage. England, at war with Spain in 1739, equipped eight ships under the command of George Anson to harass the Spaniards on the western coast of South America, for the purpose of cutting off Spanish supplies of wealth from the Pacific area. The Spanish fleet sent out to oppose the British ran into storms; provisions ran out and many ships were wrecked. Anson continued taking prizes during 1741-42, off the Pacific coast, and in June, 1743, captured the Manila galleon and its treasure of 400,000 sterling.., [this work] has long occupied a distinguished position as a masterpiece of descriptive travel. Anson's voyage appears to been the most popular book of maritime adventure of the eighteenth century" (Hill 1817).

"Consisting at the start of eight ships.., Seven ships were lost around Cape Horn and on the coast of Chili and out of 900 men who left England on board more than 600 perished. As Usual scurvy took an appalling toll.., As with many a ship before and after, the island of Juan Fernandez proved a blessing in restoring scurvy-stricken men to health" (Cox I, p49); Anson "did return [home] with a vast bounty" (Howgego A100).

With a Signed Warrant (commission), signed by 'Anson', 'Thos. Orby Hunter', 'J: Forbes' as Lords of the Admiralty, 'H. Stanley', and 'J Clevland' as Secretary, appointing Tonyn 'Commander of His Majesty's Sloop the Savage'. 'Given under our hands and the Seal of the Office of Admiralty this Second day of December 1757 [2 December 1757]'. On one side of a piece of vellum, dimensions 28 x 32.5 cm. Neatly folded to make eight rectangles. Red wax seal beneath square of paper in top left-hand corner, embossed with the Admiralty anchor. Two blue 2s 6d stamps in left-hand margin. Small paper stamp on the reverse, which is docketed 'Savage'. Text entirely legible on lightly discolored and spotted vellum. The body of the document is printed over fifteen lines, with the specific information added in manuscript. Headed 'By the Commissioners for Executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland &c. And of all His Majesty's Plantations, &c. -' From the Paterson and Tonyn family papers.


14. Baines , [John] Thomas (1820-1875)

Explorations in South-West Africa. Being an Account of a Journey in the Years 1861 and 1862 from Walvisch Bay, on the Western Coast, to Lake Ngami and the Victoria Falls.

London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. xiv , 535, 24 pp. With a chromolithograph frontispiece "Regiment of Flamingos - Swakop River", eight wood engraved plates, twenty-six wood-engraved illustrations in the text and three folding outline hand colored maps, Very Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled polished full calf with a maroon gilt sheep label. A very good copy.

"During the expedition, Chapman would take photographs and Baines would paint and sketch. Setting out from Walvis Bay on the coast of Namibia in March 1861, the party crossed the desert to Lake Ngami in northern Botswana, then proceeded to the Victoria Falls, arriving on 23.7.62 after a journey by ox-wagon of sixteen months. There Baines executed the sketches for what became probably his best-known paintings, but technical problems prevented Chapman using his camera and no photographs were taken of the falls themselves. (The Victoria Falls would not be photographed until 1891)" (Howgego Continental Exploration 1850-1940, B9).

"The volume contains an interesting account of hunting and exploration in the country of the Namaquas and Damaras, and the illustrations are very spirited; there is a good description of the flora and fauna of the country, together with an account of the habits of the natives" (Mendelssohn I p. 69). "In 1861 [Baines] joined James Chapman on an expedition from the south-west coast of Africa to the Victoria Falls; he made a complete route survey, having been taught how to use surveying and astronomical instruments by Sir Thomas Maclear, astronomer royal at the Cape. He also collected scientific information and botanical specimens, the latter now at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and made many sketches and paintings, which were published as coloured lithographs in 1862" (Oxford DNB); Czech African p.9; Hess & Coger 2981.


15. Barth , Heinrich (1821-1865)

Barth's African Sketches.

[London], ca. 1860. First Edition. Oblong Octavo. With 36 tinted lithographic plates by M. & N. Hanhart, from drawings by J.M. Bernatz after sketches by Barth. Original publishers' cloth-backed yellow paper-covered boards, titled in black on upper cover 'Barth's African Sketches.' Covers mildly soiled, otherwise a very good copy.

A very rare work with only one copy found in Worldcat. "A rare separately published selection.., taken from the 60 plates published with the 5-volume work - a comparison of the two issues of the plates show a marked colour variation" (Christies). "Arriving in Tripoli on January 18, 1850, Barth was to remain in Africa for more than 5 years and to travel a total distance of over 10,000 miles, usually without any European companions and with little cash. After he reached the Bornu capital, Kukawa, on April 2, 1850, he used that city as a base while he made four exploratory journeys around Lake Chad. During a trip south to Yola, he became the first European to see and explore the upper waters of the Benue River, which he showed had no direct connection with Lake Chad" (Delpar, p.75). Barth "entered Timbuktu, only the third European of the modern era to do so, disguised as a Muslim merchant, and in return for sumptuous gifts acquired the protection of a rich Muslim, Sheikh el-Bakay. Barth remained in Timbuktu for seven months, constantly under suspicion and fearing for his life, which was saved only through his friendship with the sheikh. When permission to leave the city was eventually granted, he departed Timbuktu on 19.4.54 in the company of a Tuareg escort and followed the Niger" ( Howgego, Continental Exploration, 1850-1940, B18).


16. Belcher , Captain Sir Edward (1799-1877)

The Last of the Arctic Voyages; Being a Narrative of the Expedition in H. M. S. Assistance, in Search of Sir John Franklin, During the Years 1852-53-54 with Notes on the Natural History by Sir John Richardson..,

London: Lovell Reeve, 1855. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xx, 383; vii, 419 pp. With 36 plates (twelve color lithographed plates) and four maps and charts (three folding). Original publisher's navy patterned blind stamped gilt cloth and housed in a custom made matching navy cloth slip case. Recased and with Historical Society blind stamps on titles, plates and maps, otherwise a very good copy.

"This expedition penetrated up Wellington Channel to the extreme limits of navigation. No claim is made by Captain Belcher in his narrative to a solution of the fate of Sir John Franklin or of the Northwest Passage to the Pacific, but regarding the latter he says: "the continuous frozen sea, traced by the officers under my command, in 1853, proves a water communication through Wellington Channel, round Parry islands, to the position attained by Captain M'Clure, and.., in 1854 our sledge parties had penetrated to the southern extreme of Prince of Wales Strait, perfecting the labours of Dease and Simpson." This was Belcher's last active service. He became Admiral in 1872" (Hill 106).

"In 1852 was appointed to command an Arctic expedition in search of Sir John Franklin. The appointment was unfortunate; for Belcher, though an able and experienced surveyor, had already demonstrated that he had neither the temper nor the tact necessary for a commanding officer under circumstances of peculiar difficulty. Despite his abilities, Belcher evidently inspired strong personal dislike among his superiors and his subordinates, and the customary exercise of his authority did not make Arctic service less trying. His expedition is distinguished from all other Arctic expeditions as the one in which the commanding officer showed an undue haste to abandon his ships when in difficulties, and in which one of the ships so abandoned rescued herself from the ice, and was picked up floating freely in the open Atlantic. Belcher's account, published in 1855 under the extravagant title of The Last of the Arctic Voyages (2 vols.), may be compared with the description of the abandonment of the Resolute by Admiral Sherard Osborn in his Discovery of a North-West Passage (4th edn, 1865, 262-6). Belcher was never employed again" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel 645; Arctic Bibliography 1241; Howgego 1800-1850, B25; Sabin 4389.


17. Bernacchi , Louis [Charles] (1876-1942)

To the South Polar Regions; Expeditions of 1898-1900.

London: Hurst and Blacket, 1901. First Edition. Large Octavo. xvi, 348, ivp p. With many photo illustrations on plates and three maps, some folding and colored. Original publishers blue-green gilt cloth. Extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.

On Borchgrevink's Southern Cross expedition "Bernacchi, an Australian physicist, was the magnetic and meteorological observer and also took photographs.., the expedition refined Ross' map of the Victoria Land coast, established a new furthest south and laid the foundations for those following" (Conrad p.88-9). "In May 1896, Bernacchi travelled to London 'on the off-chance' of joining Borchgrevink's expedition. Having something of a talent for writing, his To the South Polar Regions is, compared with Borchgrevink's account, refreshingly readable and rich in literary imagery" (Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, B30). "Bernacchi's account is a gem in the Antarctic literature.., To him we are indebted for the many beautiful literary images of the voyage" (Rosove 35); "Bernacchi's account of the first deliberate wintering in Antarctica on the Southern Cross expedition of 1898-1900" (Taurus 25).


18. Bligh , Lieutenant William (1754-1817).

A Voyage to the South Sea, Undertaken by the Command of His Majesty, For the Purpose of Conveying the Bread-Fruit Tree to the West Indies, in His Majesty's Ship The Bounty, Commanded by Lieutenant William Bligh. Including an Account of the Mutiny on Board the Said Ship, and the Subsequent Voyage of Part of the Crew, in the Ship's Boat, From Tofoa, of the Friendly Islands, To Timor, a Dutch Settlement in the East Indies... Published by Permission of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.

London: George Nicol, 1792. First Edition. Quarto. [x], 264 pp. With an engraved frontispiece portrait of Bligh by J. Conde after J. Russell, and seven other engraved plates, plans and charts (five folding). Very handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled treed full calf with marbled end papers. Some plates mildly foxed and browned, otherwise a very good copy.

"An extremely important book. This is the first edition of the official account of the Bounty expedition. It includes a somewhat revised version of the text of Bligh's narrative of the mutiny, previously published at London in 1790 under the title "A Narrative of the Mutiny, on board His Majesty's Ship Bounty.., The account was based upon Bligh's journal but was written, edited and seen through the press by James Burney, under the supervision of Sir Joseph Banks, during Bligh's absence from London while on his second breadfruit voyage on the Providence. Rather ironically, after Bligh returned to Tahiti for more breadfruit plants and delivered them to the West Indies, it was discovered that the inhabitants there did not care for the taste, much preferring their own bananas" (Hill 135); Howgego B107.

"With a crew of forty-four, Fletcher Christian among them, the Bounty sailed in December 1787. After failing to enter the Pacific Ocean round Cape Horn, Bligh reached Tahiti at the end of October 1788. Laden with more than 1000 young breadfruit plants, he sailed again at the beginning of April 1789. In the early morning of 28 April 1789, when off the island of Tofua (Tonga), Fletcher Christian led part of the crew in mutiny. Subsequent events, and their repeated evocation in literature and film, have made this mutiny the most famous in the history of the sea. The rebels set Bligh and eighteen men adrift in the ship's 23 foot long launch, with little food and only minimal navigational tools. Incredibly Bligh managed to reach Kupang in Timor two months later with the loss of only one man, after a harrowing 3500 mile voyage. The mutineers spent nine months ranging the central Pacific in search of a haven. In the end some chose to remain at Tahiti, where they were arrested by Captain Edward Edwards and subsequently tried at court martial. Others went with Christian and Polynesian companions to a bloody fate on Pitcairn, then mislocated on charts. The causes of the mutiny and the motives of the mutineers have been much debated. Bligh suggested that the rebels listened to Tahiti's siren song; Christian's supporters, on the other hand, argued that Bligh's harsh treatment had driven him mad. While puzzles remain, it is clear that Bligh and Christian became locked into a deeply ambivalent symbiosis that led to tragedy" (Oxford DNB); Sabin 5910.


19. Bode , Baron C[lement] A[ugustus] de

Travels in Luristan and Arabistan.

London: J. Madden and Co,, 1845. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xx, 404; xii, 398, [1] pp. With fifteen lithographed and wood engraved plates (two folding) and two folding engraved maps. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and black gilt morocco labels. A very good set.

An important account on Persia with detailed descriptions of the antiquities, archaeological sites and the ancient history of the country. De Bode travelled from Tehran to Isfahan, Persepolis, Shiraz, Kazeroun, Shushtar, Susa, Khorramabad and back to Tehran. "Luristan" (modern "Loristan"), or the land of the Luri people, is a western province of Persia and the main city is Khorramabad. "Arabistan" (modern "Khuzestan") is located in the Eastern Persia and the main city is Ahwaz.

De Bode gives a detailed account of the ancient cities of Persepolis, the ceremonial capital of the Ahaemenid Empire, and Susa which used to be the capital of the legendary civilisation Elam, mentioned in the Bible. In his narrative he describes numerous archaeological sites, lists the names of settlements, describes the history of the local tribes and their manners and customs. As a supplement he published his observations on the routes of Timur and Alexander the Great who crossed south-western Persia during their conquering marches. "It is with the view of rescuing from a second oblivion this once classical ground that the Author has endeavoured to draw aside a corner of the veil which still covers this mysterious region "(Preface). One of Bode's advisors whom he acknowledges in the Preface, was the renowned Assyriologist Sir Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895), an expert in Persian and Indian vernacular languages who explored Susiana and Persian Kurdistan and was called by Budge, in The Rise and Progress of Assyriology (1925), "the father of Assyriology" (Oxford DNB).

"Clement Augustus de Bode, a member of the Russian legation in Tehran, filled some empty spaces in existing maps" (Howgego 1800-1850, G2); "The author travelled in 1841 from Tehran to Esfahan, Persepolis, Shiraz, Kazeroun, Shushtar, Dezful, Susa, Khorramabad, Boroujerd and back to Tehran. It is mostly a travel book, however, the author gives a good picture of tribal life and especially the political situation in Fars; principally the hostility between the Qashqai tribe which controlled Shiraz. There is also descriptions of historical sites and monuments along the way" (Ghani p. 93).


20. Boilat , P. D[avid], l'Abbe (1814-1901)

Esquisses Se´ne´galaises, Physionomie du Pays, Peuplades, Commerce, Religions, Passe´ et Avenir, Re´cits et Le´gendes. Atlas Volume [Senegalese Sketches: Face Of The Country, Tribe, Trade, Religions, Past And Future, Stories And Legends].

Paris: P. Bertrand, 1853. First Edition. Quarto. 31 pp. With 24 beautifully hand colored lithographs of the People of Senegal with text descriptions of the plates. Period light brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards and maroon gilt morocco labels. Front hinge tender, otherwise a very good copy.

Born April 23, 1814 in Saint-Louis (Senegal) to a French father and a Senegalese mother, he was sent for training in France to prepare to become a teacher in Senegal. David Boilat is considered one of the first Senegalese writers to write on the manners and customs of his country. His dual culture and knowledge of local languages makes this a very important work on Senegal. The lithographs of Senegalese costumes are beautifully hand colored in this atlas volume. Hess & Coger 7280.


21. Bougainville , Louis Antoine de (1729-1811)

Voyage autour du monde, par la frégate du Roi, La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Etoile; en 1766, 1767, 1768 & 1769. [With: Magra, James, attributed author.] Supplément au voyage de M. De Bougainville; ou journal d'un voyage autour du monde, fait par MM. Banks & Solander, Anglois, en 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771. Traduit de l'Anglois, par M. De Fréville. [A Voyage Round the World. Performed by Order of His Most Christian Majesty, in the Years 1766, 1767, 1768 and 1769].

