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July 2011 Selected Stock Highlights


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1. [AGRA]
Watercolor and Photograph Album of Agra Views including the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, the Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti in Fatehpur Sikri, Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb in Agra and Numerous Ornaments of the Famous Colored Inlays of the Taj Mahal.

Agra, ca 1851. Oblong Folio. 29 leaves. Twenty six watercolors and three photographs tipped to the album leaves. Leaves # 1, 6, 9, 1, 23, 25, 26 29 are watermarked "Whatman Turkey Mill 1850". The watercolors are elaborately heightened in black ink, sharp pencil or white color and enclosed within black drawn borders; several inscribed with pencil; ca. 23 x 18,5 cm (9 x 7,2 inches). The photographs are faded, with faint inscriptions on the images; ca. 21 x 15 cm (8 x 6 inches). Ca 1851 (watercolors), ca. 1880-es (photographs). Period dark brown full sheep with blind ornamental frames on both covers and gilt lettering on the front cover. Corners are slightly rubbed, spine minor loss at head. Later presentation inscription on top of the first leaf. Photographs faded, otherwise a very good album.

The album shows the main sights of Agra, built in the 17th century, at the height of power of the Mughal Empire by its famous rulers Akbar and Shah Jahan. Mughal architecture was a unique amalgam of Islamic, Persian and Indian architecture. Three of the sites shown in this album - Taj Mahal, Agra fort and complex of Fatehpur Sikri are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The drawings were made in the middle of the 19th century (some are dated ‘1851’) by an unknown Indian artist from Agra or Delhi. They represent a special type of so called "Company paintings" - Indian works of art which were produced for Europeans and were heavily influenced by European taste. It was ‘an attempt by Indian artist to work in a mixed Indo-European style which would appeal to the Europeans who were employed by the various East-India companies’ (Archer, M. Company paintings. London, 1992, p. 11).

The production of these types of watercolors was generally limited to the first half of the 19th century. The pictures were produced in two prominent art centers of the Mughal Empire, Delhi and Agra and depicted the most popular views of both cities. Our album contains almost a classical set of views: the Taj Mahal (the whole mausoleum complex as well as details of the entrance gateway, the garden, and the central chamber with its jali screen and two cenotaphs); Agra Fort with its beautiful Pearl Mosque; the tomb of Itimad-ud-Daula, and the tomb of Sheikh Salim in the deserted city of Fatehpur Sikri.

The drawings represent a unique combination of European and Indian painting traditions. From one side, artists followed the rules of European architectural drawing:
‘The traditional medium of gouache was replaced by pen-and-ink and watercolour. The pictures were executed on large sheets of Whatman paper, in soft washes of cream, buff, grey, and pink with touches of gold, green, red or blue. The whole was surrounded by a black border of black rules. The buildings were shown in perspective against a plain uncoloured background. The style in many ways was similar to that of British engineer draftsmen of the period and it is significant that these officers were amongst the first of the British to arrive to Delhi’ (Archer, M. Company drawings. London, 1972, p. 168).

From the other side, the drawings clearly show the Indian love of meticulous, thorough depiction of the smallest details which is indeed outstanding (Archer, M. Company drawings, p. 169).
Especially interesting are the sketches depicting the details of the graceful lace jali screens carved in white marble plates and delicate petra dura inlays covering the buildings inside and outside. Our album includes thirteen detailed drawings of Taj Mahal’s petra dura ornaments. It’s noteworthy that later the drawings of petra dura inlays were used by British engineers as templates for the restoration of the Taj Mahal; some of the ornaments could also be used by Indian craftsmen as patterns for the embroidery on shawls (Archer, M. Company paintings. P. 130, 139).

The photographs included in the album are early interesting views of Agra’s sites taken most likely in 1880-es.
The watercolours include:
# [2] A View of the Great Gate (Darwaza-i-rauza) of the Taj Mahal (illegible pencil inscription on the lower margin). 22,8x18,8 cm.
The Great Gate stands to the north of the entrance forecourt and provides a symbolic transition between the worldly realm of bazaars and caravanserai and the spiritual realm of the paradise garden, mosque and the mausoleum. From within the great gate, the Mausoleum is framed by the pointed arch of the portal. Inscriptions from the Qu'ran are inlaid around the two northern and southern pishtaqs, the southern one 'Daybreak' invites believers to enter the garden of paradise (Wikipedia).

# [3] Taj Mahal Mausoleum seen from the garden with the water pool and the cypress alley on the foreground. 23x18,6 cm.
An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage (website of UNESCO World Heritage Site).
# [4] The main facade of the Taj Mahal Mausoleum. 23,2x17,4 cm.
# [5] The interior of the Central Octagonal Chamber of the Taj Mahal showing part of the dome and the cenotaphs surrounded by jali (latticed screen carved in marble board). 18,6x22,5 cm.
# [6] The jali around the cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal with the entrance portal. 25x20 cm.
# [7] Side view of Mumtaz Mahal's cenotaph. 22,5x18,5 cm.

# [8] Taj Mahal Mausoleum, the Mosque and Jawab (Meeting House) seen from Yamuna river. 22,5x18,6 cm.
# [9] A view of the top of Mumtaz Mahal’s cenotaph with the series of verses from Qu’ran surrounded by a floral scroll. 23x18,2 cm.
## [10-22] Beautiful floral and calligraphic (# 13) ornaments used as elements of petra dura decoration (incrustation of semi-precious stones into marble) of the cenotaphs, as well as of the interior and exterior of the mausoleum.

# [23] A view of the Delhi Gate of the Agra Fort. Pencil inscription on the lower margin: "The Delhi Gate. Agra Fort [illegible date]". 22,5x18,5 cm.
The monumental Delhi Gate, which faces the city on the western side of the fort, is considered the grandest of the four gates and a masterpiece of Akbar's time. It was built circa 1568 both to enhance security and as the king's formal gate, and includes features related to both. It is embellished with inlay work in white marble, proof to the richness and power of the Great Mughals.

# [24] A view of the Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid) in the Agra Fort. Pencil inscription on the lower margin: "The Motee Masjed in the Fort Agra. 18/10/51."
Moti Masjid earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. The mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan in 1646-53 for his members of the royal court.
# [25] A view of the Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb in Agra. Pencil inscription on the lower margin: "Itmad-ud-Daula on the left bank of river <...> (?) Agra. 18/8/51". 22,7x18,6 cm.
Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb is a Mughal mausoleum in Agra. Often described as 'jewel box', or 'Baby Taj', it is often regarded as a draft of the Taj Mahal. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and Akbar's tomb in Sikandra - to its second phase, based on white marble and petra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the Tāj Mahal.
Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden criss-crossed by water courses and walkways. The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations - cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz formed into images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. Light penetrates to the interior through delicate jali screens of intricately carved white marble (Wikipedia).
# [26] A view of the Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti in Fatehpur Sikri with the red sandstone wall on the background. Pencil inscription on the lower margin: "Tomb of Selim Cheethtee (the Physician of Akbar) at Fathehpur Sekree 24 miles from Agra." 22,3x18,3 cm.
Fatehpur Sikri is a city Agra district which was founded by Mughal emperor Akbar in 1570. It was the first planned city of the Mughals and also the first one designed in Mughal architecture. It served as the Mughal Empire's capital from 1571 until 1585. Though the court took 15 years to build, it was abandoned after only 14 years because the water supply was unable to sustain the growing population and unrest in the North-West. Today, the complex of buildings, including the extant royal palaces, courts and the Jama Masjid is a popular tourist attraction, and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.
The Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti is famed as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in India, built during the years 1580 and 1581, along with the imperial complex at Fatehpur Sikri. It enshrines the burial place of the Sufi saint, Salim Chisti (1478 - 1572), who lived in a cavern on the ridge at Sikri. The mausoleum, constructed by Akbar as a mark of his respect for the Sufi saint, who foretold the birth of his son, who was named Prince Salim after him and later succeeded Akbar to the throne of the Mughal Empire, as Jahangir.
The tomb has been constructed on a platform which is about 1 m. High, a flight of five steps leading to the entrance portico. The main tomb building is enclosed by delicate marble screens on all sides, and the tomb is located in the centre of the main hall, which has a single semi-circular dome. The marble building is beautifully carved, and has an ivory-like appearance. The plinth is ornamented with mosaics of black and yellow marble arranged in geometric patterns.
# [28] A closer view of the Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti on the abstract white background. Illegible pencil inscription on the lower margin. 23,2x18,7 cm.

The photographs include:
# [1] A View of the Great Gate (Darwaza-i-rauza) of Taj Mahal.
# [27] A View of the main entrance of the Tomb of Akbar the Great in Sikandra (significantly faded).
The tomb of the third Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great is an important Mughal architectural masterpiece, built 1605-1613 in Sikandra, a suburb of Agra. Akbar himself commenced its construction in around 1600, according to Tartary tradition to commence the construction of one's tomb during one's lifetime. The construction was completed by Akbar's son Jahangir in 1605-1613.
# [29] A View of the main facade of Taj Mahal with the pool on the foreground (illegible inscription "Apr. 1882"(?) in the left lower corner).

Further Papers Relative to the Recent Arctic Expeditions in Search of Sir John Franklin and the Crews of H.M.S. "Erebus" and "Terror".

London: Edward Eyre and William Spottiswoode, 1855. First Edition. Folio. iv, 958 pp. With illustrations, including diagrams, three lithograph plates (one colored), and 37 lithographed maps (19 folding). Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a maroon gilt tooled morocco label. A near fine copy.
This volume, illustrated with many fine maps and plates, contains much information on the early Franklin Search expeditions up to 1854.
Included are Part 1: the orders and proceedings of Captains' Inglefield, Belcher, Kellett and M'Clure and their ships, Phoenix, Assistance, Resolute and Investigator. Part 2 & 3: The journals of the sledge journeys of the Officers of the Arctic Squadron. Part 4: The proceedings and journal of Commander Pullen's ship North Star. Part 5: Proceedings of Dr. Rae. Part 6: Behrings Straits Expedition, Proceedings of Commanders Trollope's, Maquire's and Collinson's ships Rattlesnake, Plover and Enterprise. Part 7: M'Dougall's report of the operations in the spring of 1853 of the ship Resolute and the tender Intrepid. Arctic Bibliography 45245; Sabin 25633 (ref); Staton & Tremaine/TPL 3549. "Contains data on the Inglefield, Becher, Keller and M'Clure expeditions... [and] on the Pullen, Rae, Collinson, Maguire, McDougall expeditions, including accounts of various sledge-journeys"(NMM I, 894-5).
"In 1850, 11 British and 2 American ships cruised the Canadian Arctic. Several converged off the east coast of Beechey Island, where the first relics of the expedition were found, including remnants of a winter camp from 1845-46 and the graves of John Shaw Torrington, John Hartnell, and William Braine. No messages from the Franklin expedition were found at this site..., In 1854, John Rae, while surveying the Boothia Peninsula for the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), discovered further evidence of the lost men's fate. Rae met an Inuk near Pelly Bay (now Kugaaruk, Nunavut) on 21 April 1854, who told him of a party of 35 to 40 white men who had died of starvation near the mouth of the Back River. Other Inuit confirmed this story, which included reports of cannibalism among the dying sailors. The Inuit showed Rae many objects that were identified as having belonged to Franklin and his men. In particular, Rae bought from the Pelly Bay Inuit several silver forks and spoons later identified as belonging to Fitzjames, Crozier, Franklin, and Robert Osmer Sargent, a mate aboard Erebus. Rae's report was sent to the Admiralty, which in October 1854 urged the HBC to send an expedition down the Back River to search for other signs of Franklin and his men."(Wikipedia).

3. [BAEGERT], [Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California…]

Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with speckled papered boards and a red gilt morocco label. Title with faint traces of library markings, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives" (Hill 46); Barrett 129.
"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.

Report from the Select Committee on the Hudson's Bay Company; together with the Proceedings of the Committee, Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index. [With the 'Plans referred to in the Report'.] Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed, 31 July and 11 August 1857. [Plans by 'Henry Hansard, Printer'.] Two items bound together.

London: House of Commons, 1857. First Edition. Folio. [iv], xviii, 547, [1] pp. With three large hand colored folding lithographed maps. Original navy quarter cloth with original printed paper spine label and grey papered boards. Extremities slightly frayed and bumped, otherwise a very good copy.
"An important document containing the evidence of many witnesses on the suitability of Rupert's Land for agricultural settlement" (Peel 188).The Committee was convened to consider 'the State of those British Possessions in North America which are under the Administration of the Hudson's Bay Company, or over which they possess a License to Trade', at the 'near approach of the period when the license of exclusive trade, granted in 1838 for 21 years, to the Hudson's Bay Company over that north-western portion of British America which goes by the name of the Indian Territories, must expire'. Highly detailed, and containing much first-hand testimony from notable figures (J. H. Lefroy; John Rae; Sir George Simpson; William Kernaghan; Sir John Richardson; Rear-Admiral Sir George Back; Edward Ellice). Nineteen appendices, containing transcripts of documents and other material. The HBC's 21-year monopoly, granted in 1838, was running out and pressure for opening its lands to settlement was growing. This report urges restraint in opening up the lands, warning of corruption of the Indians and overhunting of the fur supply. TPL 3729.

5. [ORIENT, Photograph Album]
Erinnerungen an die Reise nach dem Orient 25. Sept. - 2. Nov. 1899 [Memories of a Trip to the Orient 25. Sept. - 2. Nov. 1899].

1899. Oblong Folio. 24 leaves. With 36 photographs, many with descriptions, most ca. 20 x 26cm (8 x 10 inches) but also with five panorama views up 20 x 90 cm (8 x 36 inches), 5 photogravure, one steam ship program, two printed portraits of Tsar Nikolaus II and Tsarina Alexandra on silk, and dried plants (pepper from Gibraltar and a rose from Constantinople. Original dark brown quarter half morocco with brown blind stamped cloth boards and with gilt lettering on front cover. A very good album.
The strong images of this album show Gibraltar, Istanbul, Malta, Smyrna, also with interesting images of the people of the different places. The five photogravures show different views of Budapest. The large fine panoramas show Gibraltar, Istanbul, and Smyrna. Most of the Malta photos are by Agius Photo of Malta, the Smyrna photos are by Maison Rubellin from Smyrna ("They produced some fine views of the entire area around Smyrna, particularly emphasising the many important nearby ruins"(Jacobson p.266)), and the Istanbul photos are by Sebah & Joaillier (In 1888, Pascal Sebah's son Jean "only 16 years old, went into business with an Istanbul photographer, Policarpe Joallier, though [his uncle] Cosmi continued to run the studio"(Jacobson p.271)).

6. [PHILLIPS, Thomas]
Scenes and Occurrences in Albany and Caffer-Land, South Africa.

London: William Marsh, 1827. First Edition. Octavo. xvi, 214 pp. With a folding hand-colored lithograph frontispiece. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a black gilt morocco label. A near fine copy.
"An account of the British Settlements at Albany, founded by the 1820 settlers, and including a description of Kaffraria and its inhabitants. The author spent about three months in South Africa, in the year 1825, and greatly admired the scenery and prospects of the country. He visited several Boers, whom he describes as being very hospitable, good colonists, and hunters. The Kaffirs are carefully and minutely delineated, the writer having collected many particulars respecting their habits, and there is an account of Graham's Town, and a pretty folding coloured plate depicting the entrance to the Kowie River" (Mendelssohn II, p165); Abbey Travel 329.

Der Allerneueste Staat von Siberien, Einer Grossen und Zuvor Wenig Bekannten Moscowitischen Provinz in Asien. Entdeckend Nicht nur die Ehemalige und Gegenwärtige Beschaffenheit des Landes. Nach Seiner Regierung, nach der Gegend Frucht- und Unfruchtbarkeit, Gebürgen, Thieren, Flüssen, Städten u d. G. Sondern auch Die Sitten und Gebräuche Der Samoieden, Wagullen, Calmuken, Ostiaken, Tungusen, Buriatten, Mongalen und anderer Tartarischen Völker. Nebst Einer Historischen Nachricht von den Merkwürdigen Begebenheiten derer in diesem Lande Gefangenen Schweden, von der Schule zu Tobolsky, und vom wunderbaren Anfang zur Bekehrung der Unglaubigen [The Latest State of Siberia, a Large and Previously Little-known Muscovite Province in Asia. Discovering not Only the Former and the Present Condition of the Country... But also the Manners and Customs of the Samoeds, Voguls, Kalmyks, Ostiaks, Tungus, Buryates, Mongols and other Tartar People. With a History of Curious Events Happened to Swedish Prisoners in this Country, from Founding a School in Tobolsk to Wonderful Beginning of the Conversion of Infidels].