Paris: Chez Saillant & Nyon, 1772. Second and Best French Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. xliii; [ii]; xvj , 336; 453+[3]; 362 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and 21 folding copper engraved maps. Handsome period style olive gilt tooled quarter calf with green patterned papered boards. Extremities of spine mildly rubbed, one map with minor repair, otherwise a very good set.

"The voyage of the Badeuse and the Etoile under Bougainville became the first official French circumnavigation.., During this voyage, Bougainville visited Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, and Patagonia in South America; he was also in Buenos Aires when the order for the expulsion of the Jesuits of Paraguay arrived, which he describes in detail. He then proceeded through the Strait of Magellan and across the Pacific, visiting the Tuamotu Archipelago, Tahiti, the Samoan Islands, the New Hebrides, and the Solomon, Louisiade, and New Britain Archipelagoes. At the end of the volume, there is a long description of Tahiti, containing observations concerning the natives as well as a vocabulary of 300 words used on the island. Also included is an account of Aotourou (Mayoa), a Tahitian who returned to France with Bougainville. Bougainville also touched at the Moluccas, Batavia, and Mauritius before he arrived once again in France in 1769. Although Bougainville made only a few important discoveries, he created a great deal of interest among the French in the Pacific" (Hill 163-4). The "supplement" here is a translation of a highly important anonymous account of Cook's first voyage (by James Magra), published without authorization only two months after the return of the Endeavour, and a full two years before the official account by Hawkesworth; this is thus the first account of Captain Cook in French. Beddie 697; Cox I, p. 55; Howgego B142; Sabin 6867.


22. Bowdich , Thomas Edward (1791-1824)

Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo, During the Autumn of 1823, While on his Third Voyage to Africa.

London: George B. Whittaker, 1825. First Edition. Quarto. xii , 278 pp. With 22 lithographs on plates, four hand-colored, three folding. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with red gilt morocco label. Rebacked in style using original boards, with unobtrusive library blind stamp on title, otherwise a near fine copy.

"Bowdich died aged thirty-three on this, his third voyage to Africa, and his last work was not only edited but completed by his wife, Sarah, who added three sections, 'a narrative of the continuance of the voyage to its completion,' 'a description of the English settlements on the River Gambia,' and an 'appendix, containing zoological and botanical descriptions, and translations from the Arabic.' Sarah Bowdich also contributed the drawings for the work, the plates including portraits of local people, views and zoological figures" (Christies).

"Bowdich and his wife.., embarked upon a second African expedition, and in August 1822 they sailed from Le Havre to Lisbon..., They continued to Madeira where they remained for some months, collecting geological, geographical, and botanical information and then travelled to the Gambia, where Bowdich began a trigonometrical survey of the river. His enthusiasm for scientific observation was said to have cost him his life there, for while taking astronomical observations at night he caught cold, which was followed by fever, resulting in his death, at the early age of thirty-three, on 10 January 1824. The published account of his last expedition was edited and illustrated by his wife" (Oxford DNB). Bowdich was appointed by the African Company to lead a mission to Ashanti in 1815. He subsequently spent much time in Africa before his death at the mouth of the Gambia" (Howgego 1800-1850, C19); Abbey Travel 190; Hess & Coger 5414.


23. Caillie , Rene (1799-1838)

Journal d'un voyage a Temboctou et a Jenne, dans l'Afrique centrale, precede d'observations faites chez les maures Braknas, les Nalous et d'autres peuples; pendant les annees 1824-28. [Travels Through Central Africa to Timbuctoo; and Across the Great Desert, to Morocco, Performed in the Years 1824-1828].

Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1830. First Edition. 3 vols. Octavo & Folio Atlas. xii, 475; [iv], 426; [iv], 404 +[2] pp. With an aquatint portrait frontispiece, a double page view of Timbuctoo, 4 other plates, and a large folding map. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards, text housed in a matching slip case. A very good set.

"Caillie began his quest for Timbuctoo in March 1827 at the mouth of the Rio Nunez, in what is now Guinea, and reached the Niger at Kouroussa in June. To disarm suspicion along the way, he claimed to be an Egyptian of Arab parentage who had been taken to France as a youngster and was now returning to the land of his birth. From August 3, 1827, until January 9, 1828, he was forced to remain at Tieme, being felled first by foot trouble and then by a bout with scurvy. He reached Timbuctoo on April 20, 1828, and stayed there until May 4, thereby becoming the second European to visit the city of his own volition and the first to survive the journey" (Delpar p.95).

"Caillie reached Kabara, the port of Timbuktu, on 19.4.28, and accompanied Sidi-Abdallahi, the agent of the sheikh of Djenne, into Timbuktu later that day. Caillie was sorely disappointed with what he saw: a dreary, sleepy little town on the edge of the desert, having none of the excitement or commerce that its fame had suggested. The more important buildings had fallen into disrepair and the population lived perpetually in fear of Tuareg attack. Caillie remained only two weeks in Timbuktu, and on 4.5.28, anxious to depart, joined a caravan of 1400 camels heading for Morocco" (Howgego 1800-1850 C2).


24. Chappe d 'Auteroche , Jean (1728-1769)

Voyage en Sibérie, fait par ordre du Roi en 1761, contenant Les Moeurs, les Usages des Russes, et l'Etat actuel de cette Puissance: 2 vols. [With] Kracheninnikov, Stepan Petrovich (1711-1755). Histoire et Description du Kamtchatka, contenant Les Moeurs et les Costumes des Habitants du Kamtchatka, la Géographie du Kamtchatka & des Pays circonvoisins: 2 vols. [With] [Catherine II] (1729-1796). Antidote ou Examen du mauvais livre superbement imprimé intitulé: Voyage en Sibérie par M. L'Abbé Chappe d 'Auteroche: 2 vols.

[Voyage to Siberia [With] History and Description of Kamtchatka [With] Review of the Bad Book beautifully printed].

Amsterdam: Marc-Michel Rey, 1769-1772. Best French Editions. Small Octavo, 6 vols. [2], viii, 316; [2], 317-683, [1]; [2], xvi, 439; [2], 492, [1]; [2], 5-272; [2], 5-296 pp. With half-titles to each volume, engraved title vignettes (in volumes 1-4); frontispiece to vol. 1; ten engraved plates (four folding); two engraved folding maps of Kamchatka by P. Mol after Chappe d'Auteroche; seven engraved plates (two folding) by T. Koning, B. De Bakker, and P.J. Schley; six folding tables. Handsome period brown mottled full calf bindings, gilt tooled spines. Marbled endpapers and edges, period French bookseller's label on the first pastedown of volume 1. Extremities slightly rubbed otherwise a very good set.

This rare complete set includes the second edition of Chappe d'Auteroche's voyage to Siberia. It contains meteorological observations, descriptions of the climate, animals, birds, and insects, notes on the iron ore, copper and gold mines etc. Hill 277.

In addition, the second part contains the first unabridged and accurate translation of Krasheninnikov's work by Chappe d'Auteroche. "The French edition [of Krashninnikov's work] published in Amsterdam in two volumes in 1770 is considered more important, since it includes the unabridged translation from the Russian original by Jean Chappe d'Auteroche, first published in his Voyage en Siberie (Paris, 1768)" (Hill 949). Lada-Mocarski considered the Amsterdam edition to be the best of all the French translations (Lada-Mocarski 12, p.61). Chappe d'Auteroche's Siberie has little bearing on Russian America, except as collateral; but his translation of Krasheninnikov's Kamchatka contains considerable material on Alaska and the north-west coast of America (Hill 277). The history of Siberia is so intimately interconnected with that of the history of Russian America or Alaska and the early history of the North West Coast of America that these two works are extremely important. Considerable information on the fur trade is included (Kenneth Nebenzahl Auctions).

Finally, the third part contains the anonymous pamphlet "Antidote, or Review of a Bad but Beautifully Printed book ‘Travel to Siberia'" which refutes Chappe d'Auteroche's statements about Russia as barbaric and backward country. Its authorship is attributed to Catherine the Great herself and Count Andrey Petrovich Shuvalov (Nouvelle Boigraphie Universelle, vol. 9, p. 700).

"The French astronomer travels to Tobolsk, Siberia, by way of St. Petersburg and observes the transit of Venus over the sun. His account provides a mass of detail" (Nerhood 89). "Chappe was chosen to go to Tobolsk in Siberia to observe the transit of Venus expected for 6 June 1761. The trip was arduous and Chappe arrived in Tobolsk with little time to spare, although he was able to observe the lunar eclipse of 18 May, which enabled him to calculate the longitude of Tobolsk. The spring floods of the Tobol and Irtysh rivers had been particularly severe that year, and some of the local peasants blamed the foreigner with his strange equipment who was "messing with the Sun": Chappe had to be protected by a cordon of armed Cossacks to make his observations. Fortunately, the weather conditions were excellent, and Chappe was able to observe the entire transit" (Wikipedia).

Krasheninnikov joined the Russian scientific expedition to East Siberia, lead by Gmelin, and he was the only member of the expedition to penetrate Kamtchatka; he stayed there for four years. The work contains a detailed description of the North-west Coast of America, Alaska, and the Aleutian Islands and thus constitutes one of the first descriptions at all of these parts of the world. Howes K-265; Sabin 38304.


25. Chardin , John (1643-1713)

The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East Indies, Through the Black Sea and the Country of Colchis.

London: Moses Pitt, 1689. First Edition, Second Impression. Folio. [xiii] , 417; [8]; 154; [5] pp. Frontispiece portrait, engraved title, printed title, plus folding map of the Black Sea, and 16 engraved plates (most of them folding views). Engraved title page vignette. Period style dark brown gilt tooled half with marbled boards. A near fine copy.

"Chardin was a Huguenot who was forced to emigrate to England. He was knighted by Charles II and on his death was buried in Westminster Abbey. His first visit to the East was made in 1665, at the age of twenty-two, when he both gratified a love of travelling and carried on his trade as a dealer in jewels. His more important voyage was made in 1671. His route differed from that usually taken by travellers to the East Indies in that he proceeded by way of the Black Sea and the countries bordering thereon. His account of the Persian court and of his business transactions with the shah are of great interest. Sir William Jones regarded his narrative as the best yet published on the Mohammedan nations" (Cox I p 249-250).

“Chardin set out for Persia for a second time in August 1671, but on this occasion diverted through Smyrna and Constantinople, and took the Black Sea Route to Caucasia, Mingrelia and Georgia, finally arriving at Esfahan in June 1673. In Georgia he heard of a race of warlike women, the Amazons, who had at some time in the recent past invaded a kingdom to the northwest. He remained in Persia for four years, as he says 'chiefly following the court in its removals, but also making some particular journeys.., as well as studying the language.' He apparently knew Esfahan better than Paris, and visited nearly every part of the country. His account of the Persian court and his business transactions with the shah are of considerable interest. In 1677 he proceeded to India, afterwards returning to France by way of the Cape of Good Hope” (Howgego C102). “His second and more notable voyage to Persia, is important because it is in the account of this voyage that he describes life in late Safavid Persia” (Ghani p. 71).


26. Choris , Louis (1795-1828)

Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales, Recueillis dans un Voyage Autour du Monde par Louis Choris. [Views and Landscapes, Collected in a Voyage Around the World by Louis Choris].

Paris: Paul Renouard, 1826. First Edition. Folio in six parts. 24 lithographed plates after Chorispp. With 24 lithographed plates. Six publisher's original mauve printed wrappers preserved in a period style purple gilt tooled quarter straight-grained morocco box with mauve papered boards. A near fine set.

A fine collection of views, particularly rare in the original wrappered parts, drawn by Choris as expedition artist on Kotzebue's voyage in the Rurik to the Pacific, 1815-1818. This was Russia's second circumnavigation, which sailed through the South Seas and north to Alaska in search of the North-West Passage. These impressive plates, here in the original subscribers wrappers without the separately published text leaves, dedicated to Alexandre de Humboldt, were not published in either Choris' Voyage Pittoresque (1822) or in Kotzebue's account of the voyage (published in Weimar, 1821), and include scenes in Alaska, Hawaii, Kamchatka, the Marianas, Easter Island, South America, Manila, Cape of Good Hope and St. Helena.

"In July 1815 Choris, at the age of 20, joined Otto von Kotzebue's expedition on the Rurik as the official artist. This was the first Russian circumnavigation devoted exclusively to scientific purposes and several well-known scientists contributed greatly to its success. Choris made a great many drawings during this voyage. In 1822 he published Voyage Pittoresque Autour du Monde .., Despite his using many of his drawings in that work, Choris found 24 subjects among the remaining drawings which he published 4 years later in the work herein described. Choris' drawings are original and faithful pictorial representations of the subjects he drew. In 1828 Choris visited America, including Mexico. On an expedition in the interior of that country he was killed by bandits" (Lada-Mocarski 90); Forbes 632; Howgego 1800-1850, K20; Sabin 12885.


27. Cooke , Lt-Col A C (compiler at the Topographical & Statistical Department of the War Office)

Routes in Abyssinia.

London: HMSO, 1867. First Edition With a Signed Letter by Colonel Hozier. Folio. [iv], 252 pp. With a large folding map, coloured in outline (by E G Ravenstein), smaller folding map by Keith Johnstone) Period style navy gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with navy cloth boards. A very good copy.

A particularly interesting work produced at the time of the Abyssinian Campaign reviewing the different routes of exploration taken up to that date in Abyssinia, beginning with the 1541 Portuguese Expedition and continuing with the routes taken by Salt, Pearce, Ferret et Galinier, Mansfield Parkyn, Munzinger, Merewether, Harris, D'Hericourt, Isenberg & Krapf, Coffin, Hamilton, Bruce, Beke, Combes & Tamisler, Mendez, Lefebvre, and Steudner. The last twenty pages describe and discuss the Line of Advance of the British Expedition. Also, a detailed description of Abyssinia is given and the large folding map is most likely the most detailed and accurate map of the country to that date.

With an Autograph Letter Signed ‘Colonel Sir Henry Montague Hozier' to Mr. Carruthers (William Carruthers botanist and keeper of the Botanical Department at the Natural History Museum from 1871 to 1895) looking forward to visiting the museum at South Kensington, dated the Netherton Meigle 26 September no year given. Colonel Sir Henry Montague Hozier (1838-1907) was author of 'The British Expedition to Abyssinia'. "While serving as assistant military secretary to Lord Napier of Magdala on the Abyssinian expedition (1867), [Hozier] was again engaged by The Times as a war correspondent" (Oxford DNB).


28. Dillon , Capt. P[eter] (1788-1847)

Voyage aux Iles de la Mer du Sud, en 1827 et 1828, et Relation de la Decouverte du Sort de la Perouse Dedie au Roi… [Narrative and Successful Result of a Voyage in the South Seas, performed by Order of the Government of British India to ascertain the actual fate of La Pérouse's Expedition, interspersed with Accounts of the Religion, Manners, Customs, and Cannibal Practices of the South Sea Islanders].

Paris: Chez Pillet Aine, 1830. First French Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. lx , [295]; [363] pp. With two folding lithographed frontispieces, one other plate and a folding lithographed map. Handsome period green gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. Rebacked in period style using original boards, otherwise a near fine set.

"It was during this voyage that the mystery of the loss of Laperouse and his expedition was finally solved. From many years Dillon had navigated the South Seas in connection with the sandalwood trade, and he often visited Fiji and New Zealand. In 1813, when on shore in the Fiji Islands, his crew was attacked and fourteen were massacred. A Prussian refugee, Martin Bushart, his Fijian wife, and a Lascar seaman were rescued and were landed on the small island of Tikopia when Dillon returned to China and India. In 1826, Dillon visited this island again, where he found his friends still living and from which he obtained some articles which he rightly recognized as having belonged to Laperouse. These had been recovered from an island in the Mannicolo Group not far distant. This news he gave to the Bengal government and was given the survey vessel Research to go and investigate. After various adventures in Australia, New Zealand , and Tonga, Dillon found the wrecks of the lost ships on the reefs surrounding Vanikoro in the Santa Cruz Islands. He brought the news back to Captain Dumont d'Urville, then at Hobart, who proceeded back to the location and recovered further relics. Dillon took his finds to France and presented them to King Charles X, who conferred on him the order of the Legion D'honneur, and an annuity of 4,000 Francs" (Hill 480-1); Howgego 1800-1850, D21; Sabin 20176.


29. Dumont d'Urville , Jules Sebastien Cesar (1790-1842)

Voyage de Decouvertes Autour du Monde et a la Recherche de La Perouse, par M. J. Dumont d'Urville, Capitaine de Vaisseau, execute sous son commandement et par ordre du gouvernement, sur la Corvette l'Astrolabe, pendant les annees 1826, 1827, 1828, et 1829. Histoire du Voyage. [A Voyage of Discovery Around the World and the Search for La Perouse].

Paris: A la Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, 1832-1833. Rare General Reader's Edition With a Signed Letter from Dumont d'Urville. Octavo, 5vols & Folio Atlas. cxii; [iv]; [iv]; [iv]; [iv] , 528; 632; 796; 760; 678, [1] pp. Folio Atlas with lithographed portrait frontispiece, lithographed title, eight charts (six double-page), and twelve plates (six hand colored). Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with red gilt morocco labels and marbled boards. Handsomely rebacked in style using original boards, otherwise a near fine copy.

With a 1840 four page Autographed Letter Signed from Dumont d'Urville to Monsieur de Montrol.

"This was the first expedition commanded by Dumont d'Urville. Its purpose was to gain additional information about the principal groups of islands in the Pacific and to augment the mass of scientific data acquired by Louis Duperrey. The Astrolabe sailed south, around the Cape of Good Hope, and arrived at Port Jackson. Proceeding to New Zealand, a careful survey was done of its coast, especially the southern part of Cook Strait. Tonga and parts of the Fiji Archipelago were explored, then New Britain, New Guinea, Amboina, Tasmania, Vanikoro, Guam, and Java. The return home was by the way of Mauritius and the Cape of Good Hope. Massive amounts of scientific materials were collected and published. Dumont d'Urville is also known for an incident from an earlier voyage: in 1819, while on a surveying vessel near the island of Milos, locals told him about an ancient statue they had recently unearthed. After viewing the statue, he promptly arranged for it to be bought by the French government and shipped to Paris, where it remains in the collection of the Louvre. The statue is known as the Venus de Milo" (Hill 504); Howgego 1800-1850 D34.

The rare "household" or general reader's edition of Dumont-d'Urville's grand series of narrative and scientific volumes describing the Astrolabe expedition. The very rare atlas volume was issued but is rarely found as in this case with the text volumes (Australian Book Auctions).


30. Durand , Jean-Baptiste-Léonard (1742-1812)

Voyage au Sénégal, ou mémoires historiques, philosophiques et politiques sur les découvertes, les établissemens et le commerce des Européens dans les mers de l'Océan atlantique, depuis le Cap-Blanc jusqu'à la rivière de Serre-Lionne inclusivement ; suivis de la relation d'un voyage par terre de l'île Saint-Louis à Galam, et du texte arabe de trois traités de commerce faits par l'auteur avec les princes de pays. [Voyage to Senegal..,].

Paris: Chez H. Agasse, An X, [1802]. Second Edition. Text 8vo,2 vols & Quarto Atlas. lvi, 359, [1]; 383, [1];67 pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, forty-three numbered engraved plates, including sixteen folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full (text) & half (atlas) calf. Atlas with marbled boards. One text volume rebacked, otherwise a very good set.

In 1785 Durand was appointed head of the Third Company of Senegal on the Isle of St. Louis where he was a director between 1785-86. He then made a trip to Galam and concluded several treaties with the Moors, to promote the gum trade. A Voyage to Senegal was inspired by the works of Father Labat and other writers, and includes a description of the journey of Mr. Rubault, who went to Galam and much information on the history, trade and commerce of the western African coast from Cape Blanc to the Sierra Leone River, which was the heart of the African slave trade in the 18th century. The work contains a very detailed map of the region and also engravings of local life, fauna and flora.

"During the eighteenth century the factories and settlements on the coast of Senegal had changed hands several times between the British and the French. The island of Goree had been returned to the French in 1763 at the conclusion of the Seven Years War, and 1779 Louis Philippe Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil, had recovered Saint Louis" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); Wikipedia.


31. Ellis , Henry (1788-1855)

Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China; comprising a Correct Narrative of the Public Transactions of the Embassy, of the Voyage to and from China, and of the Journey from the Mouth of the Pei-Ho to the Return to Canton. Interspersed with Observations upon the Face of the Country, the Polity, Moral Character, and Manners of the Chinese Nation.

London: John Murray, 1817. First Edition With a Signed Letter from Lord Amherst. Quarto. vii , 526+ [1] pp. With a stipple portrait frontispiece of Lord Amherst, seven hand colored aquatint plates, and three engraved maps (one folding). Handsome period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Several unobtrusive blind stamps on title page and plates, otherwise a very nice copy.

With an Autographed Letter Signed by William Pitt Amherst (1773-1857) and dated Knole 29th July 1850 and addressed to the painter and engraver Joseph Lionel Williams.

"Sir Henry Ellis was a noted diplomat and historian. He served as third commissioner on Lord Amherst's Embassy to China in 1816, sent out by King George III to protest ill-treatment of British subjects. Unfortunately this honour was short-lived. Lord Amherst and his retinue were sent home after Amherst refused to "kow-tow" (nine strikings of the forehead on the ground) at his presentation to the Emperor Khein Lung in Peking. As if this was not enough, their ship, the Alceste, was wrecked off the coast of Sumatra on the return home. Happily, all hands survived, and another ship was found to carry them home again. On the return voyage the ship stopped at St. Helena, and included in the present text is Ellis' interview with Napoleon Bonaparte. On the journey out the Alceste had visited Madeira, Rio de Janeiro, Cape Town, Java, and Macao" (Hill 542).

"In 1816 Ellis accompanied Earl Amherst on his mission to China, and he recorded his experiences in A Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China (1817). The mission, to negotiate a new trade agreement, was unsuccessful. Ellis was not impressed by the Chinese, whom he considered xenophobic, ultra-traditional, and ‘uninteresting'. On the return voyage, Ellis and his companions were wrecked in the Strait of Gaspar and only reached Batavia after a perilous journey of several hundred miles in an open boat. Later they called at St Helena, where Ellis met Napoleon. Napoleon later hotly disputed Ellis's account of the meeting" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel 536; Cordier 239304; Lust 509; Tooley 20.


32. Erdmann , Johann Friedrich (1778-1846)

Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Innern von Russland. [Additions to the Knowledge of the Interior of Russia]:

Erster Theil. Medicinische Topographie des Gouvernements und der Stadt Kasan, nebst mehreren darauf Bezug habenden Historischen, Geografischen, Statistischen und Ethnographischen Notizen. [First Part. Medical topography of the province and city of Kazan, with several historical references, and Geographical, Statistical and Ethnographic Notes];

[With] Zweiter Theil. Reisen im Innern Russlands [Second part. Travels inside Russia [in 2 vols.]].

Riga und Dorpat & Leipzig: J.F. Meinshausen & P.G. Kummer, 1822-6. First and Only Edition. Octavo 3 vols. Second part in two handsome period brown gilt tooled half calfs with marbled board; engraved bookplate on the front endpapers: "Säfstaholms Bibliothek." First part expertly bound to match in period style (heraldic library stamp on the first title page "Bibliothek der Livlaendischen Ritterschaft"), all three volumes housed in a brown custom made slipcase. A near fine set.

Erster Theil. Medicinische Topographie des Gouvernements und der Stadt Kasan, nebst mehreren darauf Bezug habenden Historischen, Georgafischen, Statistischen und Ethnographischen Notizen. Riga und Dorpat: J.F. Meinshausen, 1822. [viii], vi, 344, [i] pp. With 1 large lithographed plan of Kazan.

Zweiter Theil. Reisen im Innern Russlands [in 2 parts]. Leipzig: P.G. Kummer, 1825-26. xlviii, 366, xlix-l, 18; xii, 288, [vi] pp. With 21 lithographed plates and maps, 7 tables, 18 pages of music notes.

Very interesting travel account of the Central and Lower Volga, Urals and Western Siberia. It is based on seven years travels of a German doctor, professor of medicine Johann Friedrich Erdmann , who graduated from the University of Wittenberg, but most of his life worked in Russia and became a professor of Kazan and Dorpat Universities and a foreign associate of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1810-1817 Erdmann worked in the Kazan University as a professor of therapy and the head of the University Clinic; later he was appointed the inspector of the School district of the whole Kazan province. A devoted and curious traveller, Erdmann widely travelled across the province and visited Saratov, Simbirsk, Astrakhan, Perm, Yekaterinburg and Tobolsk.

This is the only edition of his travel account, which has never been translated into Russian, consisting of two volumes (second in two parts). The first volume is dedicated entirely to the medical infrastructure of the Kazan province and is of significance in its own right. The second volume contains detailed descriptions of all places visited by the author, including the ruins of the famous ancient city of Bolghar, mineral springs in Sergievsk and Tetiusha, Lake Elton (the largest European salt lake), manners and customs of Kalmyks, Votiaks, Permiaks, Ostiaks and Samoeds, German Colonists in Saratow district and others. It also includes a brief history of the Ural factories and mines. The book was highly appreciated by contemporaries and was an important source of information during the 19th century.

The second part is from the famous library of the Swedish art collector and bibliophile Gustav Trolle-Bonde (engraved bookplates on front pastedown endpapers and gilt initials "GTB" on the spines).

Gustav Trolle-Bonde (1773-1855) was a Swedish Count, famous art collector, bibliophile and patron of arts. His father Count Karl Bonde (1741-1791) started collecting objects of art and rare books and built for them the Säfstaholms castle in 1815, which quickly became "the gem of the neighbourhood". Säfstaholms' art collection and library were considered the largest in private hands in Sweden; the art collection included paintings by Titian, Rubens, Frans Hals, Nordic genre painters and sculptors. Many Swedish artists and intellectuals were the permanent guests of the castle during the time of Gustav Trolle-Bonde, including Elias Martin, Pehr Hillström, Gustaf Sandberg, Wilhelm Wallander and Erik Gustaf Geijer.

Polovtsev's Russian Biographical Dictionary online.


33. Fox , William

A Brief History of the Wesleyan Missions on The Western Coast of Africa: Including Biographical Sketches of all the Missionaries who have died in that Important Field of Labour: with some Account of the European Settlements, and of the Slave-Trade.

London: Printed for the Author, 1851. First Edition. Octavo. xx, 624, [1] pp. With a folding frontispiece map and six lithographs. Original publishers' brown gilt cloth. Cloth mildly faded and with a couple of minor stains, otherwise a very good copy.

Rare work. Fox spent more than ten years as a missionary on the Gambia. This work includes chapters on the African slave trade, Sierra Leone, the Gambia and the Gold Coast. The Slave trade had a devastating effect on this area "as three million slaves may have been taken from this general region [The Gambia] during the three centuries that the transatlantic slave trade was operated.., In 1807, slave trading was abolished throughout the British Empire, and the British tried unsuccessfully to end the slave trade in the Gambia. They established the military post of Bathurst (now Banjul) in 1816. In the ensuing years, Banjul was at times under the jurisdiction of the British Governor General in Sierra Leone. In 1888, The Gambia became a separate colonial entity" (Wikipedia).


34. Fryer , John (c. 1650-1733)

A New Account of East India and Persia in Eight Letters; Being Nine Years' Travels Begun 1672 and Finished 1681. Containing Observations made of the Moral, Natural, and Artificial Estate of Those Countries: Namely, of Their Government, Religion, Laws, Customs. Of the Soil, Climates, Seasons, Health, Diseases. Of the Animals, Vegetables, Minerals, Jewels. Of Their Housing, Clothing, Manufactures, Trades, Commodities. And of the Coins, Weights, and Measures, used in the Principal Places of Trade in Those Parts.

London: Ri. Chiswell, 1698. First Edition. Folio. [x], xiii , 427, xxiv pp. With an engraved frontispiece portrait of the author, five engraved plates (three folding) and three maps (one full page and in text). Handsome period dark brown panelled full calf with brown gilt sheep label. Some mild foxing and a few leaves with a mild water stain to outer lower corner, extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.

"Fryer was a surgeon in the service of the East India Company for nine years and traveled extensively on the Coromandel and Malabar coasts. He describes well the cities of Surat and Bombay, the life and trade there as well as at Madras..., His book is of great value in its account of the struggle of the Mahrattas under Sivaaji to resist absorption into the Aurangzib's empire and in its analysis of the political state of the kingdom of Bijapur" (Cox I, p. 280).

"On 9 December 1672 Fryer left from Gravesend for a lengthy tour of India and Persia undertaken in the interests of the East India Company. He did not return to England until August 1682. Sixteen years later he published A New Account of East India and Persia being Nine Years' Travels, Begun in 1672 , which he had been prompted to write in the wake of criticism of English expeditions in French guides. A book rich in details of natural history and local medical practice, Fryer's account was republished in Dutch in 1700" (Oxford DNB).

"As a surgeon in the service of the East India Company, he left England in December 1672 and arrived at Masulipatam in June 1673. He spent the following four years on the Coromandel and Malabar coasts, visiting and describing Surat, Bombay and Madras. He also travelled to Gorkarna, Karwar, Goa, and ventured inland to Junnar. He was in Persia between 1677 and 1679, then returned to India until 1681. He arrived back in England in August 1682, but could not be persuaded to publish an account of his travels for another seventeen years. Despite the delay, his account of the places he visited is accurate and reliable, with numerous anecdotes told with a fine sense of humour. He was appointed Fellow of the Royal Society in 1697, and his book was published by the Society's printer" (Howgego F87); Ghani p.144-5.