Nurnberg: bei Wolfgang Moritz Endters seel Erben, 1725. Second Edition. Duodecimo. [viii], 246, [x] pp. With a copper engraved frontispiece and one folding copper engraved plate (a view of Tobolsk), woodcut initials and endings. Period brown full calf with raised bands, blind flower ornaments in compartments and blind lettering. Extremities slightly rubbed, title page with a neatly repaired minor tear. Owner’s black ink signature "Mandelin" and black stamp "C.G. Mandelin" on the title page. Brown ink note "Franz von Frankenberg" on verso of the title; coat of arms and inscription "Frankiana" made with brown ink on the paste down of the first end paper. A very good copy.

This early work on Siberia is by an anonymous author who compiled information from various works including Nicolaes Witsen ("Noord en Oost Tartarye"; Amsterdam, 1692), Evert Isbrand Ides ("Riejahrige Reize naar China, te Lande gedaen door den Moscovitischen Abgesant E. Isbrants Ides"; Amsterdam, 1704) and Adam Brand ("Beschreibung der Chinesischen Reise welche vermittelst Einer Zarischen Gesandschaft durch Dero Ambassadeur, Herrn, Isbrand;" Hamburg, 1698). The last part of the book "Historische Nachricht von den merkwuerdigen Begebencheiten der gefangenen Schweden in Sibirien"(p. 185-246) was based on the narratives of Swedish prisoners of war who were captured during the Great Northern War (1701-1721), were kept in Siberia for about ten years (first of all in Tobolsk) and managed to collect very interesting ethnographical and historical materials about Siberia. The folded engraved plate shows Tobolsk Kremlin and the point of confluence of rivers Tobol and Irtysh with the city and numerous boats on the foreground.
One of the previous owners of the book was C.G. Mandelin who was a pastor of St. Maria Kirche in St. Petersburg.

8. ALBERTINI, Francesco (1469-1510)
Opusculum de Mirabilibus Novae & Veteris Urbis Romae. [First Topography of both Ancient and Modern Rome containing an Important Reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries].

Rome: Giacomo Mazzocchi, 1515. Second Edition. Small Quarto. 103 leaves. Period full vellum. Spine renewed, otherwise a very good copy.
First "topography of both ancient and modern Rome, containing an important reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries. Since the early Middle Ages guide-books had been written for the use of pilgrims to Rome. Many editions of the Mirabilia were printed before Albertini produced this first modern guide to the city. Besides an account of ancient Rome, with information about excavations and archaeological discoveries, he tells us also about the churches and buildings commissioned by Julius II and the artists who decorated them. In connection with the Sistine Chapel we learn about Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Lippi, and Michelangelo. This latter reference, together with another in Albertini’s ‘Memoriale’ of the same year, represents the earliest printed notice of that artist. In the third section there is one of the earliest description of the Vatican Library ‘in qua sunt codices auro et argento sericinisque tegminibus exornati’ and mentioning the Codex Vergilianus; the author also refers to the Library’s collections of astronomical and geometrical instruments. The final portion of the work is a laudatory account of the cities of Florence and Savona (the birthplace of Pope Julius II, to whom the book is dedicated). Here we also find mention of many eminent literary and artistic persons such as Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Brunelleschi, Leonardo da Vinci, et al.
It is in this section also that occurs the famous reference to Amerigo Vespucci and his New World discoveries: Albericus Vespulcius of Florence, sent by the most Christian King of Portugal, but lastly by the Catholic King of Spain, first discovered new islands and unknown countries, as is plainly set forth in his book, where he describes the stars, and the new islands, as is also seen in his Letter upon the New World, addressed to Lorenzo de Medici the Younger.(trans.)
There is not much biographical information about the author. It is thought that he was born in the second half of the fifteenth century and died in Rome between 1517 and 1521. A native of Florence he came to Rome in 1502 and was chaplain to Cardinal Fazio Santori. In this same year of 1510 was published in Florence his ‘Memoriale di molte statue e pitture della cittá de Firenze’ and also in Rome his ‘Septem mirabilia Orbis et Urbis Romae et Florentinae civitatis’, but the present ‘Opusculum’ is his best known work. From its Preface we learn also that he was the author of several other works – ‘De modo recte vivendi’, ‘De sacramento’, for example -- but no copies are known to exist" (Kraus-185-14), Alden-Landis 510/1, Sabin 553, Church 33A.

9. AMUNDSEN, Roald (1872-1928)
The South Pole. An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the "Fram," 1910-1912.

London: John Murray, 1912. First English Edition (First Issue) With a Signed Letter by Amundsen. Large Octavo, 2 vols. xxxv; x, 392; 449 pp. With over a hundred illustrations (many on plates) and maps, many folding maps. Original maroon pictorial gilt cloth. Cloth with some mild fading and darkening, otherwise a very good set.
With and Autographed Signed (in full) Letter by Roald Amundsen, dated 19. 11. 1923, and addressed to Doctor Arnfinsen, whom Amundsen thanks for a letter and then discusses reindeer.
"Amundsen accomplished his task in an efficient and workmanlike manner, the result of his lengthy training and meticulous preparations" (Conrad p. 156). Unlike Scott's party, which favoured men and ponies over dogs, Amundsen took many dogs and few men so that the former could, in an emergency, serve as food for the latter. With weather conditions in their favour, Amundsen's party reached the pole just ahead of Scott's. The expedition was well organized and set off from the Bay of Whales using dog sleds and supply depots and reached the pole in 99 days, a distance of 1860 miles. Unlike Scott's party, all in the Amundsen group remained in good health and accomplished the great and perhaps last "extraordinary" polar journey. Amundsen 'remained totally secretive about his intentions - a policy that became all the more essential after the announcement in September 1909 of the proposed assault on the South Pole by Robert Falcon Scott.., While Scott intended to follow the route pioneered by Shackleton from Ross Island, Amundsen decided to launch his expedition directly from a point on the Ross Ice Barrier itself" (Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, A13).
Amundsen "reached South Pole, 14 December 1911, by dog sledge, and claimed the South Polar Plateau for Norway; discovered Queen Maud Mountains" (Headland 1769); Amundsen's "account of his extraordinary South Pole exploit is a classic in the exploration literature" (Rosove 8); Spence 18; "Published some three months before Scott's death was known to the world" (Taurus 71).

10. ANSON, George (1697-1762)
A Voyage Round the World, in the Years MDCCXL,I,II,III,IV. By George Anson, Esq.; Commander in Chief of a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships, sent upon an Expedition to the South-Seas. Compiled from Papers and Other Materials of the Right Honourable George Lord Anson, and Published Under his Direction. By Richard Walter, M.A. Chaplain of His Majesty's Ship the Centurion, in that Expedition. Illustrated with 42 Copper-Plates. With a Warrant (commission), Signed by Anson.

London: John and Paul Knapton, 1748. First Edition Quarto. [34], [420] pp. With 42 engraved folding plates and maps. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf. Some rubbing to extremities, hinges slightly cracked, otherwise a very good copy.
"This is the official account of Anson's Voyage. England, at war with Spain in 1739, equipped eight ships under the command of George Anson to harass the Spaniards on the western coast of South America, for the purpose of cutting off Spanish supplies of wealth from the Pacific area. The Spanish fleet sent out to oppose the British ran into storms; provisions ran out and many ships were wrecked. Anson continued taking prizes during 1741-42, off the Pacific coast, and in June, 1743, captured the Manila galleon and its treasure of 400,000 sterling.., [this work] has long occupied a distinguished position as a masterpiece of descriptive travel. Anson's voyage appears to been the most popular book of maritime adventure of the eighteenth century" (Hill 1817).
"Consisting at the start of eight ships.., Seven ships were lost around Cape Horn and on the coast of Chili and out of 900 men who left England on board more than 600 Perished. As Usual Scurvy took an appalling toll.., As with many a ship before and after, the island of Juan Fernandez proved a blessing in restoring scurvy-stricken men to health" (Cox I, p49); Anson "did return [home] with a vast bounty" (Howgego A100).
With a Signed Warrant (commission), signed by 'Anson', 'Thos. Orby Hunter', 'J: Forbes' as Lords of the Admiralty, 'H. Stanley', and 'J Clevland' as Secretary, appointing Tonyn 'Commander of His Majesty's Sloop the Savage'. 'Given under our hands and the Seal of the Office of Admiralty this Second day of December 1757 [2 December 1757]'. On one side of a piece of vellum, dimensions 28 x 32.5 cm. Neatly folded to make eight rectangles. Red wax seal beneath square of paper in top left-hand corner, embossed with the Admiralty anchor. Two blue 2s 6d stamps in left-hand margin. Small paper stamp on the reverse, which is docketed 'Savage'. Text entirely legible on lightly discolored and spotted vellum. The body of the document is printed over fifteen lines, with the specific information added in manuscript. Headed 'By the Commissioners for Executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland &c. And of all His Majesty's Plantations, &c. -' From the Paterson and Tonyn family papers.

11. ARAGO, J[acques Etienne Victor] (1790-1855)
Promenade Autour du Monde, Pendant les Annees 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820, sur les Corvettes du Roi l'Uranie et la Physicienne Commandees par M. Freycinet. [Narrative of a Voyage Round the World in the Uranie and Physicienne Corvettes Commanded By Captain Freycinet, During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, 1nd 1820; on a Scientific Expedition Undertaken By Order of the French Government, in a Series of Letters].

Paris: Leblanc, 1822. First Edition With a Signed Letter by Arago. Octavo 2vols & Folio Atlas. xxx; [iv], 452; 506 pp. Atlas with a world map and 25 other lithograph plates. Very handsome period style navy gilt tooled quarter straight-grained morocco with cloth boards, text housed in a matching slip case. Text mildly foxed, otherwise a very good set.
With a Autographed Letter Signed by Arago. "The Uranie, with a crew of 125 men under the command of Captain Louis de Freycinet, entered the Pacific from the West to make scientific observations on geography, magnetism, and meteorology. Arago was the artist of the expedition, which visited Western Australia, Timor, Hawaii, and New South Wales. The original ship was wrecked off the Falkland Islands. Two months later the expedition continued aboard the Physicienne, which stopped for a time at Rio de Janeiro. Captain Freycinet's wife, Rose Pinon, was smuggled on board at the advent of the voyage and made the complete journey, causing some discord among the crew. Freycinet named an island he discovered after her - Rose Island among the Samoa islands. These entertaining letters, written in a lively and witty literary style, provide vivid descriptions of the topography and the inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The book achieved great success" (Hill 28-9).
"The Hawaiian portion of the text, contained on more than 150 pages, records impressions of the artist's stops on Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu. Extensive portions of the text also record the Arago impressions of Australia, Guam, and the Marianas Islands. The artist's main interest (as reflected by the plate subjects) are of peoples encountered. Several of the plates record somewhat gruesome aspects of Hawaiian culture"(Forbes 537); Ferguson 850; Sabin 1867.

12. BERNACCHI, Louis [Charles] (1876-1942)
To the South Polar Regions; Expeditions of 1898-1900.

London: Hurst and Blacket, 1901. First Edition. Large Octavo. xvi, 348, iv pp. With many photo illustrations on plates and three maps, some folding and colored. Original publishers blue-green gilt cloth. Extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.
On Borchgrevink's Southern Cross expedition "Bernacchi, an Australian physicist, was the magnetic and meteorological observer and also took photographs.., the expedition refined Ross' map of the Victoria Land coast, established a new furthest south and laid the foundations for those following" (Conrad p.88-9). "In May 1896, Bernacchi travelled to London 'on the off-chance' of joining Borchgrevink's expedition. Having something of a talent for writing, his ‘To the South Polar Regions’ is, compared with Borchgrevink's account, refreshingly readable and rich in literary imagery" (Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, B30); "Bernacchi's account is a gem in the Antarctic literature.., To him we are indebted for the many beautiful literary images of the voyage" (Rosove 35); "Bernacchi's account of the first deliberate wintering in Antarctica on the Southern Cross expedition of 1898-1900" (Taurus 25).

13. BODE, Baron C[lement] A[ugustus] de
Travels in Luristan and Arabistan.

London: J. Madden and Co, 1845. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xx; xii, 404; 398, [1] pp. With fifteen lithographed and wood engraved plates (two folding) and two folding engraved maps. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and black gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
An important account on Persia with detailed descriptions of the antiquities, archaeological sites and the ancient history of the country. De Bode travelled from Tehran to Isfahan, Persepolis, Shiraz, Kazeroun, Shushtar, Susa, Khorramabad and back to Tehran. "Luristan" (modern "Loristan"), or the land of the Luri people, is a western province of Persia and the main city is Khorramabad. "Arabistan" (modern "Khuzestan") is located in the Eastern Persia and the main city is Ahwaz.
De Bode gives a detailed account of the ancient cities of Persepolis, the ceremonial capital of the Ahaemenid Empire, and Susa which used to be the capital of the legendary civilisation Elam, mentioned in the Bible. In his narrative he describes numerous archaeological sites, lists the names of settlements, describes the history of the local tribes and their manners and customs. As a supplement he published his observations on the routes of Timur and Alexander the Great who crossed south-western Persia during their conquering marches. "It is with the view of rescuing from a second oblivion this once classical ground that the Author has endeavoured to draw aside a corner of the veil which still covers this mysterious region"(Preface). One of Bode’s advisors whom he acknowledges in the Preface, was the renowned Assyriologist Sir Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895), an expert in Persian and Indian vernacular languages who explored Susiana and Persian Kurdistan and was called by Budge, in The Rise and Progress of Assyriology (1925), "the father of Assyriology" (Oxford DNB).
"Clement Augustus de Bode, a member of the Russian legation in Tehran, filled some empty spaces in existing maps" (Howgego 1800-1850, G2); "The author travelled in 1841 from Tehran to Esfahan, Persepolis, Shiraz, Kazeroun, Shushtar, Dezful, Susa, Khorramabad, Boroujerd and back to Tehran. It is mostly a travel book, however, the author gives a good picture of tribal life and especially the political situation in Fars; principally the hostility between the Qashqai tribe which controlled Shiraz. There is also descriptions of historical sites and monuments along the way" (Ghani p. 93).

14. BOUGAINVILLE, Louis Antoine de (1729-1811)
Voyage autour du monde, par la frégate du Roi, La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Etoile; en 1766, 1767, 1768 & 1769. [With: Magra, James, attributed author.] Supplément au voyage de M. De Bougainville; ou journal d'un voyage autour du monde, fait par MM. Banks & Solander, Anglois, en 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771. Traduit de l'Anglois, par M. De Fréville. [A Voyage Round the World. Performed by Order of His Most Christian Majesty, in the Years 1766, 1767, 1768 and 1769].

Paris: Chez Saillant & Nyon, 1772. Second and Best French Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. xliii; [ii]; xvj, 336; 453+[3]; 362 pp. With three folding copper engraved plates and 21 folding copper engraved maps. Handsome period style olive gilt tooled quarter calf with green patterned papered boards. Extremities of spine mildly rubbed, one map with minor repair, otherwise a very good set.
"The voyage of the Badeuse and the Etoile under Bougainville became the first official French circumnavigation.., During this voyage, Bougainville visited Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, and Patagonia in South America; he was also in Buenos Aires when the order for the expulsion of the Jesuits of Paraguay arrived, which he describes in detail. He then proceeded through the Strait of Magellan and across the Pacific, visiting the Tuamotu Archipelago, Tahiti, the Samoan Islands, the New Hebrides, and the Solomon, Louisiade, and New Britain Archipelagoes. At the end of the volume, there is a long description of Tahiti, containing observations concerning the natives as well as a vocabulary of 300 words used on the island. Also included is an account of Aotourou (Mayoa), a Tahitian who returned to France with Bougainville. Bougainville also touched at the Moluccas, Batavia, and Mauritius before he arrived once again in France in 1769. Although Bougainville made only a few important discoveries, he created a great deal of interest among the French in the Pacific" (Hill 163-4). The "supplement" here is a translation of a highly important anonymous account of Cook's first voyage (by James Magra), published without authorization only two months after the return of the Endeavour, and a full two years before the official account by Hawkesworth; this is thus the first account of Captain Cook in French. Beddie 697; Cox I, p. 55; Howgego B142; Sabin 6867.

15. BOWDICH, Thomas Edward (1791-1824)
Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo, During the Autumn of 1823, While on his Third Voyage to Africa.