35. Gilles , Pierre (1490-1555)

The Antiquities of Constantinople. With a Description of its Situation, the Conveniences of its Port, its Public Buildings, the Statuary, Sculpture, Architecture and other Curiosities of that City. With Cuts Explaining the Chief of them... Translated into English ... By John Ball.

London: [John Ball], 1729. First English Edition. Octavo, 2 parts bound in one. [xviii], 295, [9], 63 pp. With a copper engraved frontispiece and title-page, eleven other copper engraved plates (three folding) and a copper engraved vignette at the end of the second part. Period brown gilt tooled full sheep with red gilt morocco label. Extremities lightly rubbed, otherwise a fine copy.

First English edition of one of the earliest accounts of Constantinople under Turkish rule. The first edition was published in Latin with the title ‘De Topographia Constantinopoleos et de illius antiquitatibus, libri IV' (Lyon, 1561). "This account of the Antiquities of that City given us by Gullius is not only the best, but indeed the only collective history of them" (Preface). The English edition is supplemented with an appendix dedicated to the Statues of Constantinople; detailed Explanatory Index, additional chapter "A Description of the Wards of the City" and eleven engravings, giving "a complete view of whatsoever is most remarkable in the Antiquities of Constantinople" (Preface).

The author, Pierre Gilles (Petrus Gyllius or Gillius) (1490-1555) was a French naturalist, topographer and translator who extensively travelled and studied throughout the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. At first he was attracted to ichthyology and surveyed the sea and fish along the Mediterranean coast of France and the Adriatic Sea. The result of his work "De Vi et Natura Animalium"(1533) was dedicated to Francis I of France who later made Gilles the royal librarian.

Francis I was the first Christian monarch to start official diplomatic relations with the Ottoman Empire and in 1536, Pierre Gilles joined one of these embassies to Constantinople and the Holy Land. In 1544 he went to Constantinople and stayed there for four years, collecting ancient manuscripts and exploring the ruins of the old city. Having exhausted all his money and receiving no communication from France, Gilles, in order to survive, was forced to join the troops of the Turkish Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Thus, Gilles participated in the Turkish wars against the king of Persia and had the misfortune of losing all his collections. Finally he managed to inform France about his troubles and they sent him the money necessary to continue his explorations. Gilles visited the ruins of the city of Chalcedon in the Bithynia province. In 1548 in Aleppo he made the first detailed description of an elephant based on its dissection. Baron d'Aramont, the Ambassador of Francis I at the court of the Sultan, brought Gilles back to France in 1550.

Gilles has left many works, all written in Latin. He is considered one the founders of the ichthyology of the Renaissance and "the father of the French zoology". He was the first of the modern naturalist who described the internal organs of an elephant and a hippopotamus. Information from Gilles' books was used by Francois Rabelais in his famous "Gargantua and Pantagruel."

"The first illustrated edition" (Atabey 498); Gilles "accompanied D'Aramon's Embassy to the Porte in 1547, charged with collecting Greek Manuscripts and antiquities for Francois I of France. Gilles met Andre Thevet and travelled with him for a time in Asia" (Blackmer Collection 135-7); Weber (to 1801) 679. Pascal, Louis // Nouvelle Biographie Générale / M. Hoefer. Paris: Firmin Didot frères, fils, 1857. Vol. 20. P. 542-544.


36. Goldsmid , Sir Frederic John (1818-1908) et al.

Eastern Persia, An Account of the Journey of the Persian Boundary Commission 1870-71-72: Vol. 1: The Geography with Narratives by Majors St. John, Lovett, and Euan Smith and an Introduction by Major-General Sir Frederic John Goldsmith; Vol. 2: The Zoology and Geology by W.T. Blanford.

London: Macmillan and Co., 1876. First Edition. Octavo. 2 vols. lviii; [i]; viii ; 443; 516 pp. Vol. 1: With a woodcut frontispiece, one colored lithographed plate and three folded colored maps. Vol. 2: With a chromolithographed frontispiece, seventeen chromolithographed plates of mammals and birds by Keulemans, ten black and white lithographed plates of reptiles by Ford mainly from Southern Persia and Baluchistan and one folding colored map. Original publisher's dark green gilt cloth. A very good set.

The leader of the expedition Major-General Sir Frederic John Goldsmid served for the East India Company's army and supervised the establishment of the Indo-European Telegraph in 1861-1870. Being an expert in Hindustani, Persian, Turkish and Arabic, in 1870 he was "was appointed a commissioner for the delimitation of the boundary between Persia and Baluchistan. His award was eventually accepted by the shah's government. In the same year Goldsmid was entrusted with the even more delicate task of investigating the claims of Persia and Afghanistan to the province of Sistan. The arbitral award was published at Tehran on 19 August 1872; Persia was confirmed in the possession of Sistan, while a section of the Helmand was left in Afghan territory. The impartiality of the award satisfied neither party, but it had the desired effect of keeping the peace" (Oxford DNB).

The account of the expedition is divided into four sections: Narrative of the Journey; Geography; Geology; and Zoology. The Zoology and Geology sections comprising the second volume were produced by William Thomas Blanford (1832-1905). "In 1871 Blanford... Began what was perhaps his most important surveying appointment the India-Persia boundary commission. In connection with this work he visited Baluchistan, Tehran, the Alborz mountains, and the Caspian Sea. He returned to England through Russia and Moscow in September 1872. His extensive travels in the region resulted in his contribution on the geology and zoology in An Account of the Journeys of the Persian Boundary Commission (1876)" (Oxford DNB).

"One of the most important books on the region" (Ghani p. 153); "During the course of this work, in 1871-72, he travelled inland from Bandar-e 'Abbas to Kerman, then southeast through little-known regions of Baluchistan to arrive on the coast to the west of Karachi. Returning to Tehran, he continued along the ancient caravan route through Yazd and Kerman, then turned northwest to explore Sistan province on the border of Afghanistan. From here he made his way north to Mashhad and returned along the established route to Tehran" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental, G31).


37. Grandpré , L[ouis Marie Joseph Ohier Comte de] (1761-1846)

Voyage dans l'Inde et au Bengale, fait dans les anne´es 1789 et 1790 : Contenant la description des i^les Se´chelles et de Trinquemalay, des de´tails sur le caracte`re et les arts industrieux des peuples de l'Inde, la description de quelques pratiques religieuses des habitans du Bengale : suivi d'un voyage fait dans la mer rouge, contenant la description de Moka, et du commerce des Arabes de l'Ye´men; des de´tails sur leur caracte`re et leurs moeurs, etc. etc. [A Voyage in the Indian Ocean and to Bengal, undertaken in the years 1789 and 1790: containing An Account of the Sechelles Islands and Trincomale; The Character and Arts of the People of India;... To which is added, A Voyage in the Red Sea; including A Description of Mocha, and of the Trade of the Arabs of Yemen].

Paris: Dentu, An IX-1801. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [iv]; [iv] ; 288; 318; [1] pp. With seven copper engraved folding plates. Original publisher's pink papered wrappers with printed paper labels. A near fine uncut set.

"Louis de Grandpré was a French army officer who made an extensive tour of the Indian Ocean region in 1789-90, which was published in Paris in 1801 under the title Voyage dans l'Inde et au Bengale fait dans les années 1789 et 1790, contenant la description des îles Séchelles et de Trinquemaly. Grandpré began his voyage in the French-controlled Île de France (Isle of France), as Mauritius was called, passed by the Maldives, and visited the Seychelles, India, Cochin China (Vietnam), Yemen, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), where he toured the fortress of Trincomale on the eastern coast of the island. Grandpré was very much concerned with the relative influence of the different European powers in the places he visited, especially India. His work includes a detailed analysis of the position of the French at Pondicherry, the main center of French influence in India" (World Digital Library); Howgego P84.


38. Grant , James Augustus (1827-1892)

A Walk Across Africa or Domestic Scenes from my Nile Journal.

London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. xviii, 452, [1], [33] pp. With a large folding map in rear cover pocket. This issue without the very rarely present frontispiece portrait of Grant. Period style brown gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with gilt red morocco label and marbled boards. A very good copy.

"In 1852 Grant had spent some time shooting tigers with his friend and fellow Indian army officer, John Hanning Speke, who in 1859 invited his companion to join the Royal Geographical Society Nile expedition. Speke hoped to prove his contention that Lake Victoria, which he had discovered in 1858, was the source of the Nile. The two explorers and their porters now embarked on the ‘long walk' on which Palmerston was later to remark and so provide Grant with the title of his book, A Walk across Africa (1864). It took them inland from the east African coast to Tabora and then northwards around the western shores of Lake Victoria to the kingdom of Buganda and ultimately down the Nile valley to Egypt.., Grant shared in the fame which resulted from the expedition, receiving the Royal Geographical Society's gold medal in 1864" (Oxford DNB).

"Grant, a calm, unassuming man, proved an ideal counterpoise to the mercurial Speke. Their expedition provided further confirmation that Lake Victoria was the source of the Nile. They also traveled in previously unexplored regions of Uganda and made significant contributions in various fields. Grant was especially useful as a collector and natural historian, as was evidenced by his description of the expedition" (Delpar p. 171); Hess & Coger 267; Howgego, 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, S54.


39. Grosier , Jean Baptiste Gabriel Alexandre (1743-1823)

Description Générale de la Chine, Contenant, 1°. La Description topographique des quinze Provinces qui forment cet Empire, celle de la Tartarie.... [A General Description Of China: Containing The Topography Of The Fifteen Provinces Which Compose This Vast Empire; That Of Tartary, The Isles, And Other Tributary Countries].

Paris: Chez Moutard, 1787. First Illustrated Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxiv; [iv] ; 647; 512 pp. With an engraved folding map and fifteen copper engraved folding plates. 19th century brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards and brown gilt morocco labels. A very good set.

“It is a general description of China, originally intended as the 13th volume of De Mailla's history of China. Very rich in the observation and detail amassed by the Jesuits. Picture of an attractive country before semi-colonization set in" (Lust 30); A general survey covering the main Chinese provinces, Chinese Tartary, the bordering states, natural history of China, Chinese government, religion, manners and customs; and the literature, arts and sciences. "A considerable part of the work is devoted to natural history" (China Illustrata Nova II, 646 &651); Cordier Sinica 61; Cox I p.343.


40. Guillain , [Charles] (1808-1875)

Documents sur l'Histoire, la Géographie et le Commerce de l'Afrique Orientale. Publiés par Ordre du Gouvernement. [Documents on the History, Geography and Trade of East Africa. Issued by Order of the Government].

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, [1856-1857]. First Edition. 3 vols. Octavo & Folio Atlas. xxxi, [i], 628; xxiii, 556; [iv], 527 pp. Text with an engraved plan and a folding table and atlas with eleven engraved maps (five folding), forty-five tinted lithographed plates, some after daguerreotypes. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled quarter morocco with marbled boards and green vellum tips. A very good set.

"Charles Guillain visited the Indian Ocean coasts of Africa and the Portuguese settlements in India aboard the Du Couedic between January 1846 and May 1849. He was appointed member of a commission in 1858 to investigate new possibilities of French emigration to the colonies, and governor of New Caledonia in 1861" (Sothebys). Guillain's Documents sur l'Histoire is also one of the only sources for the travels of Eugene Maizan (1819-1845). "Possibly the first European to penetrate East Africa.., Maizan proceeded as far as the district of Deje-la-Mhora, on the Uzaramo plateau about 80-150 kilometers from the coast, when he was set upon by Mazangera tribesmen under sub-chief Hembe, and bound to a calabash tree and savagely murdered.., [Guillain's Documents sur l'Histoire is] considered the finest account of East Africa for the period" (Howgego 1800-1850, M6); Guillain "sailed down the Indian Ocean coast and went ashore at Mogadishu, Marca, and Baraawe, penetrating some distance inland and collecting valuable geographic and ethnographic information" (Encyclopaedia Britannica Online); Gay 236; Hess & Coger 272; Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 280.


41. H[owell] , W[illiam]

Some Interesting Particulars of the Second Voyage Made by the Missionary Ship, The Duff; Which was Captured by the Buonaparte Privateer in the Year 1800.

Knaresborough: Hargrove & Sons, 1809. First Edition, Presentation Copy with a Signed Note from the Author. Octavo. 288 pp. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. A very good copy.

With an autograph note by the author, " Wm Howell presents his kindest respects to Dr. Murray - he hopes Doctor will do him the pleasure to accept a copy of his Narrative as a small acknowledgement of the Doctors numerous favours / Saturday 19th Augt. ".

"When The Duff returned to Britain it was immediately sent back to Tahiti with thirty more missionaries. Unfortunately this journey was disastrous. Captured by French privateers, the Duff was sold by its captors. The expense of the journey cost the Missionary Society ten thousand pounds, which was initially devastating to the society. Gradually it recovered, however, and in 1807 was able to establish a mission in China under Robert Morrison" (Wikipedia).


42. Hanway , Jonas (1712-1786)

An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea. With a Journal of Travels from London through Russia into Persia; and back Through Russia, Germany and Holland. To which are added, The revolutions of Persia during the present century, with the particular history of the great usurper Nadir Kouli.

London: Dodsley et al, 1753. First Edition. Quarto, 4 vols. bound in 3. xx; xv, [i]; xv; xv, [i] ; 399; 374, [15]; 255; 301, [20] pp. With four copper engraved frontispieces, fifteen other copper engraved plates and nine folding engraved maps. Later period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with grey papered boards and red and green gilt morocco labels. A very good set.

The author "travelled to Russia in 1743 where he entered into a partnership with a certain Mr. Dingley, a merchant at St. Petersburg. In that year Hanway set out southward from Moscow with a caravan of woollen goods, followed the Volga and the western shores of the Caspian Sea, and arrived in Persia where he traded in the north of the country and along the Caspian coast. While there, according to his narrative published in 1753, he suffered many hardships and adventures. At Astrabad, his furthest east, he was robbed by Qajar rebels but, after visiting the shah at Hamadan, won compensation for his stolen goods. He returned in 1745 by way of the Caspian and Volga, and in 1750 returned to London, where, having amassed a considerable fortune, he retired from trade and 1753 published an account of his travels" (Howgego H21).

"Hanway was a well known traveller and philanthropist, popularly remembered as the pioneer user of the umbrella" (Cox I, p. 255); "One of the earliest accounts of the Caspian region by a European" (Ghani p. 167). "On 18 February 1743 he joined the Russia Company as junior partner with Charles Dingley and Henry Klencke, and took ship for Riga in April, and thence travelled overland to St Petersburg, where he was soon engaged in fitting out an expedition to Persia by way of the Caspian Sea. Hanway's mission was to sell English broadcloth for Persian silk and to evaluate the potential of trade with Persia, then ruled by the last great steppe conqueror, Shah Nadir Kuli Khan (1688-1747). A trans-Caspian trade had been pioneered by the Muscovy Company in 1566, but it was a tenuous link, dependent on political stability in central Asia and the co-operation of rulers in both Persia and Russia both of which were distant hopes in Hanway's time.

With only an English clerk, a Russian menial servant, a Tartar boy, and a Russian soldier, Hanway travelled to Moscow and thence to Astrakhan, where he boarded a British ship, the Empress of Russia, which conveyed him across the Caspian to Langarud. His destination was Mashhad, but his caravan was captured on the way by rebellious Khyars, allied to Turkomans from the steppes to the north. Robbed of his goods, and forced to flee in disguise along the bleak southern shores of the Caspian, he was rescued by merchant colleagues. He was later partially compensated by Nadir Shah, who desired cordial relations with the British in order to enlist British artisans to construct a Persian navy for the Caspian. However, Hanway, and those who sent him, had underestimated the insecurity of the route while exaggerating the potential of the trade. In retrospect he concluded that the trade held no great promise, for Persia was too poor and Russia was wholly disinclined to see the expansion of Persian power on its southern frontier. From these adventures he derived his motto in later life, ‘Never Despair'. Hanway spent the next five years in St Petersburg, trying to revive his trade and reputation, before he returned to Britain via Germany and the Netherlands, in October 1750" (Oxford DNB).


43. Hippisley , G[ustavus] Died 1831

A Narrative of the Expedition to the Rivers Orinoco and Apure, in South America; Which Sailed from England in November 1817, and Joined the Patriotic Forces in Venezuela and Caraccas.

London: John Murray, 1819. First Edition. Octavo. xix , 653 pp. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards with a brown gilt morocco label. Extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.

"An interesting account of the barbarous war between the Spanish Royalists and the Republicans in Venezuela, and of the British Brigade, the majority of whom died from disease and exposure. Casting doubt on the final triumph of Bolivar, owing to his utter incompetence, etc." (Maggs); Howgego 1800-1850, B43. "Written by a disillusioned English idealist to save his countrymen "from becoming the victims of jealousy, treachery, falsehood, and oppression" (Swanns); Sabin 31988; Welch p.256.


44. Hutton , William

A Voyage to Africa: Including a Narrative of an Embassy to one of the Interior Kingdoms, in the year 1820; with Remarks on the Course and Termination of the Niger, and Other Principal Rivers in that Country.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1821. First Edition. Octavo. x, 488 pp. With two folding maps and four hand-colored aquatints on plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled treed full calf with a red gilt morocco label. Hinges cracked but holding, extremities mildly rubbed, Title page with expertly removed library marking, otherwise a very good copy.

The author's journey closely followed the route of Thomas Edward Bowdich's "Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee." "The author was acting consul for Ashantee, and an officer of the African Company" (Bonhams). The book contains an account of the author's journey to Kumasi and includes a vocabulary and short grammar of the Ashanti and Fanti languages. Also included is a account of the murder of Mr. Meredith, the governor of Winnebah Fort in 1812. Abbey Travel, 280; Gay 2871; Hess & Coger 6404; Cardinall 563.


45. Kotzebue , Otto von (1787-1846)

Entdeckungs-Reise in die Süd-See und nach der Berings-Strasse zur Erforschung einer nordo¨stlichen Durchfahrt : unternommen in den Jahren 1815, 1816, 1817 und 1818 auf Kosten Sr. Erlaucht des Herrn Reichs-Kanzlers Grafen Rumanzoff auf dem Schiffe Rurick unter dem Befehle des Lieutenants der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Marine, Otto von Kotzebue. [A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea, and Beerings Straits, for the Purpose of Exploring a North-East Passage, undertaken in the Years 1815--1818, at the Expense of his Highness the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff, in the Ship Rurick, under the Command of the Lieutenant in the Russian Imperial Navy, Otto Von Kotzebue].

Weimar: Gebruedern Hoffmann, 1821. First Edition. Quarto 3 vols. in one. xviii, [iii], 168; 176; [i], 240 pp. 6 engraved maps, 5 folding, 19 hand-coloured aquatint plates from drawings by Choris, 4 double-page, 1 black and white plate, Handsome brown period style elaborately gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards. With an expertly removed library marking on title page, otherwise a near fine copy.

"First Edition on laid paper with all the aquatint plates finely coloured by hand, of the second Russian circumnavigation and the first for scientific purposes, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, one of Russia's greatest patrons of the sciences. It proved to be one of the most important and fruitful of all Russian circumnavigations, contributing greatly to knowledge of the South Seas, Pacific Northwest and Alaska, although without finding the North-West Passage (here termed the North-East by Kotzebue). [Kotzebue] commanded the Rurick and knew the North Pacific well from his earlier voyage with Krusenstern. With him were Louis Choris, expedition artist, and Adelbert von Chamisso, naturalist. Their valuable study of Pacific islands included Easter Island, the Tuamotus, Marshalls and the newly-discovered Romanzoff Islands, and Kotzebue's reports on coral atolls were later used by Charles Darwin. Reaching Kamchatka they passed through Bering Strait, explored Kotzebue Sound, and investigated the Pribilof Islands and Aleutians, recording excellent descriptions of the Chukchis, Aleuts and Eskimos. Before crossing the Pacific they made stops on the California coast, at San Francisco, followed by a long stay in Hawaii at the court of King Kamehameha I, handsomely portrayed by Choris. Choris' own illustrated account of the voyage was published in 1822" (Christies).


"The second Russian expedition into the Pacific for scientific exploration, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, was commanded by Lieutenant Kotzebue, and also included the famous artist Ludovik Choris. Kotzebue had also sailed with Captain Kruzenshtern in 1803-06. Leaving Kronstadt in 1815, the Rurik rounded Cape Horn and visited Chile, Easter Island, and the Marshall Islands. Kotzebue explored the North American coast and Hawaii and searched unsuccessfully for a passage to the Arctic Ocean. The description of the northwest coast of America is a most important contribution" (Hill 943); Arctic Bibliography 9195. "A Celebrated narrative important for its descriptions of Alaska, California, Hawaii and Micronesia" (Forbes 525); Howgego 1800-1850, K20; "The three volumes are rich in early original source material on Alaska" (Lada-Mocarski 80); Sabin 38284.


46. Laing , Major Alexander Gordon (1794-1826)

Travels in the Timannee, Kooranko, and Soolina Countries, in Western Africa.

London: John Murray, 1825. First Edition. Octavo. x, [ii], 465 pp. With seven aquatint plates and one folding engraved map. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Recased using the original spine, otherwise a very good copy.

In this book Laing describes his expedition in 1822, during which he explored regions which had only been known by name up to then. He went to Falaba, the capital of the Sulima, where he was prevented from going on by the war of the Ashanti. During his next expedition he was the first European to reach Timbuktu but was killed on his further journey.

"In 1821 the government decided that there were commercial and political advantages to be gained by establishing contact with some of the peoples of the interior, and at the end of the year the governor of Sierra Leone, Sir Charles McCarthy, proposed a mission to Kambia and the Mandingo Country. Laing was chosen to lead the expedition and set out in January 1822, proceeding first to Malacouri, a Mandingo town on the river Malageea. There he learned that Sannassee, the chief of the district of Malageea and a friend of the British government, had been captured by Amara, the king of the Soolimas, and was about to be put to death. Laing therefore resolved to go to the Soolima camp and intercede for the life of Sannassee. He crossed the Malageea near its source, reached the camp, negotiated the release of Sannassee, then returned to the coast" (Howgego 1800-1850, L5)". "His Travels, published in 1825, give a lively account of his adventures, including not only observations on the customs of the peoples he encountered, illustrated with his own rather amateurish drawings and a good map, but also an oral history of Solima Yalunka back to the seventeenth century, useful to later historians. Laing was transferred to the Gold Coast in 1823 and edited the first newspaper to be published there. Then, stationed on the frontier, he participated in some skirmishes with the Asante army before the disastrous battle of Nsamanko, in which MacCarthy and almost all his men were killed" (Oxford DNB).


47. Lesson , [René] P[rimevere] (1794-1849)

Voyage Autour du Monde Entrepris par Ordre du Gouvernement sur la Corvette la Coquille. [Voyage Around the World in the Corvette La Coquille Undertaken by Order of the Government].

Paris: P. Pourrat Frères, 1838-9. First Edition. Octavo 2 vols. [iv], 510, [2]; [iv], 547, [2] pp. With two engraved title vignettes, one engraved portrait frontispiece, twenty-three other engraved plates (some folding) and nineteen hand colored plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full mottled sheep with red and olive gilt morocco labels. Some mild foxing of some plates, otherwise a very good set.

"Commanded by Louis Isidore Duperrey, this voyage of 1822-25 was largely scientific in purpose, calling at Brazil and the Falkland Islands, and then rounding Cape Horn and sailing up the coast visiting Concepcion, Callao, and Payta. Heading towards the Tuamotu Archipelago, Duperrey discovered Clermont Tonnerre (Reao) and then proceeded to Tahiti. In June 1823, the 'Coquille' sailed for Port Jackson via Tonga, the Santa Cruz Island, New Britain, New Ireland, and the Moluccas. In 1824 Duperrey had arrived in the Bay of Islands at New Zealand. He sailed to Rotuma, the Gilberts, the Carolines, New Guinea and Java before making his way home.The expedition achieved notable scientific results and corrections in maps, accumulated much meteorological data, and brought back many rock samples and botanical specimens. Lesson was the naturalist of this expedition, and his account of the voyage supplies details which Duperrey failed to include in his own account" (Hill 1012); Howgego 1800-1850, D37; O'Reilly-Reitman 828; Sabin 40214.


48. MacFarlane , Charles (1799-1858)

Constantinople in 1828: a residence of sixteen months in the Turkish capital and provinces : with an account of the present state of the naval and military power, and of the resources of the Ottoman empire. To which is added an appendix, containing remarks and observations to the autumn of 1829.

London: Saunders and Otley, 1829. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxvii, [i]; viii , 517; 491 pp. With two hand colored aquatint frontispieces, one folding tinted lithograph and one folding aquatint. Period brown gilt tooled polished full calf, rebacked in style using original brown gilt morocco labels. Some mild foxing of the folding plates, otherwise a very good set.

"MacFarlane travelled to Turkey in 1827-8. This was a critical period in Turkish history, following the Battle of Navarino and the ending of the Greek revolution, and the renewal of Russian ambitions in the East" (Atabey 741-2); Abbey Travel 393. "MacFarlane resided in Constantinople for sixteen months, and there is a long description of the city and of Smyrna" (Balckmer Sale 798). "In 1827 he travelled to Turkey and spent sixteen months in Constantinople and the surrounding provinces. On returning to Britain in February 1829 he published his first book, Constantinople in 1828. Both a travelogue and a recent history of Turkey, this extensive work was enlivened by occasional lively descriptions of everyday events, but was imbued with MacFarlane's rampant racial prejudices against Armenians, Jews, and (to a lesser degree) Turks, which were only moderated by his obvious susceptibility to all varieties of Eastern women" (Oxford DNB). This copy with the folding view of Constantinople, not present in all copies.


49. McDougall , George F. (c.1825-1871)

The Eventful Voyage of the H.M. Discovery Ship "Resolute" to the Arctic Regions in Search of Sir John Franklin and the Missing Crews of H.M. Discovery Ships "Erebus" and "Terror," 1852, 1853, 1854. To Which is Added an Account of her Being Fallen in with by an American Whaler After her Abandonment in Barrow Straits, and of her Presentation to Queen Victoria by the Government of the United States.

London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts, 1857. First Edition. Octavo. xl , 530, [1], 24 pp. With 8 chromolithographs, 24 woodcuts, and a hand colored folding map. Original brown blind stamped patterned gilt cloth. Some moderate foxing, otherwise a very good copy.

"The Resolute, commanded by Captain Henry Kellett, formed part of the five-ship search force sent out under the overall command of Rear Admiral Sir Edward Belcher. Leaving one ship, The North Star, at Beechey Island as a base, the other four ships made important explorations as they searched unsuccessfully for Franklin. In May of 1854, convinced that the four ships could not be freed from the ice, Belcher ordered the squadron abandoned. Kellet objected strongly, believing the abandonment premature. Later naval historians have tended to agree with Kellett. The crews traveled over the ice for two weeks, until they reached the North Star and returned in her to England. The Resolute freed herself from the ice and drifted unharmed for a thousand miles before being recovered and ultimately presented to Queen Victoria" (Hill 1124); "Kellett and McClintock turned their attention to the search for Franklin's expedition and the exploration of new lands in the vicinity of Melville Island" (Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, B15); Arctic Bibliography 10603; Sabin 43183.


50. Mengin , Felix

Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly, ou recit des Evenemens Politiques et Militaires qui ont eu lieu depuis le Depart des Francais jusqu'en 1823. [History of Egypt under the Government of Muhammad Ali, or a narrative of political and military events that have occurred since the departure of the French until 1823].

Paris: A. Bertrand, 1823. First Edition. Octavo 3 vols, & Folio Atlas. 8, xlvii, 464; [iv], 644, [1]; [4], [4] pp. With ten lithographs on plates, a double page plan and a large folding map and a four page table loosely housed in an atlas portfolio. Atlas portfolio in original publisher's green papered boards with printed blue paper labels. Text recently rebound to match atlas in green papered boards with printed blue paper labels. Text in browned sections and foxed, otherwise a very good set.

The map as well as the text covers the Arabian Penisula and Egypt. "Felix Mengin was a French historian, he wrote a several books about the history of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries. he came to Egypt with Napoléon Bonaparte's mission" (Wikipedia); "Mengin, son-in-law of Caffe, agent for the French consul, was resident in Cairo for many years as a merchant. He acted as Chateaubriand's host in Cairo in 1806. Mengin was one of Mehmet Ali's apologists" (Atabey 802;. Ibrahim Hilmy II, p.30. "Mehemet Ali became the Pacha in 1807, serving in the name of the Sultan of Constantinople. After the departure of Lesseps, Drovetti had the official responsibilities and Felix Mengin, a merchant at Cairo, took the interim of the French affairs. As did Lesseps, Drovetti considered Mehmet Ali as the only person able to restore order in Egypt; he tried to understand his intention and he assured him of French support" (Journal of the International Napoleonic Society).


51. Mohr , Edward (1828-1876)

To the Victoria Falls of the Zambesi ... Translated by N. D'Anvers.

London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1876. First Edition. Octavo. xiv, 462, 36 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, four chromolithographed plates, eleven wood-engraved plates, and a folding map. Early 20th century period style maroon gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Some mild finger soiling, spine faded and mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.