London: George B. Whittaker, 1825. First Edition. Quarto. xii, 278 pp. With 22 lithographs on plates, four hand-colored, three folding. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with red gilt morocco label. Rebacked in style using original boards, with unobtrusive library blind stamp on title, otherwise a near fine copy.
"Bowdich died aged thirty-three on this, his third voyage to Africa, and his last work was not only edited but completed by his wife, Sarah, who added three sections, 'a narrative of the continuance of the voyage to its completion,' 'a description of the English settlements on the River Gambia,' and an 'appendix, containing zoological and botanical descriptions, and translations from the Arabic.' Sarah Bowdich also contributed the drawings for the work, the plates including portraits of local people, views and zoological figures" (Christies).
"Bowdich and his wife.., embarked upon a second African expedition, and in August 1822 they sailed from Le Havre to Lisbon..., They continued to Madeira where they remained for some months, collecting geological, geographical, and botanical information and then travelled to the Gambia, where Bowdich began a trigonometrical survey of the river. His enthusiasm for scientific observation was said to have cost him his life there, for while taking astronomical observations at night he caught cold, which was followed by fever, resulting in his death, at the early age of thirty-three, on 10 January 1824. The published account of his last expedition was edited and illustrated by his wife" (Oxford DNB). Bowdich was appointed by the African Company to lead a mission to Ashanti in 1815. He subsequently spent much time in Africa before his death at the mouth of the Gambia" (Howgego 1800-1850, C19); Abbey Travel 190; Hess & Coger 5414.

16. BRUCE, James (1730-1794)
Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile, in the Years 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771, 1772, and 1773.

Edinburgh: J. Ruthven, 1790. First Edition. Quarto, 5 vols. xxxiii; viii; viii; viii; xiv, 535; 718; 759; 695; 230, [10]pp. With three large folding engraved maps, 58 engraved plates of animals, birds, plants, battle plans, and four leaves of Ethiopic script. Engraved title vignettes & headpieces. Period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and maroon and black gilt tooled morocco labels. A couple of leaves with repaired tears, otherwise a very good clean set. The fifth volume has irregular pagination but is complete with continuous text.
"In 1768, accompanied by Balugani, [Bruce] began a journey up the Nile to investigate its source, which he believed lay in Ethiopia. The hazards of travel in Sudan led him to proceed eastward from Aswan across the desert to Quseir and thence to Jidda in Arabia; recrossing the Red Sea, he landed at Massawa, Eritrea, on September 19, 1769. He reached Gondar, then the capital of Ethiopia, on February 14, 1770"(Delpar p. 84). "This Work is particularly important for its portrayal of Abyssinia, little known to his contemporaries, for its literary merits and for the final volume on natural history" (Blackmer Sale 434); Cox I p. 388-389; Gay 44; Hilmy I, 91.
"Sailing up the Nile to Aswan, [Bruce] visited the ruins of Thebes.., Visiting Karnak and Luxor, Bruce began making detailed terrestrial observations and charting the course of the Nile.
Having chosen to approach Abyssinia from the Red Sea town of Massawa, Bruce retraced his steps back from the first Nile cataract in order to make the desert crossing to Quseir on the Red Sea. Arriving at Jiddah in early May 1769 after an eventful sea-crossing, he stayed for three months in the company of the British East India Company captains who frequented the port, employing the time to survey and chart the Red Sea..., [after] Bruce stayed two months in Massawa.., [his] caravan began the laborious ascent into the mountains of central Abyssinia, bound for the then capital, Gondar. Enduring physical hardships and surmounting technical difficulties in carrying delicate surveying instruments over the rough mountain terrain, Bruce first witnessed the Abyssinian custom of eating raw beef cut from living beasts, his account of which met with great scepticism upon his return to England. After stopping to visit the ruins of Aksum, capital of Abyssinia from the fifth century AD, he arrived at Gondar on 14 February 1770…
Bruce was only the second European to visit the isolated mountain kingdom of Abyssinia since the 1630s. Bruce's knowledge of the Tigrinya and Amaharic languages, the favour his medical knowledge won him with the royal ladies, and his insistence, having dropped his Syrian disguise, that he was no hated Roman Catholic but a protestant Christian, were instrumental to his success at court in Gondar, and the emperor made him governor of the province of Ras-el-Fil, on the Sudanese border. In the spring of 1770 he accompanied Michael's army on an expedition against Fasil which enabled him to explore Lake Tana and visit the falls of Tissisat: but Michael's army was forced to retreat and Bruce had to abandon his first quest to reach the springs of the Nile at Gish.
On 28 October 1770 Bruce and his party once again left Gondar bound for Gish, which the emperor had granted him as a fiefdom.., On 4 November 1770 the party crossed the Little Abbai, by this point a tiny stream, arriving at the swampy ‘Nile source’ at Gish. Bruce triumphantly toasted George III, Catherine the Great, and the mysterious ‘Maria’ (possibly Bruce's fiancée), and gave vent to the ‘sublime of discovery’: it is easier to guess than describe the situation of my mind at that moment—standing in that spot which had baffled the genius, industry, and inquiry, of both ancients and moderns, for the course of nearly three thousand years" (Bruce, 3.597)
Bruce's 1200 mile return journey to Egypt via the Sudanese desert was the most dangerous stage of his whole expedition.., Striking out across the great Nubian Desert, rather than following the much longer Nile loop, Bruce's caravan soon ran out of food and water. At Saffeiliyyah the small party slaughtered and ate their last camel, struggling on to Aswan on foot, having abandoned all specimens and journals. They arrived at the Egyptian frontier city on 29 November 1772, after a twenty-day desert ordeal; as soon as he had recovered his strength Bruce plunged back into the desert to retrieve his jettisoned baggage. Suffering from severely swollen feet, guinea worm in his leg, and malaria, he hastened to Cairo" (Oxford DNB).

17. CAMPBELL, Rev. John (1766-1840)
Travels in South Africa, Undertaken at the Request of the London Missionary Society; Being a Narrative of a Second Journey in the Interior of that Country.

London: London Missionary Society, 1822. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xii, 322; 384 pp. With two hand-colored aquatint frontispieces, ten other hand-coloured aquatints and a folding hand colored map. Handsome period brown gilt tooled polished full calf with red gilt morocco labels. Minor repair to map, otherwise a very good set.
"The second journey to the interior was started on January 18, 1820, and in the course of it visits were paid to Lattakoo (Kuruman), Mashow, and Griqua Town, the author penetrating to a city then named Kureechane, the site of which would appear to have been somewhere near the Waterberg mountains in the Transvaal. The inhabitants consisted of Bushmen, Corannas, and Bechuanas, and a map is provided, but it does not even faintly resemble a modern publication, and the river courses are not correctly traced. There are some particulars respecting what is designated the "Great Southern Zahara", most of which seems to have been comprised in what is now known as German South-West Africa; and there is an account of the natives, among whom there seems to have been constant friction" (Mendelssohn I, p.255). Appendices are also included, one of which deals with Bechuana tales.
"Africa had fascinated Campbell since his youth, and in 1812 the LMS sent him there to restore good relations between the missionaries and the governor, Sir John Cradock (in which he was successful), and to survey the work of the society. He covered over 5000 kilometres by ox-wagon, travelling where few Europeans had gone before. North of the Orange River, he met the Griqua of Adam Kok, with their missionary John Anderson. He was so impressed with this nascent Christian state that, on his return to London, he had minted for it a set of decimal coins, the first autonomous coinage in southern Africa. Back in London in 1814 Campbell wrote his Travels in South Africa, which was published the next year and rapidly went through three editions. Very soon after settling back into his pastoral and editorial work he was called again to go to Africa. In 1819 he and a fellow director of the LMS, John Philip, were sent to reorganize the work of the society in South Africa; Philip was to stay on as resident director after he and Campbell had completed their work. On his return to London, Campbell published, in 1822, two new volumes of Travels in Africa, which contained one of the most accurate maps of southern Africa yet produced"(Oxford DNB). "Campbell arrived at a range where a number of tracks converged to form a single highway. A little to the south of the range one of Campbell's party unwittingly discovered one of the sources of the Limpopo" (Howgego 1800-1850, C10); Abbey Travel 328; Tooley 127; Work, p.203.

18. CAPPER, James (1743-1825)
Observations on the Passage to India, Through Egypt: Also By Vienna to Aleppo and From Thence By Bagdad and Directly Across the Great Desert to Bassora. With occasional remarks on the adjacent countries, an account of the different stages, and sketches of the several routes on four copper-plates.

London: W. Faden, 1785. Third Edition, with Alterations and Additions. Octavo. xxxvi, 270, [15], [1] pp. With a folding engraved plate and three folding engraved maps. Period style brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a red gilt morocco label. A near fine copy.
This work is a description of Capper's journey "to explore the feasibility of opening a new channel for transmitting intelligence between Europe and India, [where] he returned to Madras by way of Aleppo, the Arabian desert, and Basrah. [This work contains] details of his journey from India to England in early 1777 (via Ceylon and Suez) and his return journey in 1778-9" (Oxford DNB).
"The author, a meteorologist, entered the service of the East India Company at an early age. Here he describes journeys from India through the Red Sea, Suez and Egypt, the Arabian desert and from Mesopotamia to Aleppo" (Blackmer Sale 453); Cox I, p. 233; Howgego P117. "Capper begins with an account of the Red Sea/Suez route, including a description of Alexandria and Cairo" (Kalfatovic 0160); "The journey from Latakia on the Mediterranean coast of Syria to Basra as part of an Arab caravan by an official of the East India Company" (Sotheby’s).

19. CHARDIN, John (1643-1713)
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East Indies, Through the Black Sea and the Country of Colchis.

London: Moses Pitt, 1689. First Edition, Second Impression. Folio. [xiii], 417; [8]; 154; [5] pp. Frontispiece portrait, engraved title, printed title, plus folding map of the Black Sea, and 16 engraved plates (most of them folding views). Engraved title page vignette. Period style dark brown gilt tooled half with marbled boards. A near fine copy.
"Chardin was a Huguenot who was forced to emigrate to England. He was knighted by Charles II and on his death was buried in Westminster Abbey. His first visit to the East was made in 1665, at the age of twenty-two, when he both gratified a love of travelling and carried on his trade as a dealer in jewels. His more important voyage was made in 1671. His route differed from that usually taken by travellers to the East Indies in that he proceeded by way of the Black Sea and the countries bordering thereon. His account of the Persian court and of his business transactions with the shah are of great interest. Sir William Jones regarded his narrative as the best yet published on the Mohammedan nations" (Cox I p 249-250).
“Chardin set out for Persia for a second time in August 1671, but on this occasion diverted through Smyrna and Constantinople, and took the Black Sea Route to Caucasia, Mingrelia and Georgia, finally arriving at Esfahan in June 1673. In Georgia he heard of a race of warlike women, the Amazons, who had at some time in the recent past invaded a kingdom to the northwest. He remained in Persia for four years, as he says 'chiefly following the court in its removals, but also making some particular journeys.., as well as studying the language.' He apparently knew Esfahan better than Paris, and visited nearly every part of the country. His account of the Persian court and his business transactions with the shah are of considerable interest. In 1677 he proceeded to India, afterwards returning to France by way of the Cape of Good Hope” (Howgego C102). “His second and more notable voyage to Persia, is important because it is in the account of this voyage that he describes life in late Safavid Persia” (Ghani p. 71).

20. COOK, James (1728-1779)
A Voyage Towards the South Pole and Round the World. Performed in his Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Adventure, in the Years 1771, 1773, 1774, and 1775. Written by James Cook, Proceedings in the Adventure during the separation of the ships. In two volumes. Illustrated with maps and charts, and a variety of portraits of persons and views of places, drawn during the voyage by Mr. Hodges, and engraved by the most eminent masters.

London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1777. First Edition. Quarto, 2 vols. & Oblong Folio Atlas. xl; [viii], 378; 396 pp. With an engraved portrait frontispiece, 16 maps, charts, and plans (8 folding), 47 engraved plates (23 folding), and 1 folding language table. Period brown gilt tooled full speckled full calf; Atlas volume: period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Extremities mildly rubbed, a couple of plates with minor stains, otherwise a very good set.
This is the rarer and more desirable variant version of this work with the plates bound into a separate atlas. "Most areas of British scientific voyaging begin with Cook, the Antarctic being no exception. He was specifically instructed on his second voyage to ascertain whether a great Terra Australis really existed below the Antarctic Circle. True to his instructions, he circumnavigated Antarctica at high latitudes and captained the first ship on record to cross the Antarctic Circle. Through discovering the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia, he did not gain sight of a Southern Continent, and concluded that if it did exist, it could be of no use to mankind" (Taurus 1); Beddie 1216; Conrad p. 10.
"The success of Cook's first voyage led the Admiralty to send him on a second expedition, described in the present work, which was to circumnavigate the globe as far south as possible in search of any southern continents. Cook proved that there was no ‘Terra Australis’ which supposedly lay between New Zealand and South America, but became convinced that there must be land beyond the icefields. The men of this expedition became the first to cross the Antarctic Circle. Further visits were made to New Zealand, and on two great sweeps Cook made as astonishing series of discoveries and rediscoveries including Easter Island, The Marquesas, Tahiti and the Society Islands, Niue, the Tonga Islands, the New Hebrides, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, and a number of smaller Islands. Rounding Cape Horn, on the last part of the voyage, Cook discovered and charted South Georgia, after which he called at Cape Town, St. Helena and Ascension, and the Azores. Johann Reinhold Forster and his son Georg were the official botanists on board. Dr. Anders Sparrman, a Swedish scientist, joined the expedition on the way out at Cape Town. William Hodges was the artist with the expedition. Omai, a Polynesian native taken aboard by Cook, was lionized by London Society upon their return. The voyage produced a vast amount of information concerning the Pacific peoples and islands, proved the value of the chronometer as an aid in finding longitude, and improved techniques for preventing scurvy" (Hill 358); Holmes 224; Rosove 77; Spence 314.

21. CORDINER, Rev. James (1775-1836)
A Description of Ceylon; Containing an Account of the Country, Inhabitants, and Natural Productions; with Narratives of a Tour Round the Island in 1800, the Campaign in Candy in 1803, and a Journey to Ramisseram in 1804.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, 1807. First Edition. Quarto, 2 vols. xii; vi, 445; 360 pp., [2]. With an engraved map and plan, fifteen aquatint plates, some folding and eight engraved plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and maroon gilt tooled morocco labels, housed in a matching slip case. A very good set.
The author "records his observations of island life, including descriptions of an elephant hunt, pearl fishing, and cinnamon cultivation" (Christies). "As the chaplain to the garrison of Colombo had recently died, Cordiner was invited.., to take his place. He also became chaplain to the 51st regiment, having previously acted as chaplain to the 80th. He was chaplain from 1799 to 1804 and during this time he was also principal of all the schools on the island. As the only Episcopalian clergyman on the island he conducted services at Government House each Sunday. He was also responsible for the formation of three schools in Colombo for Sinhalese, Tamil, and European pupils. In 1800 he made a six-month tour of the island with the governor, after which he made an official report on the schools. When Cordiner left Ceylon in 1804 he was presented with a piece of plate worth 200 guineas" (Oxford DNB); Cox I p.310; Goonetileke I, 13.

22. DILLON, Capt. P[eter] (1788-1847)
Voyage aux Iles de la Mer du Sud, en 1827 et 1828, et Relation de la Decouverte du Sort de la Perouse Dedie au Roi… [Narrative and Successful Result of a Voyage in the South Seas, performed by Order of the Government of British India to ascertain the actual fate of La Pérouse's Expedition, interspersed with Accounts of the Religion, Manners, Customs, and Cannibal Practices of the South Sea Islanders].

Paris: Chez Pillet Aine, 1830. First French Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. lx, [295]; [363] pp. With two folding lithographed frontispieces, one other plate and a folding lithographed map. Handsome period green gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. Rebacked in period style using original boards, otherwise a near fine set.
"It was during this voyage that the mystery of the loss of Laperouse and his expedition was finally solved. From many years Dillon had navigated the South Seas in connection with the sandalwood trade, and he often visited Fiji and New Zealand. In 1813, when on shore in the Fiji Islands, his crew was attacked and fourteen were massacred. A Prussian refugee, Martin Bushart, his Fijian wife, and a Lascar seaman were rescued and were landed on the small island of Tikopia when Dillon returned to China and India. In 1826, Dillon visited this island again, where he found his friends still living and from which he obtained some articles which he rightly recognized as having belonged to Laperouse. These had been recovered from an island in the Mannicolo Group not far distant. This news he gave to the Bengal government and was given the survey vessel Research to go and investigate. After various adventures in Australia, New Zealand , and Tonga, Dillon found the wrecks of the lost ships on the reefs surrounding Vanikoro in the Santa Cruz Islands. He brought the news back to Captain Dumont d'Urville, then at Hobart, who proceeded back to the location and recovered further relics. Dillon took his finds to France and presented them to King Charles X, who conferred on him the order of the Legion D'honneur, and an annuity of 4,000 Francs" (Hill 480-1); Howgego 1800-1850, D21; Sabin 20176.

23. DOWNING, Clement
A Compendious History of the Indian Wars, With an Account of the Rise, Progress, Strength and Forces of Angria the Pirate. Also the Transactions of a Squadron of Men of War under Commodore Matthews, Sent to the East Indies to Suppress the Pyrates. To Which is Annexed an Additional History of the Wars between the Great Mogul, Angria, and his Allies. With an Account of the Life and Actions of John Plantain, a Notorious Pyrate at Madagascar; His Wars with the Natives of that Island, where Having Continued Eight Years he Joined Angria, and was Made his Chief Admiral.

London: Printed for T. Cooper, 1737. First Edition. Duodecimo. iv, 238 pp. Period brown gilt tooled full sheep. Rebacked in style with red gilt morocco label and raised bands, otherwise a near fine copy.
Interesting account on the early history of the East-India Company and its struggle against the Maratha Empire for the influence in India and the Indian Ocean region. The author, an English naval sailor who served for the Company, witnesses his adventures in the East Indies in 1715-1723 during the hostilities between the two powers. "As there have been very few Relations of the Transactions in the East-Indies between the English and Angria, a History of the Rise, Progress, Strength and Forces of this formidable Pyrate must certainly be very entertaining... In the Transactions of the Squadron sent to suppress the Pyrates in the East-Indies, our Author gives his reasons, very probable ones, why it succeeded no better..." (Preface).
The pirate Angria who Downing describes is Kanhoji Angre (1669-1729), who was one of the most notable admirals of the Maratha Navy in 18th century India. He fought successfully against the British, Dutch and Portuguese naval interests in the Indian Ocean during the 18th century, and hence was alleged by them to be a pirate (purposely without mentioning that he was the appointed admiral of the Maratha Navy). At the height of his power, Kanhoji's commanded hundreds of warships and the British Navy could do little to combat the Maratha Navy. At one time he was so successful that he even employed certain Europeans in his fleet, including making the Dutchman James Plantain his Commodore. Despite the attempts of the British and Portuguese to subdue Angre, he remained undefeated until his death. Kanhoji is also credited with establishing the naval force that eventually became the modern Indian Navy (Wikipedia).
James Plantain was a pirate and leader in Madagascar, and was called the 'King of Ranter Bay'. A former pirate who came to the harbor in 1715, he gained control of the island in 1725. He fled the island in 1728, in fear of a rebellion (Wikipedia). "A rare volume of adventures by one of the sailors on the early 18th century "East Indiamen" whose career included also a captaincy of the artillery in the Mogul empire; work fighting Marathas; and help in a famous expedition under Commodore Mathews" (Cox I, p.288).

24. DREW, Frederick (1836-1891)
The Northern Barrier of India. A Popular Account of the Jummoo and Kashmir Territories.

London: Edward Stanford, 1877. First Edition. Octavo. x, [i], 336 pp. With three mounted woodbury type photographs of Kashmiris, wood-engravings in text., three maps on two folding sheets. Very handsome period blue elaborately gilt tooled polished school prize binding full calf with red gilt morocco label. A fine copy.
"In February 1862, following representations by the British military commander of the Punjab and the mediation of Sir Roderick Murchison, Drew resigned the geological survey to enter the service of the maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, Ranbir Singh. He was initially engaged in a mineral reconnaissance of the territories, was then charged with the management of the forest department, and finally, in 1871, was appointed vizier (governor) of the province of Ladakh. In addition, he probably acted unofficially as a British political agent, providing intelligence on a state on India's northern frontier which was considered to be of great strategic importance as a bulwark against Russian expansion. He acquired a detailed knowledge of the geology, topography, and anthropology of the country, which he employed in his major work, ‘The Jummoo and Kashmir Territories: a Geographical Account’ (1875), which was written following his return to London in 1872. In 1877 he published an abridged, popular account under the title ‘The Northern Barrier of India’" (Oxford DNB).
According to Peter Hopkirk, it was Frederic Drew who was in charge of the recovering of George Hayward's body in the Darkot village in the foothills of the Pamir Mountains. Hayward (1839-1870) was a British explorer who had been murdered during his expedition to Pamir, during one of the most tense phases of the Great Game (The Great Game, 2006, p.345-346).
"The author made a stay in Kashmir for nine years between 1862 and 1871, and travelled widely in its country. And he discovered how G. Hayward was killed in 1870, and found the burial site" (Yakushi D327).

25. DUMONT D'URVILLE, Jules Sebastien Cesar (1790-1842)
Voyage de Decouvertes Autour du Monde et a la Recherche de La Perouse, par M. J. Dumont d'Urville, Capitaine de Vaisseau, execute sous son commandement et par ordre du gouvernement, sur la Corvette l'Astrolabe, pendant les annees 1826, 1827, 1828, et 1829. Histoire du Voyage. [A Voyage of Discovery Around the World and the Search for La Perouse].

Paris: A la Librairie Encyclopedique de Roret, 1832-1833. Rare General Reader's Edition With a Signed Letter from Dumont d'Urville. Octavo, 5vols & Folio Atlas. cxii; [iv]; [iv]; [iv]; [iv], 528; 632; 796; 760; 678, [1] pp. Folio Atlas with lithographed portrait frontispiece, lithographed title, eight charts (six double-page), and twelve plates (six hand colored). Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with red gilt morocco labels and marbled boards. Handsomely rebacked in style using original boards, otherwise a near fine copy.
With a 1840 four page Autographed Letter Signed from Dumont d'Urville to Monsieur de Montrol.
"This was the first expedition commanded by Dumont d'Urville. Its purpose was to gain additional information about the principal groups of islands in the Pacific and to augment the mass of scientific data acquired by Louis Duperrey. The Astrolabe sailed south, around the Cape of Good Hope, and arrived at Port Jackson. Proceeding to New Zealand, a careful survey was done of its coast, especially the southern part of Cook Strait. Tonga and parts of the Fiji Archipelago were explored, then New Britain, New Guinea, Amboina, Tasmania, Vanikoro, Guam, and Java. The return home was by the way of Mauritius and the Cape of Good Hope. Massive amounts of scientific materials were collected and published. Dumont d'Urville is also known for an incident from an earlier voyage: in 1819, while on a surveying vessel near the island of Milos, locals told him about an ancient statue they had recently unearthed. After viewing the statue, he promptly arranged for it to be bought by the French government and shipped to Paris, where it remains in the collection of the Louvre. The statue is known as the Venus de Milo" (Hill 504); Howgego 1800-1850 D34.
The rare "household" or general reader's edition of Dumont-d'Urville's grand series of narrative and scientific volumes describing the Astrolabe expedition. The very rare atlas volume was issued but is rarely found as in this case with the text volumes (Australian Book Auctions).

26. DURAND, Jean-Baptiste-Léonard (1742-1812)
Voyage au Sénégal, ou mémoires historiques, philosophiques et politiques sur les découvertes, les établissemens et le commerce des Européens dans les mers de l'Océan Atlantique, depuis le Cap-Blanc jusqu'à la rivière de Serre-Lionne inclusivement ; suivis de la relation d'un voyage par terre de l'île Saint-Louis à Galam, et du texte arabe de trois traités de commerce faits par l'auteur avec les princes de pays. [Voyage to Senegal…].

Paris: Chez H. Agasse, An X, [1802]. Second Edition. 2 vols 8vo text & Quarto Atlas. lvi, 359, [1]; 383, [1]; 67 pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, forty-three numbered engraved plates, including sixteen folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full (text) & half (atlas) calf. Atlas with marbled boards. One text volume rebacked, otherwise a very good set.
In 1785 Durand was appointed head of the Third Company of Senegal on the Isle of St. Louis where he was a director between 1785-86. He then made a trip to Galam and concluded several treaties with the Moors, to promote the gum trade. ‘A Voyage to Senegal’ was inspired by the works of Father Labat and other writers, and includes a description of the journey of Mr. Rubault, who went to Galam and much information on the history, trade and commerce of the western African coast from Cape Blanc to the Sierra Leone River, which was the heart of the African slave trade in the 18th century. The work contains a very detailed map of the region and also engravings of local life, fauna and flora.
"During the eighteenth century the factories and settlements on the coast of Senegal had changed hands several times between the British and the French. The island of Goree had been returned to the French in 1763 at the conclusion of the Seven Years War, and 1779 Louis Philippe Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil, had recovered Saint Louis" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); Wikipedia.

27. ELLIS, Henry (1788-1855)
Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China; comprising a Correct Narrative of the Public Transactions of the Embassy, of the Voyage to and from China, and of the Journey from the Mouth of the Pei-Ho to the Return to Canton. Interspersed with Observations upon the Face of the Country, the Polity, Moral Character, and Manners of the Chinese Nation.

London: John Murray, 1817. First Edition With a Signed Letter from Lord Amherst. Quarto. vii, 526+ [1] pp. With a stipple portrait frontispiece of Lord Amherst, seven hand colored aquatint plates, and three engraved maps (one folding). Handsome period style brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Several unobtrusive blind stamps on title page and plates, otherwise a very nice copy.
With an Autographed Letter Signed by William Pitt Amherst (1773-1857) and dated Knole 29th July 1850 and addressed to the painter and engraver Joseph Lionel Williams.

"Sir Henry Ellis was a noted diplomat and historian. He served as third commissioner on Lord Amherst's Embassy to China in 1816, sent out by King George III to protest ill-treatment of British subjects. Unfortunately this honour was short-lived. Lord Amherst and his retinue were sent home after Amherst refused to "kow-tow" (nine strikings of the forehead on the ground) at his presentation to the Emperor Khein Lung in Peking. As if this was not enough, their ship, the Alceste, was wrecked off the coast of Sumatra on the return home. Happily, all hands survived, and another ship was found to carry them home again. On the return voyage the ship stopped at St. Helena, and included in the present text is Ellis' interview with Napoleon Bonaparte. On the journey out the Alceste had visited Madeira, Rio de Janeiro, Cape Town, Java, and Macao" (Hill 542).
"In 1816 Ellis accompanied Earl Amherst on his mission to China, and he recorded his experiences in A Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China (1817). The mission, to negotiate a new trade agreement, was unsuccessful. Ellis was not impressed by the Chinese, whom he considered xenophobic, ultra-traditional, and ‘uninteresting’. On the return voyage, Ellis and his companions were wrecked in the Strait of Gaspar and only reached Batavia after a perilous journey of several hundred miles in an open boat. Later they called at St Helena, where Ellis met Napoleon. Napoleon later hotly disputed Ellis's account of the meeting" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel 536; Cordier 239304; Lust 509; Tooley 20.

28. FRANKLAND, Capt. Charles Colville
Travels to and from Constantinople, in the Years 1827 and 1828: or Personal Narrative of a Journey from Vienna, Through Hungary, Transylvania, Wallachia, Bulgaria, and Roumelia, to Constantinople; and from that City to the Capital of Austria, by the Dardanelles, Tenedos, the Plains of Troy, Smyrna, Napoli di Romania, Athens, Egina, Poros, Cyprus, Syria, Alexandria, Malta, Sicily, Italy, Istria, Carniolia and Styria.

London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1830. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xiv, vii; 373, [1], 310; [2], [2] pp. With two hand colored aquatint frontispieces, fourteen uncolored aquatint plates (three folding), four maps & plans (two folding), and eleven wood engraved plates and seven wood engravings in text Very handsome period blue elaborately gilt tooled full polished calf with brown gilt morocco labels. A near fine set.
Important account on the Ottoman Empire published shortly after administrative, military and fiscal reforms by Sultan Mahmud II. The author, Charles Colville Frankland, was a Commander at Royal Navy (served since 1810), who later sailed to North America and West indies (HMS Alarm) and retired as an Admiral in 1875. He dedicated this book to his uncle, Sir Charles Lord Colville of Culross (1770-1843) who was an army officer and a participant of the Napoleonic wars.
Frankland left Vienna in March 1827 and returned there in June 1828. He proceeded to Constantinople through the South-Eastern Europe (Hungary, Transylvania, Walakhia, Bulgaria, Southern Balkans), described the Carpathian Mountains, local Turkish garrisons and forts. From Constantinople he went to Anatolya, the Island of Tenedos, the Plains of Troy (at that time Troy was not discovered yet), Smyrna; after that visited Napoli, Athens, Cyprus and went to Beirut where climbed the Mount Lebanon; Damascus, Alexandria, Malta, Sicily and returned to Vienna through Italy. Frankland describes the Battle of Navarino (1827) which ensured the independence of Greece from the Ottoman Empire. The Appendix contains a brief English-Arabic vocabulary and the Table of Posts (all points the author visited with the remarks about time of arrival, amount of horses used and their prices etc.). "Frankland spent fifteen months travelling the Levant from the spring of 1827 to the fall of 1828" (Atabey 460); Abbey Travel 26; Blackmer Sale 601; Weber II,174.

29. GERARD, Capt. Alexander (1792-1839)
Account of Koonawur, in the Himalaya, etc, etc, etc. By the late Capt. Alexander Gerard. Edited by George Lloyd.

London: James Madden & Co., 1841. First Edition. Octavo. xiii, 308, xxvi pp. With a large folding engraved map. Recent black gilt tooled full polished morocco. A partially uncut near fine copy.
One of the first accounts of the Western Himalaya, the book contains detailed descriptions of the boundaries and passes of Kinnaur and Ladakh districts of India, Western Tibet, rivers Sutley, Spiti and Baspa, manners and customs of its inhabitants, local trade routes etc. Additionally, Gerard was one of the first to describe altitude sickness: "On lofty mountains a depression of spirits and bodily debility, accompanied with severe head-aches, fullness in the head, oppression at the breast, and difficulty of respiration with now and then pains in the ears, affect every body in a greater or less degree; this arises from the rarefaction of the atmosphere<...> Those who cross the outer chain, attribute these symptoms to the noxious qualities of a poisonous plant; but the best informed, who are in the habit of traversing heights where there is no vegetation, know well that they are produced by the height alone...".
"First appointed to conduct a survey of Saharanpur district in the upper Ganges Jumna Doab in 1814, Gerard later moved to the town of Sabathu (at modern state Himachal Pradesh of India) which became the base of Gerard’s future expeditions. In the summer of 1817, accompanied by Dr George Govan, he executed one of the first expeditions to the Sutlej valley in the Himalayas, an area then relatively unknown to Europeans. In September 1818 Gerard and his brother James set out from Sabathu on a two-month journey across the Sutlej and northwards up the Spiti River to Shipki.
In June 1821 Gerard, initially accompanied by James, departed from Sabathu on his longest Himalayan journey. On 8 June they ascended the treacherous Shatul Pass (where in the previous year two of James's servants had frozen to death in a snowdrift), detoured to visit Yusu Pass in the east and then travelled on to the Borendo Pass (approximately 15,100 feet). The cold was extreme and the local guides refused to camp at altitude, leaving Gerard and his brother huddled in a tent with their ten servants, whom they had brought from the plains, smoking hookahs and drinking cherry brandy. From the Borendo Pass they crossed over to the Baspa valley before, on 23 June, James was obliged to return to duty. After exploring the ridges to the south of the Sutlej, on 24 July Gerard crossed the Keobarang Pass (18,313 feet), but just before Bekhur was prevented by Tibetan frontier guards (‘Chinese Tartars’) from penetrating further east into Tibet, Lake Manasarowar, source of the Sutlej, having been his object. Turned back at two more points by courteous but unyielding Tibetan officials, Gerard then travelled back down the Sutlej, crossed the Manirang Pass and, this time heading north-west, reached Manes, on the road to Leh, capital of Ladakh, on 31 August. Here too he was refused permission to proceed, whereupon he began his return journey, reaching Kotgarh (not far from Shimla) on 24 September. Disappointed at not having entered Tibet, Gerard had nevertheless amassed a vast amount of geographical information which he converted into beautifully drawn maps" (Oxford DNB); Howgego 1800-1850 G7; Yakushi G68.

30. GILLES, Pierre (1490-1555)
The Antiquities of Constantinople. With a Description of its Situation, the Conveniences of its Port, its Public Buildings, the Statuary, Sculpture, Architecture and other Curiosities of that City. With Cuts Explaining the Chief of them... Translated into English ... By John Ball.