"A German sportsman, Mohr travelled to the Victoria Falls partly for the sake of hunting, partly in the hope of making geographical discoveries. After landing at Cape Town, he and his companions ventured into the interior, crossing the Tugela River and enjoying a wide variety of sport ... an excellent work of exploration and sport" (Czech p116). "Mohr had been fired [up] by the accounts of Carl Mauch's discoveries, and set out on an expedition, "partly for the sake of hunting, partly in the hope of making geographical discoveries" He was joined by Mr. Adolph Huebner, the expedition [was] financed by Dr. August Petermann ..., Mohr [reached] the Victoria Falls on June 20 1870" (Mendelssohn II, 32-33). "The first German to set eyes on the Victoria Falls, fifteen years after their discovery by Livingstone. Mohr was a competent botanist, entomologist and zoologist and a map-maker, which led to his friendship with the explorer Thomas Baines" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, M76); Hess & Coger 3086.


52. Müller , G[erhard] P. [Friedrich] (1705-1783)

Voyages et Découvertes faites par les Russes le long des côtes de la Mer Glaciale et sur l'Océan Oriental, tant vers le Japon que vers l'Amerique. On y a joint L'Histoire du fleuve Amur et des pays adjacens, depuis la conquête des Russes. [Voyages and Discoveries made by the Russians along the coast of the Arctic Ocean and the Eastern Ocean, both in Japan and America. With the History of the River Amur and adjacent countries, since the conquest by Russia] / Translated from the German into French by C.G.F. Dumas.

Amsterdam: Marc-Michel Rey, 1766. First French edition. Small Octavo, 2 vols. in one. x, [2] 388; iv, 207 [25 – Table des Matieres, Advertisements] pp. With a large folding engraved map. Handsome period full polished mottled calf, spine gilt lettered with red morocco label, edges coloured. A near fine copy.

The first French translation of Müller's very important description of the Great Northern Expedition to Kamchatka and the Northwest coast of America (1733-43) under the command of Vitus Bering and with a history of Russian discoveries in the Arctic and Pacific oceans made up to 1749. The book was published for the first time in Saint Petersburg in 1758; both a Russian (in ‘Ezhemesiachnie Sochineniia' magazine, Jan-May, Jul-Nov 1758) and a German (Sammlung Russischer Geschichte, B. III) versions were issued the same year.

The significance of Müller's work is found in the many first hand reports and manuscript accounts discovered by him in Yakutsk and Irkutsk archives while working there as a member of Bering's expedition. His publications were the main source of original material for both European and Russian scientific communities. As Sabin notes, it is "indispensable for the history of discovery and exploration in the Northern Pacific." Professor Golder considered Miller's work "the most important book" about Bering's expedition and added that "although a lot of ink and paper has been spent to describe Bering's voyage since then [1758], little has been added to what had been already known to us from Müller's work" (Golder, Bering's Voyages, vol. 1. New York, 1922, p. 352-353).

Müller compiled his work as a refutation to a somewhat controversial publication by Nicolas Delisle who had left Russian Academy of Sciences with a scandal in 1747. Delisle account based on intelligence gathered by his brother, Delisle de la Croyère, who was an astronomer of Bering's expedition 1733-43. Nicolas Delisle's map Carte des nouvelles découvertes au nord de la mer du Sud, tant à l'est de la Sibérie et du Kamtschatka , and the text explanation Explication de la carte des nouvelles découvertes (both published in Paris, 1752) contained several significant errors and inaccuracies. On special assignment of the President of Russian Academy, Müller made a map entitled Nouvelle Carte decouvertes faites par des vaisseaux Russiens aux cotes inconnues de l'Amerique Septentrionale avec les Pais Adiacents which was first published in 1754 (only a few copies printed, Lada-Mocarski) and then in 1758, with significant additions and improvements it was re-issued. The map showed the territory from the Ob river to the Pacific, and "confirmed the existence of a body of water between Asia and America, the subject of much dispute prior to that time; it was the first to give an approximate picture of what is now the Alaskan peninsula" (Lathrop Harper Auctions). This 1758 map was included in the first French edition.

One of the most notable paragraphs of Müller's work contains the first description of Semen Dezhnev's expedition through the strait between Asia and America in 1648, which will be later called Bering Strait, thus determining that Dezhnev was the discoverer of the strait. "This fact was forgotten in the following 88 years and would be completely lost if it were not for Müller's search in the archives of Yakutsk" (Lada-Mocarski, p. 78).

Müller also tried to give a historical proof for Russia's rights for Bering Strait and the adjacent American territories. The same goal lies behind the second article, which describes the Amur River and all its tributaries. It was compiled in 1740 on the urgent assignment from Russian Empress Anna Ioannovna, who wanted to use it as a basis for establishing the new border with China. Müller notes about Amur's importance in possible future navigations to Japan, Kamchatka, trade with India and China and very carefully hints at the possibilities of Russian colonial annexions in the Pacific: "our intentions about Japan and the American discoveries will be easier to realise." The article was first published in Russian in 1757 (‘Ezhemesiachnie Sochineniia, Jul-Oct); and in German in Büsching's Magazin (Bd II).

The book is supplemented with an index of subjects and personal and geographical names, and Rey's catalogue of books to sale. This French translation by Charles Guillaume Frédéric Dumas (ca. 1725-1780) “is said to be fuller and far superior to the English translation published by Jefferys in 1761” (Hill 1201). Howes M-875; Sabin 51286; Wickersham 6333; Wagner, Cartography, 615; Lada-Mocarski (German & English editions. only) 15 & 17; Miller, History of Siberia (3 vols., Moscow, 2000-2005).


53. Nares , Captain Sir George S. (1831-1915)

Journals and Proceedings of the Arctic Expedition, 1875-6.

London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1877. First Edition With a Carte de Viste Photograph of Nares. Folio. vii , 484 pp. With text illustrations plus nine uncolored maps (seven folding), seven colored maps (six folding), and sixteen plates (twelve folding). Period navy patterned gilt lettered full cloth. A near fine copy.

With a Carte de Viste Photograph of Nares produced by J. Griffin & Co. London ca. 1878.

This work is the official British government report of the Arctic Expedition of 1876- 7 commanded by Captain George S. Nares. The expedition's primary objective was to attain the highest northern latitude and, if possible, to reach the North Pole, and from winter quarters to explore the adjacent coasts within the reach of traveling parties. The expedition was the first to sail ships through the channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island and as far north as the Lincoln Sea. A sledging party under Captain Albert Hastings Markham also set a new record on land, reaching as far north as 83° 20'.

The "British Arctic expedition of 1875-6, in the vessels Alert and Discovery, [had] the chief aim of which was to reach the north pole. Reports of the American expeditions of Isaac Israel Hayes, 1860-61, and C. F. Hall, 1870-73, had revived the belief in an open polar sea and suggested that land extended far to the north, west of Robeson Channel. Both these theories proved to be wrong, but at the time they indicated the Smith Sound route as the best line of advance to the pole. The vessels sailed on 29 May 1875 and reached winter quarters on the coast of Grinnell Land (Ellesmere Island), the Discovery in latitude 81°44' N., and the Alert, with Nares, in latitude 82°27' N ‘the most northerly point hitherto reached in the Canadian Arctic' (Levere, 281).

The following spring sledge parties were sent out. That led by Lieutenant Pelham Aldrich of the Alert explored the north coast of Ellesmere Island westwards. They reached its most northerly point (Cape Columbia) and continued to Cape Alfred Ernest (Alert Point) before turning back, having charted some 400 km of new coastline (Hattersley-Smith, 121). Lieutenant Lewis A. Beaumont of the Discovery followed the coast of Greenland northwards to Sherard Osborn Fjord. Meanwhile, a party led by Commander A. H. Markham of the Alert struck out over the ice in an attempt to get to the pole. They reached 83°20' N, a heroic achievement considering that the pack ice was extremely rough, and also drifting south almost as fast as they were travelling northwards. Their experience and an outbreak of scurvy affecting both ships led Nares to call off the entire expedition and return home early, in the late summer of 1876" (Oxford DNB).

This official work includes reports of the expedition's two ships, the Alert and the Discovery, and various autumn 1875 and spring 1876 traveling parties (including journals of the various sledge parties). The volume provides incredible detail concerning the daily activities and experience of the expedition, including descriptions of the ice, weather, wildlife, vegetation, and the health and activities of the members of the expedition. The appendix (Nares' report on the quality and quantity of the provisions) is also of great interest, noting which supplies were particularly worthwhile and which items were useless. Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions N6.


54. Niebuhr , Carsten (1733-1815) & Michaelis , J. D. (1717-1791)

Voyage en Arabie & en d'Autres Pays Circonvoisins: 2 vols.

[With] Description de L'Arabie, faite Sur des observations propres et des avis recueillis dans les lieux mêmes.

[With] Michaelis, (J. D.). Recueil de Questions, proposée à une Société de savants, qui par Ordre de sa Majesté Danoise font le Voyage de L `Arabie. Par Monsieur Michaélis.

[Travels to Arabia [With] Description of Arabia [With] Collection of Questions].

Amsterdam & Utrecht: S . J. Baalde & J. Van Schoonhoven et al., 1774-1780. First Amsterdam French Editions. Quarto four volume set. [i], viii, [vi], 409, [1]; [i], iv, [x], 389, [1]; [i], xlii, 372; [i], xliv, [ii], 256, [16], 38, [12], [1] pp. Complete with 150 engraved maps and plates, many folding and some hand colored. Very handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with red, green, and yellow gilt labels. With a couple of private library markings, otherwise a near fine set.

Rare complete set of Niebuhr's and Michaelis' works.

"Niebuhr joined the expedition for the exploration of Egypt, Arabia and Syria organized in 1760 by Frederick V of Denmark.., [The expedition] left Denmark in January 1761 for Egypt, where they made the ascent of the Nile, journeyed to Suez and Mount Sinai, went to Jiddah and from there travelled overland to Mocha which they reached in 1763. Conditions were so severe that all the members of the expedition except for Niebuhr had died by the end of the stay in Mocha. Niebuhr himself reached India and returned overland via Persia, Syria, Cyprus and Constantinople" (Atabey 873).

"Niebuhr was warmly welcomed back to Denmark, and the government provided the financial assistance for the engraving of all the plates of his travels, which were presented to him as a free gift. He immediately set about writing an official report on the expedition, and his maps remained in use for over 100 years" (Howgego N24). "This is a justly famous and popular work. Niebuhr, though German born, took part as astronomer and naturalist in the Royal Danish expedition to Arabia, 1763-67. His accounts are probably the best and most authentic of their day. Though Arabia was his chief concern, his travels extended into Egypt, Persia, and Hindustan" (Cox I p.237).

"Niebuhr was the only survivor of an expedition sent by the King of Denmark to Arabia. Amongst the other members were the philologist van Haven, the naturalist Forskal, a surgeon and an artist: none of whom survived. The present detailed works cover most aspects of the trip, but concentrate largely on the journey itself: the expedition travelled via Constantinople, to Cairo, then Arabia: the Yemen, Persia, Syria and Palestine. The expedition acted as a spur to the study of cuneiform: as Niebuhr returned with a large number of examples, particularly from Persepolis" (Christies).


55. Orlich , Captain Leopold von (1804-1860)

Travels in India, Including Sinde and the Punjab. Translated from German by H. Evans Lloyd.

London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1845. First English Edition. Octavo. xv; vii ; 278; 314 2, 32; 2 pp . With a chromolithographed and tinted lithographed frontispieces, two folding tables and wood engravings in text. Original green gilt publisher's cloth with ornamental blind stamping. The spines are slightly faded and with some mild foxing of the first few pages of vol. 1, otherwise a very good set.

Leopold von Orlich was a renowned Prussian writer and historian and an officer in the Prussian Emperor Alexander Regiment. In 1842 he came to India to participate in the Kabul Campaign of the British army, but came too late and joined the army on its victorious way back. Thence he widely travelled across India "to make himself acquainted with that remarkable country, which has been visited by very few of his countrymen" (Preface).

Orlich had opportunity to get very interesting information as his personal friend was Colonel Sykes, a director of the East India Company at the time; "The very cordial reception which this distinguished officer met with from the various civil and military functionaries, and the marked attention with which he was honoured by Lord Ellenborough, together with his visit to the native princes of Sinde, Lahore and Oude, have enabled him to collect ample materials, which he has wrought into a highly interesting narrative"(Preface). In a letter dated 1843 and addressed to Maharaja Shere Singh, the British Governor General Lord Ellenborough introduced Orlich as "of the guards of his Majesty the King of Prussia, whom his Majesty had sent to witness the campaign in Afghanistan. Capt. Orlich has been a witness to the recent evidences of the mutual friendship of the two allied governments; and I rejoice he will be enabled to report to his sovereign that our alliance endures forever".

The author "travelled from London to Kuraschy and Sakkar. At Ferospur he finally caught up with the army of the East India Company but had by that time missed out on most of the action. He therefore decided to spend his time acquiring a greater understanding of the subcontinent, about which little was known in his own country" (Howgego 1800-1850, I1). "About the journey to Bombay, Poona, Sind, Ferozepur, Bhawalpur, Hyderabad, Ahmedpur, Punjab, Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow...,etc" (Kaul Travels 596).

The book is composed in the form of letters to Alexander von Humboldt and Carl Ritter and is supplemented with a detailed subject index. First German edition was published in Leipzig on the same year as the English edition. Leopold von Orlich took his discharge in 1848 as Major and from then on he lived mostly in England. He is the author of several historical works dedicated to the Prussian and Indian history. One of the only important travel narratives of 19th century British India by a German. Lipperheide 1495.


56. Owen , Captain W[illiam]. F[itzwilliam]. W[entworth] (1774-1857)

Narrative of Voyages to Explore the Shores of Africa, Arabia, and Madagascar; Performed in H. M. Ships Leven and Barracouta, Under the Direction of Captain W. F. W. Owen, R.N. By Command of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.

London: Richard Bentley, 1833. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxiii, 434; viii, 420 pp. With five lithographed plates, four large folding engraved charts and five wood-engraved illustrations in text. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with brown patterned cloth boards and brown gilt morocco labels. Plates mildly foxed, otherwise a very good set.

"In 1822 [Owen] was appointed by the Admiralty to command an expedition to survey the coast of East Africa. Remarkably, because no particular European nation had until that time felt a necessity for accurate charts, none existed. The survey team, with their flagship HMS Leven and support vessel Barracouta, started out in January 1822 and worked their way eastwards from Cape Town, then along the coast of Mozambique and the western coast of Madagascar.., Owen's charts remained in use for nearly a century and his remarks were still being reproduced in the Africa Pilot as late as 1893" (Howgego 1800-1850, O11). This voyage "is chiefly known for [its] highly accurate surveys, many of which formed the basis of the charts that were used well into the twentieth century" (Christies).

"Owen was appointed in 1821 to the sloop Leven, in which, with the brig Barracouta also under his command, he was instructed to survey the east coast of Africa from the boundary of Cape Colony to Cape Gardafui. The squadron arrived at Simonstown in July 1822, and returned there from their last surveying season in September 1825, having surveyed some 20,000 miles of coast, depicted in almost 300 charts" (Oxford DNB); "The journals of Captain Owen and his officers.., contain a large amount of varied information respecting many portions of Africa in the first quarter of the nineteenth century" (Mendelssohn II, p. 133); NMMC 221.