London: [John Ball], 1729. First English Edition. Octavo, 2 parts bound in one. [xviii], 295, [9], 63 pp. With a copper engraved frontispiece and title-page, eleven other copper engraved plates (three folding) and a copper engraved vignette at the end of the second part. Period brown gilt tooled full sheep with red gilt morocco label. Extremities lightly rubbed, otherwise a fine copy.
First English edition of one of the earliest accounts of Constantinople under Turkish rule. The first edition was published in Latin with the title ‘De Topographia Constantinopoleos et de illius antiquitatibus, libri IV’ (Lyon, 1561). "This account of the Antiquities of that City given us by Gullius is not only the best, but indeed the only collective history of them" (Preface). The English edition is supplemented with an appendix dedicated to the Statues of Constantinople; detailed Explanatory Index, additional chapter "A Description of the Wards of the City" and eleven engravings, giving "a complete view of whatsoever is most remarkable in the Antiquities of Constantinople" (Preface).
The author, Pierre Gilles (Petrus Gyllius or Gillius) (1490-1555) was a French naturalist, topographer and translator who extensively travelled and studied throughout the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. At first he was attracted to ichthyology and surveyed the sea and fish along the Mediterranean coast of France and the Adriatic Sea. The result of his work "De Vi et Natura Animalium"(1533) was dedicated to Francis I of France who later made Gilles the royal librarian.
Francis I was the first Christian monarch to start official diplomatic relations with the Ottoman Empire and in 1536, Pierre Gilles joined one of these embassies to Constantinople and the Holy Land. In 1544 he went to Constantinople and stayed there for four years, collecting ancient manuscripts and exploring the ruins of the old city. Having exhausted all his money and receiving no communication from France, Gilles, in order to survive, was forced to join the troops of the Turkish Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Thus, Gilles participated in the Turkish wars against the king of Persia and had the misfortune of losing all his collections. Finally he managed to inform France about his troubles and they sent him the money necessary to continue his explorations. Gilles visited the ruins of the city of Chalcedon in the Bithynia province. In 1548 in Aleppo he made the first detailed description of an elephant based on its dissection. Baron d'Aramont, the Ambassador of Francis I at the court of the Sultan, brought Gilles back to France in 1550.
Gilles has left many works, all written in Latin. He is considered one the founders of the ichthyology of the Renaissance and "the father of the French zoology". He was the first of the modern naturalist who described the internal organs of an elephant and a hippopotamus. Information from Gilles’ books was used by Francois Rabelais in his famous "Gargantua and Pantagruel."
"The first illustrated edition" (Atabey 498); Gilles "accompanied D'Aramon's Embassy to the Porte in 1547, charged with collecting Greek Manuscripts and antiquities for Francois I of France. Gilles met Andre Thevet and travelled with him for a time in Asia" (Blackmer Collection 135-7); Weber (to 1801) 679. Pascal, Louis // Nouvelle Biographie Générale / M. Hoefer. Paris: Firmin Didot frères, fils, 1857. Vol. 20. P. 542-544.

31. GOLDSMID, Sir Frederic John (1818-1908) et al.
Eastern Persia, An Account of the Journey of the Persian Boundary Commission 1870-71-72: Vol. 1: The Geography with Narratives by Majors St. John, Lovett, and Euan Smith and an Introduction by Major-General Sir Frederic John Goldsmith; Vol. 2: The Zoology and Geology by W.T. Blanford.

London: Macmillan and Co., 1876. First Edition. Octavo. 2 vols. lviii; [i]; viii; 443; 516 pp. Vol. 1: With a woodcut frontispiece, one colored lithographed plate and three folded colored maps. Vol. 2: With a chromolithographed frontispiece, seventeen chromolithographed plates of mammals and birds by Keulemans, ten black and white lithographed plates of reptiles by Ford mainly from Southern Persia and Baluchistan and one folding colored map. Original publisher’s dark green gilt cloth. A very good set.
The leader of the expedition Major-General Sir Frederic John Goldsmid served for the East India Company's army and supervised the establishment of the Indo-European Telegraph in 1861-1870. Being an expert in Hindustani, Persian, Turkish and Arabic, in 1870 he was "was appointed a commissioner for the delimitation of the boundary between Persia and Baluchistan. His award was eventually accepted by the shah's government. In the same year Goldsmid was entrusted with the even more delicate task of investigating the claims of Persia and Afghanistan to the province of Sistan. The arbitral award was published at Tehran on 19 August 1872; Persia was confirmed in the possession of Sistan, while a section of the Helmand was left in Afghan territory. The impartiality of the award satisfied neither party, but it had the desired effect of keeping the peace" (Oxford DNB).
The account of the expedition is divided into four sections: Narrative of the Journey; Geography; Geology; and Zoology. The Zoology and Geology sections comprising the second volume were produced by William Thomas Blanford (1832-1905). "In 1871 Blanford... Began what was perhaps his most important surveying appointment the India-Persia boundary commission. In connection with this work he visited Baluchistan, Tehran, the Alborz mountains, and the Caspian Sea. He returned to England through Russia and Moscow in September 1872. His extensive travels in the region resulted in his contribution on the geology and zoology in An Account of the Journeys of the Persian Boundary Commission (1876)" (Oxford DNB).
"One of the most important books on the region" (Ghani p. 153); "During the course of this work, in 1871-72, he travelled inland from Bandar-e 'Abbas to Kerman, then southeast through little-known regions of Baluchistan to arrive on the coast to the west of Karachi. Returning to Tehran, he continued along the ancient caravan route through Yazd and Kerman, then turned northwest to explore Sistan province on the border of Afghanistan. From here he made his way north to Mashhad and returned along the established route to Tehran" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental, G31).

32. GRANDPRÉ, L[ouis Marie Joseph Ohier Comte de] (1761-1846)
Voyage dans l'Inde et au Bengale, fait dans les années 1789 et 1790 : Contenant la description des îles Séchelles et de Trinquemalay, des détails sur le caractère et les arts industrieux des peuples de l'Inde, la description de quelques pratiques religieuses des habitans du Bengale : suivi d'un voyage fait dans la mer rouge, contenant la description de Moka, et du commerce des Arabes de l'Yémen; des détails sur leur caractère et leurs moeurs, etc. etc. [A Voyage in the Indian Ocean and to Bengal, undertaken in the years 1789 and 1790: containing An Account of the Sechelles Islands and Trincomale; The Character and Arts of the People of India;... To which is added, A Voyage in the Red Sea; including A Description of Mocha, and of the Trade of the Arabs of Yemen].

Paris: Dentu, An IX-1801. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. [iv]; [iv]; 288; 318; [1] pp. With seven copper engraved folding plates. Original publisher's pink papered wrappers with printed paper labels. A near fine uncut set.
"Louis de Grandpré was a French army officer who made an extensive tour of the Indian Ocean region in 1789-90, which was published in Paris in 1801 under the title Voyage dans l’Inde et au Bengale fait dans les années 1789 et 1790, contenant la description des îles Séchelles et de Trinquemaly. Grandpré began his voyage in the French-controlled Île de France (Isle of France), as Mauritius was called, passed by the Maldives, and visited the Seychelles, India, Cochin China (Vietnam), Yemen, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), where he toured the fortress of Trincomale on the eastern coast of the island. Grandpré was very much concerned with the relative influence of the different European powers in the places he visited, especially India. His work includes a detailed analysis of the position of the French at Pondicherry, the main center of French influence in India" (World Digital Library); Howgego P84.

33. GROSIER, Jean Baptiste Gabriel Alexandre (1743-1823)
Description Générale de la Chine, Contenant, 1°. La Description topographique des quinze Provinces qui forment cet Empire, celle de la Tartarie.... [A General Description Of China: Containing The Topography Of The Fifteen Provinces Which Compose This Vast Empire; That Of Tartary, The Isles, And Other Tributary Countries].

Paris: Chez Moutard, 1787. First Illustrated Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxiv; [iv]; 647; 512 pp. With an engraved folding map and fifteen copper engraved folding plates. 19th century brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards and brown gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
"It is a general description of China, originally intended as the 13th volume of De Mailla’s history of China. Very rich in the observation and detail amassed by the Jesuits. Picture of an attractive country before semi-colonization set in"(Lust 30); A general survey covering the main Chinese provinces, Chinese Tartary, the bordering states, natural history of China, Chinese government, religion, manners and customs; and the literature, arts and sciences. "A considerable part of the work is devoted to natural history"(China Illustrata Nova II, 646 &651); Cordier Sinica 61; Cox I p.343.

34. HANWAY, Jonas (1712-1786)
An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea. With a Journal of Travels from London through Russia into Persia; and back Through Russia, Germany and Holland. To which are added, The revolutions of Persia during the present century, with the particular history of the great usurper Nadir Kouli.

London: Dodsley et al, 1753. First Edition. Quarto, 4 vols. bound in 3. xx; xv, [i]; xv; xv, [i]; 399; 374, [15]; 255; 301, [20] pp. With four copper engraved frontispieces, fifteen other copper engraved plates and nine folding engraved maps. Later period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with grey papered boards and red and green gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
The author "travelled to Russia in 1743 where he entered into a partnership with a certain Mr. Dingley, a merchant at St. Petersburg. In that year Hanway set out southward from Moscow with a caravan of woollen goods, followed the Volga and the western shores of the Caspian Sea, and arrived in Persia where he traded in the north of the country and along the Caspian coast. While there, according to his narrative published in 1753, he suffered many hardships and adventures. At Astrabad, his furthest east, he was robbed by Qajar rebels but, after visiting the shah at Hamadan, won compensation for his stolen goods. He returned in 1745 by way of the Caspian and Volga, and in 1750 returned to London, where, having amassed a considerable fortune, he retired from trade and 1753 published an account of his travels"(Howgego H21).
"Hanway was a well known traveller and philanthropist, popularly remembered as the pioneer user of the umbrella" (Cox I, p. 255); "One of the earliest accounts of the Caspian region by a European" (Ghani p. 167). "On 18 February 1743 he joined the Russia Company as junior partner with Charles Dingley and Henry Klencke, and took ship for Riga in April, and thence travelled overland to St Petersburg, where he was soon engaged in fitting out an expedition to Persia by way of the Caspian Sea. Hanway's mission was to sell English broadcloth for Persian silk and to evaluate the potential of trade with Persia, then ruled by the last great steppe conqueror, Shah Nadir Kuli Khan (1688-1747). A trans-Caspian trade had been pioneered by the Muscovy Company in 1566, but it was a tenuous link, dependent on political stability in central Asia and the co-operation of rulers in both Persia and Russia both of which were distant hopes in Hanway's time.
With only an English clerk, a Russian menial servant, a Tartar boy, and a Russian soldier, Hanway travelled to Moscow and thence to Astrakhan, where he boarded a British ship, the Empress of Russia, which conveyed him across the Caspian to Langarud. His destination was Mashhad, but his caravan was captured on the way by rebellious Khyars, allied to Turkomans from the steppes to the north. Robbed of his goods, and forced to flee in disguise along the bleak southern shores of the Caspian, he was rescued by merchant colleagues. He was later partially compensated by Nadir Shah, who desired cordial relations with the British in order to enlist British artisans to construct a Persian navy for the Caspian. However, Hanway, and those who sent him, had underestimated the insecurity of the route while exaggerating the potential of the trade. In retrospect he concluded that the trade held no great promise, for Persia was too poor and Russia was wholly disinclined to see the expansion of Persian power on its southern frontier. From these adventures he derived his motto in later life, ‘Never Despair’. Hanway spent the next five years in St Petersburg, trying to revive his trade and reputation, before he returned to Britain via Germany and the Netherlands, in October 1750" (Oxford DNB).

35. HIPPISLEY, G[ustavus] Died 1831
A Narrative of the Expedition to the Rivers Orinoco and Apure, in South America; Which Sailed from England in November 1817, and Joined the Patriotic Forces in Venezuela and Caraccas.

London: John Murray, 1819. First Edition. Octavo. xix, 653 pp. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards with a brown gilt morocco label. Extremities mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.
"An interesting account of the barbarous war between the Spanish Royalists and the Republicans in Venezuela, and of the British Brigade, the majority of whom died from disease and exposure. Casting doubt on the final triumph of Bolivar, owing to his utter incompetence, etc." (Maggs); Howgego 1800-1850, B43. "Written by a disillusioned English idealist to save his countrymen "from becoming the victims of jealousy, treachery, falsehood, and oppression" (Swanns); Sabin 31988; Welch p.256.

36. HUTTON, William
A Voyage to Africa: Including a Narrative of an Embassy to one of the Interior Kingdoms, in the year 1820; with Remarks on the Course and Termination of the Niger, and Other Principal Rivers in that Country.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1821. First Edition. Octavo. x, 488 pp. With two folding maps and four hand-colored aquatints on plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled treed full calf with a red gilt morocco label. Hinges cracked but holding, extremities mildly rubbed, Title page with expertly removed library marking, otherwise a very good copy.
The author's journey closely followed the route of Thomas Edward Bowdich's "Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee". "The author was acting consul for Ashantee, and an officer of the African Company" (Bonhams). The book contains an account of the author's journey to Kumasi and includes a vocabulary and short grammar of the Ashanti and Fanti languages. Also included is a account of the murder of Mr. Meredith, the governor of Winnebah Fort in 1812. Abbey Travel, 280; Gay 2871; Hess & Coger 6404; Cardinall 563.

37. KOTZEBUE, Otto Von (1787-1846)
Voyage of Discovery in the South Sea, and to Behring's Straits, in Search of a North-east Passage; Undertaken in the Years 1815, 16, 17, and 18, in the Ship Rurick.

London: Sir Richard Phillips, 1821. First Edition. Octavo. 220 pp. With four folding maps and thirteen engravings and aquatints on plates, three folding and four colored. Period style red gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with marbled boards. A very good copy.
With five of the possible seven additional plates, not present in most copies. "The second Russian expedition into the Pacific for scientific exploration, sponsored by Count Romanzoff, was commanded by Lieutenant Kotzebue, and also included the famous artist Ludovik Choris. Kotzebue had also sailed with Captain Kruzenshtern in 1803-06. Leaving Kronstadt in 1815, the Rurik rounded Cape Horn and visited Chile, Easter Island, and the Marshall Islands. Kotzebue explored the North American coast and Hawaii and searched unsuccessfully for a passage to the Arctic Ocean. The description of the northwest coast of America is a most important contribution" (Hill 943-4). Forbes 529; Howgego 1800-1850 K20; Sabin 38292.

38. MACFARLANE, Charles (1799-1858)
Constantinople in 1828: a residence of sixteen months in the Turkish capital and provinces : with an account of the present state of the naval and military power, and of the resources of the Ottoman empire. To which is added an appendix, containing remarks and observations to the autumn of 1829.

London: Saunders and Otley, 1829. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxvii, [i]; viii, 517; 491 pp. With two hand colored aquatint frontispieces, one folding tinted lithograph and one folding aquatint. Period brown gilt tooled polished full calf, rebacked in style using original brown gilt morocco labels. Some mild foxing of the folding plates, otherwise a very good set.
"MacFarlane travelled to Turkey in 1827-8. This was a critical period in Turkish history, following the Battle of Navarino and the ending of the Greek revolution, and the renewal of Russian ambitions in the East" (Atabey 741-2); Abbey Travel 393. "MacFarlane resided in Constantinople for sixteen months, and there is a long description of the city and of Smyrna" (Balckmer Sale 798). "In 1827 he travelled to Turkey and spent sixteen months in Constantinople and the surrounding provinces. On returning to Britain in February 1829 he published his first book, Constantinople in 1828. Both a travelogue and a recent history of Turkey, this extensive work was enlivened by occasional lively descriptions of everyday events, but was imbued with Macfarlane's rampant racial prejudices against Armenians, Jews, and (to a lesser degree) Turks, which were only moderated by his obvious susceptibility to all varieties of Eastern women" (Oxford DNB). This copy with the folding view of Constantinople, not present in all copies.

39. MANNERHEIM, Carl Gustav Emil (1867-1951)
Across Asia from West to East in 1906-1908.

Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, 1940. First Edition. Large Quarto, 2 vols. [iv]; [vi]; 741; [iii]; 53, 15, 47, 35, 35, 35, 12, 5, 30, 12 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, a folded index plate, fourteen folding maps and numerous photo illustrations in text. Donor's list loosely inserted. Original publisher’s printed beige cloth. A fine set.
"The author crossed the Tien Shan from Kashgar three times, and then to Lanchow through the Gobi in the years 1906-08. From there he travelled to Peking via Shansi" (Yakushi M157). The book was published as the eighth volume of the Ethnographic works of the Finno-Ugrian Society (Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura). Volume 1 contains Mannerheim’s diary, volume 2 scientific articles based on the collections, and itineraries.
The travel was conducted during the last phase of the Great Game in Central Asia with the goal of acquiring accurate, on-the-ground intelligence about the topography of the Northern China, local infrastructure and military forces. "With a small caravan, including a Cossack guide, Chinese interpreter and Uyghur cook, Mannerheim first trekked to Khotan in search of British and Japanese spies. Upon returning to Kashgar, he headed north into the Tian Shan range, surveying passes and gauging the attitudes of Kalmyk, Kazakh and Kyrgyz tribes towards the Han Chinese. He arrived in the provincial capital of Urumqi, and then headed east to Turpan, Hami and Dunhuang in Gansu province. He followed the Great Wall of China through the Hexi Corridor, and investigated a mysterious tribe known as Yugurs. From Lanzhou, the provincial capital, he headed south into Tibetan territory and the lamasery of Labrang, where he was stoned by xenophobic monks. He eventually made it to Xi'an, Zhengzhou and Kaifeng in Central China. At Zhengzhou, he took a train to Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province, and then trekked to the sacred Buddhist mountain of Wutai Shan, where he met the Dalai Lama, who was launching a nascent campaign to free Tibet from Chinese Imperial rule. Mannerheim gave the Tibetan pontiff his own pistol as a gift and for protection against the Chinese.
Mannerheim then headed north beyond the Great Wall into steppe traditionally occupied by Mongol herders. He arrived in Hohhot, the capital of Inner Mongolia, and found the Mongols in a rebellious mood because of a corrupt military Governor who was colonizing Mongol pasture lands with Han Chinese farmers. Mannerheim eventually arrived in Beijing in July 1908, where he worked on his military intelligence report. He returned to St. Petersburg via Japan and the Trans-Siberian Express" (Wikipedia).
As a result of the expedition Mannerheim mapped 3087 km of his route, thoroughly described the area between Kashgar and Turpan, surveyed Taushkan-darja River, conducted plans of 20 Chinese cities and forts and described the city of Lanzhou (North-western China) as a possible Russian military base. He also gave a detailed analysis of military reforms in China, Han colonization of ethnic borderlands, mining and industry, railway construction, the influence of Japan and opium smoking.
Apart from that Mannerheim collected more than 2000 artefacts of Chinese culture and 2000 ancient manuscripts; brought a collection of rare Chinese drawings depicting 420 deities of different religions of China; compiled a dictionary of the languages of the Northern China; conducted anthropometric research of local tribes; took 1353 photographs and made extensive diary notes. The collections brought by Mannerheim went to the National Museum of Finland in Helsinki. After the expedition Mannerheim became an honorary member of Russian Geographical Society. Howgego 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, O6).

40. MAWSON, Sir Douglas (1882-1958)
Home of the Blizzard: Being the Story of the Australian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914.

London: William Heinemann, 1915. First Edition With a Signed Letter from Mawson To Mrs. Scott. Large Octavo, 2 vols. xxx; xiii; [349]; [338] pp. With two photogravure frontispieces (one portrait), 21 color plates, many other black and white plates and in text illustrations, and three folding maps in rear pocket of volume two. Original navy pictorial silver gilt cloth. Gilt on spines and volume two cover faded, otherwise a very good set.
With a signed letter from Mawson on P. & O.S.N, Co. letterhead undated from Columbo to Mrs. [Robert Falcon] Scott discussing the "rather unpleasant" voyage he is currently on.
"This expedition narrative includes Mawson's account of his epic return after losing both his companions, all but a tiny amount of his food and all his dogs. A novelist would not dare pen such an incredibly unbelievable story. One of the most gripping Antarctic stories" (Conrad p.208); Headland 1789; Howgego 1850 -1940 Polar Regions, M29.
"Mawson organized and led the noted Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-14, sailing in the Aurora (under Captain J. K. Davis). He left a wireless station at Macquarie Island under G. F. Ainsworth, and in the continent established his own main base at Cape Denison, in what was later to become George V Land; that of J. R. F. Wild was established on the Shackleton ice shelf in Queen Mary Land farther west. Davis and the land parties explored nearly 2000 miles of coastline, while sledge parties traversed some 4000 miles in the coastlands and hinterlands, gaining scientific information of great value. In George V Land the explorers encountered one of the most stormy and crevasse-imperilled regions of the world; on one inland sledging expedition Mawson lost both his companions, Xavier Mertz and B. E. S. Ninnis, and only survived himself by the exercise of iron determination, superb physique, and the unfailing courage evident in all his expeditions. His return to base in early February 1913 was so delayed that the party were obliged to stay another winter before they could be relieved" (Oxford DNB).
"Mawson wrote the first seven chapters of the book during the second winter at Cape Denison; the remaining chapters were written during the first several months after the expedition's return" (Rosove 217); Spence 774. "As leader of his own Antarctic expedition, Mawson charted more than 2000 miles of coastline and nearly lost his life in a wild sledge journey. In the process, he developed a detailed scientific analysis of George V Land and Macquarie Island, and produced this classic account of "heroic age" exploits, which includes stunning photography from the camera of Frank Hurley" (Taurus 100).

41. M'CLINTOCK, Captain (1819-1907)
The Voyage of the 'Fox' in the Arctic Seas: A Narrative of the Discovery of the Fate of Sir John Franklin and His Companions.

London: John Murray, 1859. First Edition With a Signed Letter by M'Clintock. Octavo. xxvii, 403, [3] pp. With a wood engraved frontispiece, and eighteen other plates and maps, including four folding. Original blue pictorial gilt cloth. A near fine copy.
With an Autograph Letter Signed by M'Clintock, to Mr. White, dated Trinity House, London, 2nd July 1891, thanking his correspondent for his support of Mr. Layard's application.

"The following narrative of the bold adventure which has successfully revealed the last discoveries and the fate of Franklin is published at the request of the friends of that illustrious navigator" (p.vii). This voyage lasted from 1857 to 1859, and endeavoured to find out how Franklin and his men had died. Sponsored by Lady Franklin and public subscription, McClintock's lieutenant W.R. Hobson found a boat left by Franklin's men along with a note that told of Franklin's death. "In addition to solving the mystery of the Franklin expedition, McClintock and his men made observations on geology and meteorology, and collected fossils and biological specimens" (Holland, p.251); Arctic Bibliography 10557.
"In 1859, M'Clintock found the log book, diaries, documents, and relics left by the Franklin expedition in 1848 on King William Island, for which he was knighted in 1860. His account is important not only for the discovery of significant clues about the fate of Franklin and the members of his expedition, but also for its scientific information. There is an extensive geological account in the appendix" (Hill 1121); "The Admiralty refused to fund yet another expedition, so Lady Franklin turned to McClintock, who [in 1857] agreed to lead the expedition and was granted eighteen months leave from naval duties. In particular, Lady Franklin wished to confirm the report of John Rae that Sir John and his party had perished somewhere near the mouth of the Back River, on the extreme north-eastern coast of the Canadian mainland" (Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, M31). "The expedition returned to England in 1859, bringing with it the written memorandum of Franklin's death, the abandonment of the ships, and the fate of the whole party" (Oxford DNB); Sabin 43043.

42. M'DOUGALL, George F. (c.1825-1871)
The Eventful Voyage of the H.M. Discovery Ship "Resolute" to the Arctic Regions in Search of Sir John Franklin and the Missing Crews of H.M. Discovery Ships "Erebus" and "Terror," 1852, 1853, 1854. To Which is Added an Account of her Being Fallen in with by an American Whaler After her Abandonment in Barrow Straits, and of her Presentation to Queen Victoria by the Government of the United States.

London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts, 1857. First Edition. Octavo. xl, 530, [1], 24 pp. With 8 chromolithographs, 24 woodcuts, and a hand colored folding map. Original brown blind stamped patterned gilt cloth. Some moderate foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
"The Resolute, commanded by Captain Henry Kellett, formed part of the five-ship search force sent out under the overall command of Rear Admiral Sir Edward Belcher. Leaving one ship, The North Star, at Beechey Island as a base, the other four ships made important explorations as they searched unsuccessfully for Franklin. In May of 1854, convinced that the four ships could not be freed from the ice, Belcher ordered the squadron abandoned. Kellet objected strongly, believing the abandonment premature. Later naval historians have tended to agree with Kellett. The crews traveled over the ice for two weeks, until they reached the North Star and returned in her to England. The Resolute freed herself from the ice and drifted unharmed for a thousand miles before being recovered and ultimately presented to Queen Victoria" (Hill 1124); "Kellett and McClintock turned their attention to the search for Franklin's expedition and the exploration of new lands in the vicinity of Melville Island" (Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, B15); Arctic Bibliography 10603; Sabin 43183.

43. MOHR, Edward (1828-1876)
To the Victoria Falls of the Zambesi... Translated by N. D’Anvers.

London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1876. First Edition. Octavo. xiv, 462, 36 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, four chromolithographed plates, eleven wood-engraved plates, and a folding map. Early 20th century period style maroon gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Some mild finger soiling, spine faded and mildly rubbed, otherwise a very good copy.
"A German sportsman, Mohr travelled to the Victoria Falls partly for the sake of hunting, partly in the hope of making geographical discoveries. After landing at Cape Town, he and his companions ventured into the interior, crossing the Tugela River and enjoying a wide variety of sport ... an excellent work of exploration and sport" (Czech p116). "Mohr had been fired [up] by the accounts of Carl Mauch's discoveries, and set out on an expedition, "partly for the sake of hunting, partly in the hope of making geographical discoveries". He was joined by Mr. Adolph Huebner, the expedition [was] financed by Dr. August Petermann ..., Mohr [reached] the Victoria Falls on June 20 1870" (Mendelssohn II, 32-33).
"The first German to set eyes on the Victoria Falls, fifteen years after their discovery by Livingstone. Mohr was a competent botanist, entomologist and zoologist and a map-maker, which led to his friendship with the explorer Thomas Baines" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, M76); Hess & Coger 3086.

44. MONTANUS, Arnoldus (1625-1683)
Ambassades mémorables de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales des Provinces Unies vers les Empereurs du Japon. [Memorable Embassies of East India Company of the United Provinces to the Emperor of Japan].

Amsterdam: Jacob de Meurs, 1680. First French Edition. Folio. [vi], 227, [8], 146, [6] pp. Title in red and black with integral engraved vignette. Engraved additional title, 26 engraved maps and plates (1 folding map, 4 folding plates, 21 double-page plates), 70 engraved illustrations, occasional engraved initials and head-pieces. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled mottled full calf. Handsomely rebacked in style, a few plates with repairs, otherwise a very good copy.
This work "is a rich compilation of descriptions of emissaries of the Dutch East India Company and their encounters with natives and Portuguese, devoted strictly to Japan, its land and its people" (Christies). "It remains one of the most important works on Japan published in the seventeenth century, and includes fine town views of Edo (Tokyo), Osaka and the Dutch trading settlement Deshima" (Sothebys). This detailed, highly illustrated monumental work on Japan was compiled by the Dutch minister Arnold Montanus. He based his work on journals from the Dutch East India Company Embassy of 1649 which had pretended to be "an official embassy from the Dutch government rather than from the VOC" (Lach: Asia in the Making of Europe p.1876) and "the description of Henry Indyk's Embassy to Edo in March 1661, [which] is unusually rich in details" (Lach p.1881).
"During this period of isolation (Sakoku) that began in 1635.., the shogunate placed foreigners under progressively tighter restrictions. It monopolized foreign policy and expelled traders, missionaries, and foreigners with the exception of the Dutch and Chinese merchants who were restricted to the man-made island of Dejima in Nagasaki Bay and several small trading outposts outside the country" (Wikipedia). "The plates to this work represent a high-water mark in book illustrations of the 17th century" (Cox I p.325); Cordier Japonica 385; Landwehr VOC 525.

45. MURRAY, James & Marston, George
Antarctic Days, Sketches of the Homely side of Polar life by two of Shackleton's men. Illustrated by the Authors, James Murray and George Marston, and introduced by Sir Ernest Shackleton.

London: Andrew Melrose, 1913. First Trade Edition. Octavo. xxi, 199 pp. With 29 black and white photographic plates and many text illustrations, some full page. Original publishers blue gilt cloth. Spine ends with mild rubbing, spine very slightly darkened, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare trade edition of this book. "Antarctic Days is a fine compliment to the two giants of the Antarctic bibliography also emanating from Shackleton's 1907-09 expedition, Aurora Australis and The Heart of the Antarctic, and is one of the most sought-after Antarctic titles.., [and is] very scarce" (Rosove 236.A2). "Topical accounts of expedition life that help give the flavour of life with the Boss" (Conrad p. 145); Spence 831; "Written with a good deal of jocularity, it gives us a feeling for the personal side of Shackleton's Nimrod expedition" (Taurus 61). "The shore party [of the Nimrod Expedition] consisted of fifteen men, including Shackleton. Professor T. W. Edgeworth David and Douglas Mawson had embarked at Sydney. Their sledge journey to the south magnetic pole was one of the three foremost achievements of this expedition. The other two achievements were, first, the ascent and survey of Mount Erebus (12,448 feet), the active volcano on Ross Island and, second, the southern sledge journey, which reached within 100 miles of the south pole" (Oxford DNB).

46. NARES, Captain Sir George S. (1831-1915)
Journals and Proceedings of the Arctic Expedition, 1875-6.

London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1877. First Edition With a Carte de Viste Photograph of Nares. Folio. vii, 484 pp. With text illustrations plus nine uncolored maps (seven folding), seven colored maps (six folding), and sixteen plates (twelve folding). Period navy patterned gilt lettered full cloth. A near fine copy.
With a Carte de Viste Photograph of Nares produced by J. Griffin & Co. London ca. 1878.
This work is the official British government report of the Arctic Expedition of 1876- 7 commanded by Captain George S. Nares. The expedition's primary objective was to attain the highest northern latitude and, if possible, to reach the North Pole, and from winter quarters to explore the adjacent coasts within the reach of traveling parties. The expedition was the first to sail ships through the channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island and as far north as the Lincoln Sea. A sledging party under Captain Albert Hastings Markham also set a new record on land, reaching as far north as 83° 20'.
The "British Arctic expedition of 1875-6, in the vessels Alert and Discovery, [had] the chief aim of which was to reach the north pole. Reports of the American expeditions of Isaac Israel Hayes, 1860-61, and C. F. Hall, 1870-73, had revived the belief in an open polar sea and suggested that land extended far to the north, west of Robeson Channel. Both these theories proved to be wrong, but at the time they indicated the Smith Sound route as the best line of advance to the pole. The vessels sailed on 29 May 1875 and reached winter quarters on the coast of Grinnell Land (Ellesmere Island), the Discovery in latitude 81°44' N., and the Alert, with Nares, in latitude 82°27' N ‘the most northerly point hitherto reached in the Canadian Arctic’ (Levere, 281).
The following spring sledge parties were sent out. That led by Lieutenant Pelham Aldrich of the Alert explored the north coast of Ellesmere Island westwards. They reached its most northerly point (Cape Columbia) and continued to Cape Alfred Ernest (Alert Point) before turning back, having charted some 400 km of new coastline (Hattersley-Smith, 121). Lieutenant Lewis A. Beaumont of the Discovery followed the coast of Greenland northwards to Sherard Osborn Fjord. Meanwhile, a party led by Commander A. H. Markham of the Alert struck out over the ice in an attempt to get to the pole. They reached 83°20' N, a heroic achievement considering that the pack ice was extremely rough, and also drifting south almost as fast as they were travelling northwards. Their experience and an outbreak of scurvy affecting both ships led Nares to call off the entire expedition and return home early, in the late summer of 1876" (Oxford DNB).
This official work includes reports of the expedition's two ships, the Alert and the Discovery, and various autumn 1875 and spring 1876 traveling parties (including journals of the various sledge parties). The volume provides incredible detail concerning the daily activities and experience of the expedition, including descriptions of the ice, weather, wildlife, vegetation, and the health and activities of the members of the expedition. The appendix (Nares' report on the quality and quantity of the provisions) is also of great interest, noting which supplies were particularly worthwhile and which items were useless. Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions N6.

47. ORLICH, Captain Leopold von (1804-1860)
Travels in India, Including Sinde and the Punjab. Translated from German by H. Evans Lloyd.