57. Park , Mungo (1771-1806)

Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa: performed in the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797. With an Account of a Subsequent Mission to that Country in 1805. To which is added an Account of the Life of Mr. Park. A New Edition. With an Appendix Containing Illustrations of Africa by Major Rennell.

London: John Murray, 1816-1815. New Edition, Most Complete. Quarto, 2 vols. xviii, [ii], 458; xvii, [i], 373 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, five other copper engraved plates and four folding engraved maps (two outline hand colored). Later period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with brown cloth boards and brown gilt morocco labels. A near fine set.

Park "was the first of modern Europeans to reach the well-nigh fabulous waters of the Niger" (Cox I, p.395-6). "In 1794 Park offered his services to the African Association, the intention being to follow the route pioneered by Daniel Houghton across West Africa in an attempt to reach the River Niger.., His offer was accepted and it was decided to recruit fifty more men to act as his escort. Impatient to depart, however, Park sailed alone, telling his brother that there was no doubt that he would "acquire a greater name than any ever did." He took with him a letter of credit for 200 pounds and an introduction to a fellow Scot, Dr. John Laidley, who ran a slave-trading post on the Gambia River and had seen Houghton off on his fatal journey.., After following Houghton's route to Medina he diverted slightly northward to Kayes and reached Simbing where he was shown the site of Houghton's death. At Jarra, Park entered the Moorish kingdom of Ludamar, where he was subjected to every kind of abuse.., Robbed of his last possessions, he eventually succeeded in entering Bambara country to the southeast, where the natives were fortunately friendly. Having joined a group of refugees travelling east, he reached Segou on the River Niger, where he was at last able to confirm that the river flowed towards the east. Induced to leave Segou, he continued northeast along the Niger, travelling through Sansanding and reaching the village of Silla. At Silla he decided to make his way back.., Warmly received in London, Park, spent the next year writing his immensely popular Travels into the Interior of Africa .., In September 1804 he was summoned to London to organize a new expedition.., The expedition traced the earlier return route as far as Bamako, then descended the Niger as far as Bussa (in Nigeria). There, with Lieutenant Martyn and two soldiers, he died (April 1806?) by drowning during a native attack" (Howgego P21).

"Together with Bryan Edwards, the secretary of the African Association, Park drew up a draft account of his travels for the members of the association. James Rennell added a map which showed the Niger flowing eastward (as Park had seen it) and petering out into a vast swamp. Park then returned to Selkirk and wrote up the draft for publication. His Travels , published in 1799, was a best-seller. Three editions were printed during the first year, and it was immediately translated into French and German, and eventually other languages. Written in a straightforward, unpretentious, narrative style, it gave readers their first realistic description of everyday life in west Africa, depicted without the censorious, patronizing contempt which so often has disfigured European accounts of Africa. For though Park disliked what he perceived as the superstitions of paganism and the bigotry of Islam, and regretted that 200 years of acquaintance with Europeans had left them totally ignorant of Christianity, he presented the people he met as people basically like himself. Having shared their activities, he recorded their joys and sorrows sympathetically, admiring what he thought admirable, and deploring what he thought deplorable. In it he comes over personally as an attractively modest figure, anxious to impart information but without making it boring or pedantic, and making light of his recollected adventures. The volume included as appendices a Mandinka vocabulary, Rennell's comments on the apparent implications of his geographical discoveries, and a women's song he had recorded, turned into verse by the duchess of Devonshire, and printed with accompanying music by G. G. Ferrari.., Park's death put a stop to the quest for the Niger until after the Napoleonic wars, and it was 1830 before the Landers finally reached its mouth. But his story caught popular imagination, particularly in Scotland. Tall and handsome, practical, adventurous and aspiring, but at the same time unassuming and rather reserved in manner, he seemed an exemplar of Scottish virtues" (Oxford DNB).


58. Paterson , Lieutenant William (1755-1810)

A Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots, and Caffraria, in the Years 1777, 1778, 1779.

London: J. Johnson, 1790. Second Corrected and Enlarged Edition. Quarto. xii, 175 pp. With a folding map and nineteen copper engraved plates. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled speckled half calf with marbled boards. Some plates very slightly foxed, otherwise a very good copy.

"Mr. Patterson accompanied Colonel Gordon (Commander of the Troops of the Dutch East India Company in South Africa) and Jacob van Reenen in several trips to the interior. He remarked that he does not give a description of the Cape as he would be only repeating what Sparrman and Mason (Masson) had already communicated in their publications. In the course of his travels the author penetrated as far as Namaqualand on the west, and the Great Fish River on the south-east. Although the principal feature of the work is a description of the botanical specimens collected and noted by Mr. Paterson, there are many interesting notes respecting the natives, with a few remarks on the Dutch Colonists" (Mendelssohn II p.143)".

Paterson is credited with having brought to England the first giraffe skin ever seen there. He made four expeditions into the interior from the Cape to the Orange River and Kaffir land, mainly in the interest of natural history. He collected many birds and numerous specimens of plants. In 1789 he was one of the lieutenants who were chosen to recruit and command a corps for the purpose of protecting the new convict colony at Botany Bay. Later he was appointed Governor of New South Wales" (Cox I p.390); "Paterson's journal, one of the first in English to describe the interior of South Africa, was published in 1789" (Howgego P28).


59. Percival , Robert (1765-1826)

An Account of the Island of Ceylon, Containing its History, Geography, Natural History, with the Manners and Customs of its Various Inhabitants; to which is added, the Journal of an Embassy to the Court of Candy ... With an Appendix Containing some Particulars of the Recent Hostilities with the King of Candy.

London: C. & R. Baldwin, 1805. Second Edition. Quarto. xii, [ii] , 446 pp. With an engraved frontispiece, a large folding outline hand-colored map, three folding charts, and four engraved plates. Period style brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards. A very good copy.

"A short history of the island prior to British rule, including conquests of the Portuguese, Dutch and English; general description of Ceylon ..., present state of the island and revenue. The appendix gives an account of the war in Ceylon in 1803" (Kaul Travels in South Asia 285). "In 1797 Percival travelled to Ceylon, where he seems to have remained for three years; afterwards he published An account of Ceylon [with] the journal of an embassy to the court of Candy (1803). In this he described the effects of Portuguese and Dutch rule, citing instances of Dutch cruelty and treachery, and discussing the population, economy and main towns of Ceylon. Sydney Smith declared the work to ‘abound with curious and important information'" (Oxford DNB); Goonetileke 35a.


60. Portlock , Captain Nathaniel (ca.1747-1817)

A Voyage Round the World; but more Particularly to the North-West Coast of America: Performed in 1785, 1786, 1787 and 1788, in the 'King George' and 'Queen Charlotte', Captains Portlock and Dixon.

London: John Stockdale & George Goulding, 1789. First Edition. Quarto. xii, 384, xl (appendix) pp. Portrait frontispiece and thirteen other copper engraved plates and six copper engraved folding maps. Very handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled treed full calf with marbled end papers. A near fine copy.

"The principal account of the first commercial voyage to the Northwest coast and the first English voyage to visit Hawaii after that of Captain James Cook" (Forbes 177). "After the reports of the lucrative fur trade on the northwest American coast had reached England, two ships under the commands of Portlock and George Dixon were sent out by the King George's Sound Company, incorporated in May of 1785 for the purpose of pursuing the trade. Expedition leader Portlock's ship, the King George, was the larger of the two ships purchased by the Company, while Dixon was in command of the companion ship, the Queen Charlotte. After visiting the Falkland Islands, the two ships made a long stay at the Hawaiian Islands, then proceeded to America and surveyed the coast, which produced the most important results of the voyage. Both Portlock and Dixon were veterans of Captain Cook's third voyage to the Pacific, and the present account is also important for the supplementary details added to the geographical explorations of Captain Cook. Portlock's vivid descriptions of encounters with the American Indians and the Russians serve to broaden the perspective provided by the William Beresford/George Dixon narrative. The Queen Charlotte Islands were named after Dixon's ship. Portlock discovered Portlock's harbour, visited Hawaii three times, gave a good account of the Bengal vessel of Captain John Meares, and sailed home by way of Macao and St, Helena.., Several Indian vocabularies are given" (Hill 1376); Howgego P141; Lada-Mocarski 42.

"In May 1785 Portlock was appointed by the King George's Sound Company (headed by Richard Cadman Etches) to command the King George , a vessel of 320 tons, and an expedition to the north-west coast of North America. She sailed from Gravesend on 29 August 1785, in company with the smaller ship Queen Charlotte , commanded by George Dixon. On 19 July 1786 they arrived at Cook Inlet and, after some stay there, ranged along the coast, sighted Mount St Elias, and on 29 September sailed for the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands. There they wintered, and returned to the north-west coast of North America in March 1787. When winter approached they again sought the Sandwich Islands, and, after having refitted there and refreshed the men, both ships sailed separately for Macau where they arrived in November 1787. In February of the following year they made for England, the King George reaching Dover on 24 August 1788. With Dixon, Portlock published A Voyage Round the World, but More Particularly to the North-West Coast of America in 1789. Though rich in geographical results, the voyage was primarily intended to advance the fur trade, in which object it was fully successful" (Oxford DNB); Sabin 64389; Streeter VI 3485; TPL 599.


61. Pottinger , Lieutenant Henry (1789-1856)

Travels in Beloochistan and Scinde Accompanied by a Geographical and Historical Account of Those Countries, with a Map.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1816. First Edition. Quarto. xxx , 423 pp. With a hand colored aquatint frontispiece and a large folding hand colored map. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled speckled full calf with maroon and brown gilt morocco labels. With an ownership inscription and a private library stamp on title-page, otherwise a very good copy.

Sir Henry Pottinger was an Anglo-Irish officer and colonial administrator, the first Governor of Hong Kong. In 1804, he went to India to serve in the army. In 1806, he joined the British East India Company and in 1809, he fought in the Maratha war as a lieutenant. "In the spring of 1810.., Pottinger set out on an expedition to explore Baluchistan, southern Afghanistan and the interior of Persia. [His] orders were to collect information on roads and other means of moving troops and to study the political situation in Heart. [He] travelled in disguise, posing as a Muslim horse-trader on his way to Heart to buy some famous Central Asian horses for their master, a rich Muslim Indian" (Howgego P43).

"In 1808 Pottinger was sent on a mission to Sind under Nicholas Hankey Smith, the British political agent at Bushehr. In 1809, when Sir John Malcolm's mission to Persia was postponed, Pottinger and a friend, Captain Charles Christie, offered to explore the area between India and Persia in order to acquire information lacking to the government, which accepted the offer. The travellers, disguised as Indians, and accompanied by a local horse dealer and two servants, left Bombay on 2 January 1810, journeying by sea to Sind, and from there by land to Kalat. They were immediately recognized as Europeans, and even as having belonged to the embassy at Sind, but safely reached Nushki, near the boundary between Afghanistan and Baluchistan; here Christie diverged northwards to Herat, and proceeded thence by Yazd to Esfahan, while Pottinger, keeping in a westerly direction, travelled through Kerman to Shiraz, and joined Christie at Esfahan. Christie was directed to remain there, and was killed in a Russian attack on the Persians in 1812. Pottinger, returning via Baghdad and Basrah, reached Bombay in February 1811. He reported the results of his journey, published as Travels in Beloochistan and Sinde (1816)" (Oxford DNB).

"His book, a geographical survey, has one very important historical observation. In Bam the author sees a pillar of skulls erected c. 1794 by aqa Mohammad Khan during the latter's attack and destruction of Kerman province and the massacre of most of its population" (Ghani p. 305). This work is of "high Interest" (Riddick 55); Hopkirk P. The Great Game (1990), p.536. In 1841 Pottinger was sent to China, negotiated the terms of the Treaty of Nanking (1842), which ended the First Opium War and ceded Hong Kong Island to the United Kingdom, and became the first Governor of the Island (Wikipedia).


62. Renouard de Sainte-Croix , Felix

Voyage commercial et politique aux Indes Orientales, aux iles Philippines, a la Chine, avec des notions sur la Cochinchine et le Tonquin, pendant les années 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 et 1807, contenant des observations et des renseignements, tant sur les productions territoriales et industrielles que sur le commerce de ces pays; des tableaux d'importations et d'exportations du commerce d'Europe en Chine, depuis 1804 jusqu'en 1807; des remarques sur les moeurs, les coutumes, le gouvernement, les lois, les idiômes, les religions, etc.; un apperçu des moyens à employer pour affranchir ces contrée. [Voyage to the East Indies and the Philippines…]

Paris: Crapelet for Clament frères, 1810. First Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. With two engraved hand colored folding maps and four folding tables. Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with orange gilt labels and marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. A very good set.

Sainte-Croix was a French officer, responsible for the defence of the Philippines. Renouard de Sainte-Croix arrived in Pondicherry, India, in 1802 and was almost immediately imprisoned by the English. After he was liberated, he stayed for two more years in India and went amongst others to the coasts of Coromandel and Malabar. He then travelled to the Philippines where he visited Manila, and the gold mines of Mabulao. Cordier Indosinica, 2425; Howgego 1800-1850, D12; Lust 384.


63. Rink , H[enrik]

Eskimoiske Eventyr og Sagn oversatte efter de indfødte Fortælleres Opskrifter og Meddelelser [With Supplement] Indeholdende et Tillæg om Eskimoerne, deres Kulturhistorie og øvrige Eiendommeligheder samt formodede Herkomst. [Eskimo Fairy Tales and Legends with Appendix on the Eskimos, Their Culture and Their Presumed Descent].

Copenhagen: C. A. Reitzels, 1866-71. First Danish Edition. Large Octavo. vi , 376, 259 pp. With a chromo lithograph frontispiece and one other chromo lithograph, a photographic portrait plate, five wood engravings on plates, one lithographed map and numerous wood engravings in the text. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep, with marbled boards. Rebacked with original spine laid down, some mild wear of binding, some mild foxing on the back of plates, otherwise a very good copy.

First Danish edition, substantially expanded compared to the first edition published in Greenland.

Kaj Birket-Smith's (1893-1977) copy with his signature on the free front endpaper. Birket-Smith was a Danish philologist and anthropologist. He specialized in studying the habits and language of the Inuit and Eyak. Birket-Smith was a member of Knud Rasmussen's 1921 Thule expedition (Wikipedia).

"Contains 170 tales and legends, together with extracts from songs and legends, as told and sung by Eskimos in East, West and northwest Greenland and Labrador. Includes preface by the author, and introduction containing an account of the Eskimos, their history, tribes and distribution, etc." (Arctic Bibliography 14598); Lauridsen VIII, 312 & 322.


64. Sobral , José María (1880-1961)

Dos Años Entre los Hielos 1901-1903 [Two Years in the Ice, 1901-1903]. With Autograph Signed Postcard by Sobral.