London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1845. First English Edition. Octavo. xv; vii; 278; 314 2, 32; 2 pp. With a chromolithographed and tinted lithographed frontispieces, two folding tables and wood engravings in text. Original green gilt publisher’s cloth with ornamental blind stamping. The spines are slightly faded and with some mild foxing of the first few pages of vol. 1, otherwise a very good set.
Leopold von Orlich was a renowned Prussian writer and historian and an officer in the Prussian Emperor Alexander Regiment. In 1842 he came to India to participate in the Kabul Campaign of the British army, but came too late and joined the army on its victorious way back. Thence he widely travelled across India "to make himself acquainted with that remarkable country, which has been visited by very few of his countrymen" (Preface).
Orlich had opportunity to get very interesting information as his personal friend was Colonel Sykes, a director of the East India Company at the time; "The very cordial reception which this distinguished officer met with from the various civil and military functionaries, and the marked attention with which he was honoured by Lord Ellenborough, together with his visit to the native princes of Sinde, Lahore and Oude, have enabled him to collect ample materials, which he has wrought into a highly interesting narrative"(Preface). In a letter dated 1843 and addressed to Maharaja Shere Singh, the British Governor General Lord Ellenborough introduced Orlich as "of the guards of his Majesty the King of Prussia, whom his Majesty had sent to witness the campaign in Afghanistan. Capt. Orlich has been a witness to the recent evidences of the mutual friendship of the two allied governments; and I rejoice he will be enabled to report to his sovereign that our alliance endures forever".
The author "travelled from London to Kuraschy and Sakkar. At Ferospur he finally caught up with the army of the East India Company but had by that time missed out on most of the action. He therefore decided to spend his time acquiring a greater understanding of the subcontinent, about which little was known in his own country" (Howgego 1800-1850, I1). "About the journey to Bombay, Poona, Sind, Ferozepur, Bhawalpur, Hyderabad, Ahmedpur, Punjab, Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow...,etc" (Kaul Travels 596).
The book is composed in the form of letters to Alexander von Humboldt and Carl Ritter and is supplemented with a detailed subject index. First German edition was published in Leipzig on the same year as the English edition. Leopold von Orlich took his discharge in 1848 as Major and from then on he lived mostly in England. He is the author of several historical works dedicated to the Prussian and Indian history. One of the only important travel narratives of 19th century British India by a German. Lipperheide 1495.

48. PARK, Mungo (1771-1806)
Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa: performed in the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797. With an Account of a Subsequent Mission to that Country in 1805. To which is added an Account of the Life of Mr. Park. A New Edition. With an Appendix Containing Illustrations of Africa by Major Rennell.

London: John Murray, 1816-1815. New Edition, Most Complete. Quarto, 2 vols. xviii, [ii]; xvii, [i]; 458; 373 pp. With a portrait frontispiece, five other copper engraved plates and four folding engraved maps (two outline hand colored). Later period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with brown cloth boards and brown gilt morocco labels. A near fine set.
Park "was the first of modern Europeans to reach the well-nigh fabulous waters of the Niger" (Cox I, p.395-6). "In 1794 Park offered his services to the African Association, the intention being to follow the route pioneered by Daniel Houghton across West Africa in an attempt to reach the River Niger… His offer was accepted and it was decided to recruit fifty more men to act as his escort. Impatient to depart, however, Park sailed alone, telling his brother that there was no doubt that he would "acquire a greater name than any ever did”. He took with him a letter of credit for 200 pounds and an introduction to a fellow Scot, Dr. John Laidley, who ran a slave-trading post on the Gambia River and had seen Houghton off on his fatal journey.., After following Houghton's route to Medina he diverted slightly northward to Kayes and reached Simbing where he was shown the site of Houghton's death. At Jarra, Park entered the Moorish kingdom of Ludamar, where he was subjected to every kind of abuse.., Robbed of his last possessions, he eventually succeeded in entering Bambara country to the southeast, where the natives were fortunately friendly. Having joined a group of refugees travelling east, he reached Segou on the River Niger, where he was at last able to confirm that the river flowed towards the east. Induced to leave Segou, he continued northeast along the Niger, travelling through Sansanding and reaching the village of Silla. At Silla he decided to make his way back.., Warmly received in London, Park, spent the next year writing his immensely popular "Travels into the Interior of Africa"… In September 1804 he was summoned to London to organize a new expedition.., The expedition traced the earlier return route as far as Bamako, then descended the Niger as far as Bussa (in Nigeria). There, with Lieutenant Martyn and two soldiers, he died (April 1806?) by drowning during a native attack" (Howgego P21).
"Together with Bryan Edwards, the secretary of the African Association, Park drew up a draft account of his travels for the members of the association. James Rennell added a map which showed the Niger flowing eastward (as Park had seen it) and petering out into a vast swamp. Park then returned to Selkirk and wrote up the draft for publication. His Travels, published in 1799, was a bestseller. Three editions were printed during the first year, and it was immediately translated into French and German, and eventually other languages. Written in a straightforward, unpretentious, narrative style, it gave readers their first realistic description of everyday life in west Africa, depicted without the censorious, patronizing contempt which so often has disfigured European accounts of Africa. For though Park disliked what he perceived as the superstitions of paganism and the bigotry of Islam, and regretted that 200 years of acquaintance with Europeans had left them totally ignorant of Christianity, he presented the people he met as people basically like himself. Having shared their activities, he recorded their joys and sorrows sympathetically, admiring what he thought admirable, and deploring what he thought deplorable. In it he comes over personally as an attractively modest figure, anxious to impart information but without making it boring or pedantic, and making light of his recollected adventures.
The volume included as appendices a Mandinka vocabulary, Rennell's comments on the apparent implications of his geographical discoveries, and a women's song he had recorded, turned into verse by the duchess of Devonshire, and printed with accompanying music by G. G. Ferrari.., Park's death put a stop to the quest for the Niger until after the Napoleonic wars, and it was 1830 before the Landers finally reached its mouth. But his story caught popular imagination, particularly in Scotland. Tall and handsome, practical, adventurous and aspiring, but at the same time unassuming and rather reserved in manner, he seemed an exemplar of Scottish virtues" (Oxford DNB).

49. PATERSON, Lieutenant William (1755-1810)
A Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots, and Caffraria, in the Years 1777, 1778, 1779.

London: J. Johnson, 1789. First Edition. Quarto. xii, 171, iii, [1] pp. With a folding map and seventeen copper engraved plates. Handsome period brown gilt tooled treed full calf with a maroon gilt morocco label, housed in a custom made black cloth slipcase. Hinges cracked, otherwise a very good clean copy.
"Mr. Patterson accompanied Colonel Gordon (Commander of the Troops of the Dutch East India Company in South Africa) and Jacob van Reenen in several trips to the interior. He remarked that he does not give a description of the Cape as he would be only repeating what Sparrman and Mason (Masson) had already communicated in their publications. In the course of his travels the author penetrated as far as Namaqualand on the west, and the Great Fish River on the south-east. Although the principal feature of the work is a description of the botanical specimens collected and noted by Mr. Paterson, there are many interesting notes respecting the natives, with a few remarks on the Dutch Colonists" (Mendelssohn II p.143).
"Paterson is credited with having brought to England the first giraffe skin ever seen there. He made four expeditions into the interior from the Cape to the Orange River and Kaffir land, mainly in the interest of natural history. He collected many birds and numerous specimens of plants. In 1789 he was one of the lieutenants who were chosen to recruit and command a corps for the purpose of protecting the new convict colony at Botany Bay. Later he was appointed Governor of New South Wales" (Cox I p.390). "Paterson's journal, one of the first in English to describe the interior of South Africa, was published in 1789" (Howgego P28).

50. PERCIVAL, Robert (1765-1826)
An Account of the Island of Ceylon, Containing its History, Geography, Natural History, with the Manners and Customs of its Various Inhabitants; to which is added, the Journal of an Embassy to the Court of Candy ... With an Appendix Containing some Particulars of the Recent Hostilities with the King of Candy.

London: C. & R. Baldwin, 1805. Second Edition. Quarto. xii, [ii], 446 pp. With an engraved frontispiece, a large folding outline hand-colored map, three folding charts, and four engraved plates. Period style brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards. A very good copy.
"A short history of the island prior to British rule, including conquests of the Portuguese, Dutch and English; general description of Ceylon ..., present state of the island and revenue. The appendix gives an account of the war in Ceylon in 1803" (Kaul Travels in South Asia 285). "In 1797 Percival travelled to Ceylon, where he seems to have remained for three years; afterwards he published An account of Ceylon [with] the journal of an embassy to the court of Candy (1803). In this he described the effects of Portuguese and Dutch rule, citing instances of Dutch cruelty and treachery, and discussing the population, economy and main towns of Ceylon. Sydney Smith declared the work to ‘abound with curious and important information’" (Oxford DNB); Goonetileke 35a.

51. PERRY, Charles (1698-1780)
A View of the Levant: particularly of Constantinople, Syria, Egypt, and Greece. In which their Antiquities, Politics, Maxims, Manners, and Customs, (with many other Circumstances and Contingencies) are attempted to be described and treated on.

London: T. Woodward, 1743. First Edition. Folio. xviii, [viii], 524, [4] pp. With 33 numbered copper engraved plates on twenty sheets, seven double-page. Period brown gilt tooled full sheep. Rebacked in lighter calf, using original boards, boards worn at extremities, otherwise a very good clean copy.
"Perry, Charles, traveller and medical writer, studied medicine at Leiden and graduated from Utrecht on 5 February 1723. Between 1739 and 1742 he travelled in France and Italy, and in the Middle East he visited Constantinople, Egypt, Palestine, and Greece. On his return he published a View of the Levant, particularly of Constantinople, Syria, Egypt and Greece in which their antiquities, government, politics, maxims, manners and customs are described (1743). This was an important early work on Egypt; it contained much interesting information particularly on Upper Egypt, which until then was relatively little known. The handsome volume was illustrated with thirty-three fine plates engraved by George Bickham the younger, a noted contemporary engraver. In the preface Perry admitted to having bought some representations of the carvings, though he did verify their accuracy in person. The scale plans of various temples were, however, his own work" (Oxford DNB).
"Charles Perry, a physician by profession, travelled extensively between 1739 and 1742 in France, Italy, and the East, visiting Constantinople, Egypt, Palestine, and Greece. Most of the Plates in the present work illustrate Egyptian antiquities. He travelled up the Nile to Aswan providing the earliest description of the Temple of Isis at Behbit el-Hagar and the frescoes of the tombs of the Beni Hasan necropolis" (Blackmer Sale 251); Atabey 940: Gay 2185; Hilmy II, p.108; Howgego P117; Weber II, 543.

52. POTTINGER, Lieutenant Henry (1789-1856)
Travels in Beloochistan and Scinde Accompanied by a Geographical and Historical Account of Those Countries, with a Map.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1816. First Edition. Quarto. xxx, 423 pp. With a hand colored aquatint frontispiece and a large folding hand colored map. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled speckled full calf with maroon and brown gilt morocco labels. With an ownership inscription and a private library stamp on title-page, otherwise a very good copy.
Sir Henry Pottinger was an Anglo-Irish officer and colonial administrator, the first Governor of Hong Kong. In 1804, he went to India to serve in the army. In 1806, he joined the British East India Company and in 1809, he fought in the Maratha war as a lieutenant. "In the spring of 1810.., Pottinger set out on an expedition to explore Baluchistan, southern Afghanistan and the interior of Persia. [His] orders were to collect information on roads and other means of moving troops and to study the political situation in Heart. [He] travelled in disguise, posing as a Muslim horse-trader on his way to Heart to buy some famous Central Asian horses for their master, a rich Muslim Indian" (Howgego P43).
"In 1808 Pottinger was sent on a mission to Sind under Nicholas Hankey Smith, the British political agent at Bushehr. In 1809, when Sir John Malcolm's mission to Persia was postponed, Pottinger and a friend, Captain Charles Christie, offered to explore the area between India and Persia in order to acquire information lacking to the government, which accepted the offer. The travellers, disguised as Indians, and accompanied by a local horse dealer and two servants, left Bombay on 2 January 1810, journeying by sea to Sind, and from there by land to Kalat. They were immediately recognized as Europeans, and even as having belonged to the embassy at Sind, but safely reached Nushki, near the boundary between Afghanistan and Baluchistan; here Christie diverged northwards to Herat, and proceeded thence by Yazd to Esfahan, while Pottinger, keeping in a westerly direction, travelled through Kerman to Shiraz, and joined Christie at Esfahan. Christie was directed to remain there, and was killed in a Russian attack on the Persians in 1812. Pottinger, returning via Baghdad and Basrah, reached Bombay in February 1811. He reported the results of his journey, published as Travels in Beloochistan and Sinde (1816)" (Oxford DNB).
"His book, a geographical survey, has one very important historical observation. In Bam the author sees a pillar of skulls erected c. 1794 by aqa Mohammad Khan during the latter's attack and destruction of Kerman province and the massacre of most of its population" (Ghani p. 305). This work is of "high Interest" (Riddick 55); Hopkirk P. The Great Game (1990), p.536. In 1841 Pottinger was sent to China, negotiated the terms of the Treaty of Nanking (1842), which ended the First Opium War and ceded Hong Kong Island to the United Kingdom, and became the first Governor of the Island (Wikipedia).

Voyage commercial et politique aux Indes Orientales, aux iles Philippines, a la Chine, avec des notions sur la Cochinchine et le Tonquin, pendant les années 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806 et 1807, contenant des observations et des renseignements, tant sur les productions territoriales et industrielles que sur le commerce de ces pays; des tableaux d'importations et d'exportations du commerce d'Europe en Chine, depuis 1804 jusqu'en 1807; des remarques sur les moeurs, les coutumes, le gouvernement, les lois, les idiômes, les religions, etc.; un apperçu des moyens à employer pour affranchir ces contrée. [Voyage to the East Indies and the Philippines…]

Paris: Crapelet for Clament frères, 1810. First Edition. Octavo, 3 vols. With two engraved hand colored folding maps and four folding tables. Period brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with orange gilt labels and marbled boards housed in a matching slip case. A very good set.
Sainte-Croix was a French officer, responsible for the defence of the Philippines. Renouard de Sainte-Croix arrived in Pondicherry, India, in 1802 and was almost immediately imprisoned by the English. After he was liberated, he stayed for two more years in India and went amongst others to the coasts of Coromandel and Malabar. He then travelled to the Philippines where he visited Manila, and the gold mines of Mabulao. Cordier Indosinica, 2425; Howgego 1800-1850, D12; Lust 384.

54. RICHARDSON, Robert (1779-1847)
Travels along the Mediterranean, and parts adjacent; in Company with the Earl of Belmore, during the Years 1816-17-18: extending as far as the Second Cataract of the Nile, Jerusalem, Damascus, Balbec, &c. &c.

London: T. Cadell, 1822. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xiv; v; 536; 527 pp. With six lithographed plates, one hand colored, and two folding plans. Period blue and beige papered boards. Rebacked in style with printed paper labels, otherwise a near fine set.
"In 1816 he joined the party of Somerset Lowry Corry, second earl of Belmore, in a two-year tour through Europe, Egypt, and Palestine. While in Albania they had two interviews with Ali Pasha at Yanina. Having visited the pyramids and many places of interest on the Nile, as far as the second cataract, the party went on to Palestine, reaching Gaza in April 1818. Richardson claims to have been the first Christian traveller admitted to Solomon's mosque. At Tiberias the group were visited by Lady Hester Stanhope. Richardson's Travels were published in two volumes in 1822, with plans and engravings, to mixed reviews. Lady Blessington lent Byron the book, and he highly commended it, saying: ‘The author is just the sort of man I should like to have with me for Greece—clever, both as a man and a physician’ (Blessington, 330-31)" (Oxford DNB). "In 1816 [Richardson] joined the Earl of Belmore for a two-year tour through Europe, Egypt and Palestine" (Howgego 1800-1850, E4); "The work is mostly on Egypt" (Atabey II, 1041); "The Plates show paintings from Egyptian tombs" (Blackmer Sale 951); Weber II, 118.

55. RINK, H[enrik]
Eskimoiske Eventyr og Sagn oversatte efter de indfødte Fortælleres Opskrifter og Meddelelser [With Supplement] Indeholdende et Tillæg om Eskimoerne, deres Kulturhistorie og øvrige Eiendommeligheder samt formodede Herkomst. [Eskimo Fairy Tales and Legends with Appendix on the Eskimos, Their Culture and Their Presumed Descent].