Buenos Aires: J. Tragant y Cia., 1904. First Edition. Octavo. 364 pp. With a frontispiece portrait of Sobral, two charts in text (one double-paged), and numerous photographic illustrations in text. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards and decorative endpapers, neatly recased. Buenos Aires bookseller stamp on half title, otherwise a very good copy.

With autograph postcard signed "José M. Sobral. Montevideo. Abril 10 de 1904." The postcard is a photographic view of the Zoological Garden in Buenos Aires (14x9 cm).

Very Rare as only one copy found in Worldcat.

The first hand account by the first Argentine to set foot in Antarctica in 1901, as a member of the Swedish Antarctic expedition headed by Otto Nordenskjöld. The travel narrative is supplemented with a brief overview of the history of Antarctic exploration in the first chapter, as "Spanish books on polar exploration are not common in our country" (Preface). Also the translations of Dr. Gunnar F. Anderson's article published in ‘Geographical Journal' (October 1902) about the relief of Antarctic islands and southern tip of South America, and an account of the loss of the ‘Antarctic' by Carlos Skottberg, a botanist on the expedition. All the photographs in this work, except for the views of the sinking ship, were made by Sobral.

Alférez de Navío José María Sobral (Navy Sub-Lieutenant) was an Argentine military scientist and Antarctic explorer. He is considered the father of the Argentine Antarctica, a national hero and the first Argentine geologist. Sobral joined the Swedish Antarctic Expedition on the ship Antarctic in Buenos Aires at the end of 1901, when the group headed by Otto Nordenskjöld asked the Argentine Government for supplies, to perform a series of meteorological, biological geological and geodesical studies.

The expedition arrived to Snow Hill Island at the Weddell Sea in 1902, where they were to spend one winter. But the ship that was to return to pick them up, the Antarctic , under command of Captain Carl Larsen, was crushed by the ice and sank, leaving the expedition to spend a second winter on Snow Hill Island, with no communication with the mainland or the Antarctic party, which was stranded and spent the winter in rough shelter on Paulet Island. A year later the Argentine corvette Uruguay rescued the survivors, including the Argentine officer (Wikipedia).

"Sobral, the Argentine observer who was the assistant physicist and made meteorological observations"b(Conrad p.98); "Fitting it is that the Argentinean representative on Nordenskjold's 1901-4 expedition should have written a narrative for his countrymen who lent so much support to the expedition. Contains photographs and illustrations not in Nordenskjold's book" (Rosove 314).


65. Sonnini , (de Manoncourt), C[harles] N[icolas] (1751-1812)

Voyage Dans la Haute et Basse Egypte. [Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt].

Paris: F. Buisson, An VII [1799]. First Edition. Text Octavo 3 vols.&Folio Atlas. [iv], vii, [i], 425, [3]; [ii], 417; [ii], 424; [2] pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, 38 other copper engravings (two folding) and a large folding engraved map by Tardieu after D'Anville. Period brown gilt titled papered boards. Extremities rubbed and spines mildly sunned, remains of a small private library label on volume one, otherwise a very good set.

This expedition was made with the intention of collecting rare Egyptian birds, however Sonnini includes some unusual and fascinating details of native life and customs such as female and male circumcision and homosexuality, leprosy and other diseases, serpent eating etc. "Sonnini set out with baron de Tott's expedition in 1777. On arrival at Alexandria he found orders to explore Egypt from Louis XVI awaiting him" (Blackmer Collection 1006); Atabey 1155. This work relates to various subjects "with the utmost candor: such as Egyptian female circumcision, serpent eating, Egyptian lesbianism, women's cosmetics..," (Cox I, p.395); Gay 2250; Howgego S135; Ibrahim-Hilmy 245. "A naturalist, Sonnini de Manoncourt traveled extensively through Egypt (from Alexandria to Aswan), making notes on the flora and fauna, the customs of the people, and only incidentally, the antiquities.., Illustrated with excellent engravings, mostly of fish and birds" (Kalfatovic 0158).


66. Stanley , Henry Morton (1841-1904)

Press Reviews of "Through the Dark Continent", 1878. [With] Reviews of the 'Congo' and the Founding of its Free State, Published May 1885.

London(?): Privately Printed(?), ca. 1885. First Edition. Quarto. 133; 11 7pp. Period black half sheep with black cloth boards and a manuscript paper label. A very good copy.

Very Rare works as no copies of each found in Worldcat. The manuscript title of the paper spine label "My Printed Speeches & Letters" alludes to the probability that this is from H.M. Stanley's own personal library. These two works consist of an assortment of reviews and press releases by The Standard, Daily Telegraph, Hampshire Advertiser, Sheffield & Rotherham Independent, The Athenaeum, The Graphic, The Scotsman, Liverpool Mercury and The Pall Mall Gazette etc.

"The violence which accompanied Stanley's expedition gave rise to controversy in the British press. His attempts at self-justification for the punishment of the Bumbiri were challenged: ‘He has no concern with justice, no right to administer it; he comes with no sanction, no authority, no jurisdiction nothing but explosive bullets and a copy of the Daily Telegraph' (Saturday Review, 16 Feb 1878). His expedition was said by some to amount to exploration by warfare: ‘Exploration under these conditions is, in fact, exploration plus buccaneering, and though the map may be improved and enlarged by the process, the cause of civilisation is not a gainer thereby, but a loser' (Pall Mall Gazette, 11 Feb 1878). John Kirk, the Zanzibar consul, launched a discreet enquiry in 1878, and concluded in a confidential report that ‘if the story of this expedition were known it would stand in the annals of African discovery unequalled for the reckless use of power that modern weapons placed in his hands over natives who never before heard a gun fired' (1 May 1878, Foreign Office papers, TNA: PRO).

But these misgivings were to be swamped by numerous tributes to Stanley's success in solving the remaining mysteries of African geography. On his return to Paris and London at the end of 1877, leading figures in geographical societies across Europe were lavish in their praise. In February 1878 he addressed the Royal Geographical Society twice, stubbornly defending his record against ‘soft, sentimental, sugar-and-honey, milk-and-water kind of talk' (PRGS, 22, 1878, 145). His two-volume work Through the Dark Continent , published in June 1878, became another best-seller. Nevertheless, the controversy added to Stanley's disillusionment with the British government, which was lukewarm about his schemes to further the commercial penetration of the Congo region..,

Although it did not involve any significant geographical discoveries, Stanley considered his work on the Congo to be among the most important of his life. His book The Congo and the Founding of its Free State (2 vols., 1885) promoted what he called the ‘gospel of enterprise' (2.377), emphasizing both the commercial potential of the region and the hard labour necessary to exploit it. He revelled in the name Bula Matari, portraying his aim in the Congo as nothing less than the conquest of nature. On his return, however, Stanley found himself a small player in a much larger game of international diplomacy, culminating in the Berlin Congress of 1884-5, at which he acted as an adviser to the American delegation. The establishment of the Congo Free State, a territory of nearly 1 million square miles which Stanley had done much to secure, was one of the most significant events in the history of the so-called ‘scramble for Africa'. Subsequent events were to show that Leopold's ambitions were not quite so philanthropic as Stanley represented them. But he denied to the last any responsibility for the atrocities that were to follow" (Oxford DNB).


67. Timkowski , [Egor Fedorovich] (1790-1875)

Voyage à Peking, à Travers la Mongolie en 1820 et 1821. Traduit du russe par M. N******, revu par M. J.-B. Eyriès. Publié avec des Corrections et des Notes par M. J. Klaproth. [Travel to Peking, through Mongolia in 1820 and 1821].

Paris: Dondey-Dupré père et fils, 1827. First French Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. in 1 & Folio Atlas. xii, 480; 459; 32 pp. Atlas with a lithographed title, a large folding map, a large folding plan of the Forbidden city in Peking, a folding plan of the Russian embassy in Peking, and eight other lithographed plates. Handsome period-style maroon gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with marbled boards. A near fine set.

Russia had maintained a church and school in Beijing since 1728, and every ten years a Russian mission was dispatched to allow a personnel change. This mission was particularly important from a geographic perspective because of Timkowski's accuracy in mapping their journey through the Gobi desert. First French edition of the first fundamental Russian travel account to Mongolia and China with an accurate plan of the Forbidden City in Beijing, the first in a western work. Henze V p.327; Howgego 1800-1850, K15.

The author, Egor Fedorovich Timkowsky was a Russian diplomat and writer, a member of Russian Geographical Society since 1846. He was a nobleman who studied in Kievan Theological Academy and Moscow University. In 1820 was appointed as an escort of the Russian Orthodox mission to China. Timkowsky travelled for a year (August 1820-August 1821), spending 9 months in Peking (Beijing). His voyage resulted in fundamental research, published in 3 volumes on a special commission and at the expense of the Russian government. The book gave a comprehensive description of everyday life, economy, customs and manners, religion of Mongols; contained precious information about China and its capital, also about Eastern Turkestan, Tibet and Korea. Especially interesting are the accurate map of the route of the journey through the Gobi desert.

The book was considered very valuable and was quickly translated into German (1825-26), Dutch (1826), French (1827), English (1827) and Polish (1827-1828). For a long time it remained the main source about inner China and Mongolia.

A significant amount of valuable information about China was given to Timkowsky by the remarkable Russian sinologist, priest Iakinf (Bichurin), who served as a head of Russian Mission in Peking and was supposed to be replaced by the mission escorted by Timkowsky. For many years Iakinf studied Chinese language and history, translated Chinese chronicles into Russian and prepared first Russian-Chinese Dictionary. Russian Brokhaus Encyclopaedia; Russian Biographic Dictionary/ed. Polovtsov; Catalogue of Russian National library


68. Tronson , J[ohn] M.

Personal Narrative of a Voyage to Japan, Kamtschatka, Siberia, Tartary, and various parts of Coast of China; in H.M.S. Barracouta.

London: Smith, Elder, 1859. First Edition. Octavo. xiii , 414 pp. , 24 . With a tinted lithograph frontispiece, seven other lithographed plates, two text illustrations and five folding maps. Original publisher's brown patterned gilt blind stamped cloth. A very good copy.

"This is a narrative of experiences in the Orient and along the coasts of Russia, in the years 1854-56. It provides detailed descriptions of China and Japan and was written during and immediately after the opening of those two countries to Western Commerce" (Hill 1716); 'Officer on the "Barracouta" in waters near Japan just after Commodore Perry's journey describes brief visit to Petropavlovsk along with other shore trips" (Nerhood 257). Tronson was surgeon aboard the HMS Barracouta, a paddle sloop, of the Royal Navy. During the Crimean War she participated in the blockade of Petropavlovski. She also participated during the Second Opium War in 1856 before returning to England and being paid off in 1857. Wikipedia; China Illustrata Nova II, 1227; Cordier Japonica 543.


69. Whittingham , Capt. Bernard

Notes on the Late Expedition against the Russian Settlements in Eastern Siberia; and of a Visit to Japan and to the Shores of Tartary, and of the Sea of Okhotsk.

London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1856. First Edition. Octavo. xv , 300 pp. With a folding engraved frontispiece map. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with raised bands and marbled boards. Map with minor repair, otherwise a very good copy.

Early rare description of the first Pacific war – Pacific theatre of the Crimean War (1854-1856), which engaged Russia against Allied British-French naval forces. The book was written shortly after the notorious Siege of Petropavlovsk (August 28-September 7, 1854) when an Allied squadron of three six British and French warships attacked and bombarded the city and its harbor. Although outnumbering a light Russian garrison, the Allies were defeated and retreated.

This was the event which the author of the book, former head of the Royal Engineers in Hong Kong Bernard Whittingham, called "the disastrous repulse at Petropaulowski". In March-August, 1855 he participated in the Allies' operation at the Russian Far East (Sakhalin, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Strait of Tartary and the estuary of the Amur River). 40-gun frigate HMS ‘Sybille' under command of Commodore Charles Gilbert Elliot together with HMS ‘Spartan', ‘Hornet' and accompanying French warships had to find and destroy all Russian ships in the region as well as "to discover the progress of Russian aggrandizement in North-Eastern Asia, and to ascertain how far the reports of her successful encroachment on the sea frontiers of China and Japan were true" (from the Preface).

In whole the mission was unsuccessful. The Allies discovered Russian ships in the northern part of the Strait of Tartary, close to de Castries Bay, but not knowing that it was strait, not gulf, overlooked Russians who under cover of thick fog escaped to the estuary of Amur. The Allies also visited the Ayan settlement at the shore of the Sea of Okhotsk. A trading post of Russian-American company, it had been abandoned by its inhabitants before the Allies came. As the goal of the British fleet was to destroy all Russian ships they could find, they exploded the only ship they discovered – a small steam tug.

Whittingham gives an interesting description of Sakhalin and its inhabitants the Ainos, the shores of the sea of Okhotsk, Japanese port Hakodadi and local officials, trade, temples, manners and customs etc. Two Appendixes are dedicated to the defeat of Allied squadron at Petropavlovsk: the author analyses its cause and losses, and suggests the tactic of the future naval operations in the Gulf of Tartary, including recommendations about preferable types of ships and troops.

Grainger, J. First Pacific War. Britain and Russia, 1854-1856; Cordier Japonica 523.


70. Zimmermann , Henri[ch] (1741-1805)

Dernier Voyage du Capitaine Cook Autour du Monde, ou se Trouvent les Circonstances de sa Mort. [Last Voyage of Captain Cook Round the World, and the Circumstances of his Death].

Berne: Chez la Nouvelle Societe Typographique, 1783. Second French Edition. Octavo. xvi , 200 pp. Very handsome period red gilt tooled quarter straight-grained morocco with vellum tips and yellow paste paper boards. Original boards, rebacked in style, otherwise a fine uncut copy.

"With possible exception of John Rickman's Journal, earliest account of Cook's last voyage" (Howes Z14). And thus one of the first works to mention Hawaii. Also, one of the most interesting narratives of this voyage. "In 1776, after several unsuccessful attempts at various professions, Zimmermann, a native of Speyer, signed on as a common sailor on the Discovery. Sir Maurice Holmes, in his Cook Biography, writes of Zimmermann, "from the start of the voyage he determined to keep a shorthand journal and to retain it, despite the instructions . Demanding the surrender of all logs and journals.' the original account, printed in 1781, was suppressed in Germany at the request of the British Admiralty in accordance with the instructions given to the personnel of the ship that all journals were to be turned over to them for use in the official account of the expedition" (Hill p. 333).

"The second French-language edition, which closely follows that of the first edition (Berne, 1782) with the title and text reset. Zimmermann's narrative ends on page 117, followed on page 118 by a life of Cook, "Abregee de la vie du capitaine Cook," as in the first French (Berne ) edition, and an important series of "Notes" (Forbes 59). Zimmermann's work is one of the rarest of all accounts of Cook's third voyage and, with Rickman's narrative, the earliest published account of the third voyage, the death of Cook, and the discovery of Hawaii. The first edition came out in German at Mannheim in 1781. Beddie 1630; Lada-Mocarski 33; Sabin 106436.



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