Copenhagen: C. A. Reitzels, 1866-71. First Danish Edition. Large Octavo. vi, 376, 259 pp. With a chromo lithograph frontispiece and one other chromo lithograph, a photographic portrait plate, five wood engravings on plates, one lithographed map and numerous wood engravings in the text. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep, with marbled boards. Rebacked with original spine laid down, some mild wear of binding, some mild foxing on the back of plates, otherwise a very good copy.
First Danish edition, substantially expanded compared to the first edition published in Greenland.
Kaj Birket-Smith's (1893-1977) copy with his signature on the free front endpaper. Birket-Smith was a Danish philologist and anthropologist. He specialized in studying the habits and language of the Inuit and Eyak. Birket-Smith was a member of Knud Rasmussen's 1921 Thule expedition (Wikipedia).
"Contains 170 tales and legends, together with extracts from songs and legends, as told and sung by Eskimos in East, West and northwest Greenland and Labrador. Includes preface by the author, and introduction containing an account of the Eskimos, their history, tribes and distribution, etc." (Arctic Bibliography 14598); Lauridsen VIII, 312 & 322.

56. ROGERS, Captain Woodes (c.1679-1732)
A Cruising Voyage Round the World; First to the South Seas Thence to the East Indies and Homewards By the Cape of Good Hope Begun in 1708 and Finish'd in1711. Containing a journal of all the remarkable transactions; particularly, of the taking of Puna and Guiaquil, of the Acapulco ship, and of Other Prizes; an Account of Alexander Selkirk's Living Alone four Years and four Months in an Island; and a Brief Description of Several Countries in our Course Noted for Trade, Especially in the South-Sea. With Maps of all the Coast, from the best Spanish manuscript draughts. And an Introduction Relating to the South-Sea Trade.

London: A. Bell and B. Lintot, 1718. Second Corrected Edition. Octavo. xix, 428 + 57 + [7] pp. Five folding copper engraved maps. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled panelled full calf. Rebacked in style, and with some faded ink lines on bottom margin of first two leaves (not affecting text), otherwise a very good copy.

"Roger's account is considered a buccaneering classic. With William Dampier as pilot, Captain Woodes Rogers' privateering expedition set sail from Bristol. After sailing down the coast of Brazil and rounding Cape Horn, he made for the deserted island of Juan Fernandez, to seek shelter from a severe storm. There, Rogers rescued the celebrated Alexander Selkirk, a Scot who had been marooned several years before by Captain Stradling during Dampier's earlier voyage, and who has been immortalized as the prototype for Daniel Defoe's 'Robinson Crusoe.' An account of Selkirk's true adventures is given. The expedition then cruised the coast of Peru, taking various prizes, reached California, and crossed the Pacific to Asia. The high point of this circumnavigation was the capture of the Manila Galleon, in 1709, at Puerto Seguro"(Hill 1779).
"The rounding of the Horn, vividly described by Rogers, proved dangerous, the ships being driven by a violent storm far to the south. Because of the extreme cold they headed for Juan Fernandez, which they reached on 31 January 1709. On the morning of 2 February some of the crew were sent ashore, and as they approached a man ‘clothed in goatskins’ (Rogers, 91) was seen gesticulating wildly to them. This was Alexander Selkirk, a former crewman of Dampier's, who had been marooned there for more than four years. Selkirk's story was revealed to the world in Rogers's Cruising Voyage, and his adventures formed the basis of Daniel Defoe's romantic Robinson Crusoe, published in 1719" (Oxford DNB); Howes R421 (points out that Captain Edward Cooke also contributed to this account); Howgego R61: Sabin 72754.

57. SCHERER, Alexander Nicolaus (1772-1824)
Versuch Einer Systematischen Uebersicht der Heilquellen des Russischen Reichs. [Attempt of a Systematic Review of the Mineral Springs of the Russian Empire].

St. Petersburg: Kayserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1820. First Edition. Octavo. xviii, 338, [2] pp. With eleven folding hand colored maps including one large map of the Russian Empire. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards. Rebacked in period style using original boards. A near fine copy.
A rare work with only 15 copies found in Worldcat. First edition of this "for Russia meaningful work" (ADB), of the first systematic survey of spas in tsarist Russia. The eleven maps, which were most probably engraved after Julius Klaproth (1783-1835), show all spas of the Russian Empire, with special maps of lake Baikal, Caucasus, Urals, Siberia, Caspian region and others.
Alexander Nicolaus v. Scherer (in Russian Alexander Ivanovich) was a Russian chemist of German origin, member of Russian Science Academy since 1815. The author of the first original chemistry textbook, published in Russian ('Rukovodstvo k prepodavaniiu khimii', 1808). Founder and first director of Saint Petersburg Pharmaceutical Society (1818). He actively promoted the progressive 'oxygen' theory of Antoine Lavoisier and significantly contributed in the development of Russian chemistry nomenclature.
Scherer graduated from Jena University in 1794 and worked in Germany for several years. In 1803 he returned to Russia and worked as a professor in Dorpat University, later, as a professor of chemistry in Medical Surgery Academy, Mining Cadet Corps and other educational institutions in Saint Petersburg. He was also a member of Copenhagen and Erfurt Science Academies, scientific societies of Berlin, Gottingen, Erfurt, Brussels, Paris, Leipzig and others. Scherer reated numerous scientific works regarding chemistry, pharmacology and mineralogy. In 1819-22 he published in Saint Petersburg the first Russian chemist magazine "Allgemeine nordische Annalen der Chemie." Russian Brokhaus Encyclopaedia; Russian Biographic Dictionary/ed. Polovtsov; Catalogue of Russian National library.

58. SCOTT, Captain Richard Falcon (1868-1912)
Scott's Last Expedition in Two Volumes; Vol.1 Being the Journals of Captain R.F. Scott, R.N., C.V.O.; Vol.2 Being the Reports of the Journeys and the Scientific Work Undertaken by Dr. E.A. Wilson and the Surviving Members of the Expedition; Arranged by Leonard Huxley, with a Preface by Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B, F.R.S.

London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1913. Second Edition. 2 vols, Octavo. xxvi; xiv, [ii], 633; 534 pp., [2]. With two photogravure frontispieces, six other in photogravures, eighteen coloured plates, 260 full page and smaller illustrations from photographs, panoramas, and eight maps. Original publisher's blue gilt cloth, top edges gilt. A near fine set.
With a photo postcard ca. 1910 of Scott.
"Scott's journals were among the material retrieved when the tent was discovered in November 1912. Atkinson spent several hours looking through the journals trying to discover what happened and read portions to the party. Volume I contains the Fall 1911 Depot Journey, the winter including Scott's brief summary of the Winter Journey, and the Pole Trip. Scott mixes observation, meditation, philosophy and diary in his inimitable manner. He rationalizes his decisions, but they are not necessarily logical to the contemporary reader. Scott's feeling that a pure process was as important as the final accomplishment led to both his final demise and his continued stature... Volume II contains Cherry-Garrard's account... Campbell's account... Taylor's account... Teddy Evans' account... Atkinson's account... And scientific notes" (Conrad, p.188); Howgego 1850-1940 Polar Regions, S13; Headland 1770.

"On 3 January Scott made the fateful decision that five rather than four men should go forward to the pole, namely Scott himself, Captain L. E. G. Oates, Lieutenant H. R. Bowers, Wilson, and Petty Officer Edgar Evans. On 4 January the last supporting party was dismissed, and five days later Shackleton's farthest point south was passed, at lat. 88°25' S. On 16 January Bowers observed one of Amundsen's black marker flags, silent witness to the victory of the Norwegians. Finally, on 17 or 18 January, the vicinity of the pole itself was observed. ‘This is an awful place’, wrote Scott in his journal, ‘and terrible enough for us to have laboured to it without the reward of priority’ (ibid., 1.544). Following the discovery of Amundsen's tent, with its note for Scott stating that he had achieved his objective on 14 December 1911, the dejected Britons began their return journey ‘800 miles of solid dragging and good-bye to most of the day-dreams’..,
It is a measure of Scott's vitality and strength of will that even in extremis he could maintain his journal, write twelve perfectly composed letters to family, friends, and next of kin, and leave a ‘Message to the public’ outlining the causes of the disaster. Here he blames inability to achieve the safety of One Ton Depot on the appalling weather without reference to his inability to locate it at lat. 80°S as previously planned. Nor is there mention of his last minute addition of a fifth man to the pole party. Both these factors must have contributed to the absence of any margin of safety in matters of food and fuel. It is of course easy to be judgemental; what captured and still captures the imagination of the public are the often quoted words of the ‘Last Message’: Had we lived, I should have had a tale to tell of the hardihood, endurance and courage of my companions which would have stirred the heart of every Englishman. These rough notes and our dead bodies must tell the tale" (Oxford DNB); Rosove 290.A2; Spence 1058. "This is undoubtedly the most widely known of all Antarctic expeditions and publications" (Taurus 77).

59. SEMEDO, Alvaro (1586-1658)
Imperio de la China y cultura evangelica en él, por los Religiosos de la Compañia de Jesus, sacado de las noticias del P. Alvaro Semmedo... [Empire of China and the Christian culture of the Society of Jesus, taken from the accounts of P. Alvaro Semmedo].

Lisbon: Officina Herreriana, 1731. Second Spanish Edition. Small Folio. [xix], 252 pp. Period style dark brown gilt tooled full calf with a red gilt morocco label. A few leaves with minor repair to blank margins, otherwise a very good copy.
Rare work. Semedo was the Portuguese Procurado General for China. This is a general description of Chinese society which describes the foreign missions and the Manchu campaigns. The manuscript was written by Semedo in Goa in 1638 and contains the first description of tea in a European work on China.
"Semedo first arrived in China in 1613, and worked there for the next twenty-four years. During this time he was associated with Johann Adam Schall von Bell, whom he joined at Xian in 1628, and was responsible for the first European translation of the engraved pillar commemorating the arrival of the Nestorian Alopen. Sent back to Europe as procurator in Rome for the China mission, he called at Goa, where in 1638 he completed his Relacao da propagacao de fe no regno da China e outras adjacentes, a valuable account of the conditions in China at the end of the Ming dynasty. The Portuguese original of the work eventually reached the hands of the Portuguese historian, Manuel Faria y Sousa, who edited it into an historical form and had it translated into Spanish"(Howgego S81).
"This work gives a long account of China, its various provinces, inhabitants and their manners and customs, Government and Military Art, propagation of the Gospel, and more particularly an account of the labours of the Jesuits there" (Cox. I, p. 323); Cordier Sinica 23-24; "On 29 March 1608, [Semedo] left for Goa and the Far East aboard Na. Sra. Do Vencimento. He arrived to Macau in 1610, and to Nanjing in 1613. Along with another Jesuit, Alfonso Vagnoni, he was imprisoned during an anti-Christian campaign in Nanjing in 1616, and then sent back to Macau, where he stayed till 1621.
As the persecution campaign in the mainland China abated, Fr. Semedo changed his Chinese name from Xie Wulu to Zeng Dezhao and re-entered China, now working in Jiangsu and Jiangnan provinces. He spent most of his term in China in the central and southern provinces; perhaps his only trip north was the one he made to Xi'an in 1625, during which he was the first European to see the recently unearthed Nestorian Stele" (Wikipedia).

60. SNELGRAVE, Captain William
A New Account of Some Parts of Guinea and the Slave Trade, Containing: I. The history of the late conquest of the kingdom of Whidaw by the king of Dahome ... II. The manner how the negroes become slaves ... III. A relation of the author's being taken by pirates, and the many dangers he underwent.

London: James, John, & Paul Knapton, 1734. First Edition. Octavo. [xxiv], 288 pp. With a copper engraved folding frontispiece map. Handsome period style dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with marbled boards and red gilt morocco label. Some pages mildly browned and foxed, otherwise a very good copy.
"A slave trader's general yet vivid account of his experiences as captain of a number of ships sailing the England-Guinea-West Indies route" (Bell S359). "This is an interesting work by one of the old slave trader. The author gives a vivid picture of the capture of his vessel" (Cox I p.375); "William Snelgrave, Captain of the slaver Bird Gallery whose vessel was seized by the pirates, Captain Cocklyn and Captain Davis, off Sierra Leone on 1.4. 1719" (Howgego F58). "Snelgrave was a slave-trader who in 1719 succeeded in transporting 600 slaves from the Gulf of Guinea to the West Indies" (Christies); Kress 4197; Sabin 85380. This account largely based on voyages the author made in 1727 and 1730 to Whydah and Jakin, offers an important account of the kingdom of Dahomey (now Benin).

61. SPEKE, John Hanning (1827-1864)
Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile.

Edinburgh & London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1863. First Edition with the Ownership Inscription of William Speke (John Hanning's Father). Octavo. xxxi, 658 pp., [32]. With a steel engraved portrait frontispiece, one other steel engraved portrait, and over 70 wood engravings on plates and in text, one large folding color map in rear pocket, and one other map. 19th Century brown gilt tooled polished full calf with a gilt olive sheep label. Recased, otherwise a very good copy.
From the Speke Estate with the ownership inscription of William Speke (1798-1886), father of John Hanning Speke.
After traveling with Burton and discovering Africa's two greatest lakes, Tanganyika and Victoria, Speke made plans to return to Africa and explore his theory that Lake Victoria was the source of the Nile. This volume describes his expedition, this time partnered with James Augustus Grant, his former companion in Asia. Making their way inland from Zanzibar on the East coast, they traced a river out of Lake Victoria down into Uganda and the Sudan. Problems with local tribes and tribal warfare, however, caused Speke and Grant to leave the river a number of times, the key criticism levelled by critics such as Burton as to whether Speke had actually proved conclusively that Lake Victoria was the source of the Nile. Back in England, Speke and Burton were set to debate the issue when Speke was killed in a hunting accident, although rumours of suicide persisted. This volume describes one of the most famous and important expeditions in African exploration history.
"Although the RGS offered Burton the chance to return to east Africa, their first priority for an expedition was clearly to send Speke back to prove his Nile claims. They obtained £2500 from the government and raised a public subscription of £1200 to enable the Nile ivory trader John Petherick to meet Speke with supplies at Gondokoro on the upper Nile. J. A. Grant was invited to join Speke..,
The expedition left the coast in September 1860 with 176 men, including Bombay and Baraka, two former slaves who had learned Hindi and so could act as interpreters and negotiators for Speke.., By May 1863 the explorers, with eighteen remaining ‘faithfuls’ from the porters, had reached Cairo and let the world know that the Nile was 'settled’" (Oxford DNB). Howgego Continental Exploration 1850-1940 S54; Hess & Coger 417; Ibrahim-Hilmy II, p.255 (2nd Edition).

62. STEFFEN, Hans (1865-1937)
Viajes de Esploracion i Estudio en la Patagonia Occidental 1892-1902. [Travel, Exploration and Studies in Western Patagonia from 1892-1902].

Santiago: Cervantes, 1909-10. First Edition. Large Octavo 2 vols in one. xi; viii, 409; 549 pp. With seven folding maps and many illustrations on plates. Period olive gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. A very good copy.
Rare work as only seven copies found in Worldcat. "Hans Steffen Hoffman was a German geographer and explorer of the Aysén Region in western Patagonia.., Steffen Glacier on the Northern Patagonian Ice Field is named after him.., [He was] contracted to join the Chilean boundary commission to explore areas disputed by Argentina in what is now Aysén Region of Chile" (Wikipedia). The Darwin Channel and the Strait of Magellan were also explored in detail. "At the completion of Steffen's work in the Chilean archipelago, little remained to be discovered in the long-neglected region of South America" (Howgego 1850-1940 Continental Exploration, S64).

63. THUNBERG, Carl Peter (1743-1828)
Resa uti Europa, Africa, Asia, Forrattad Aren 1770-1779 [Travels in Europe, Africa, Asia in the Years 1770-1779].

Uppsala: J. Edman, 1788-93. First Edition. Octavo, 4 vols. [xxvi]; [xxxii]; [xxxvi]; [xiv], [390]; 384; 341; 414 pp. With ten copper engraved plates, some folding. Handsome period brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt morocco label.
"Carl Thunberg was a protégé of the great Swedish botanist Linnaeus, and was educated accordingly in natural history and botany. His extraordinary voyage to Japan via South Africa to collect Japanese garden plants was unprecedented; Thunberg became the first western scientist to investigate Japan botanically. He also made significant contributions to the natural history of the Cape Colony, Java, and Ceylon, and published in the present work the earliest substantial account of race relations in southern Africa" (Sothebys).
"His narrative affords considerable information respecting the natural history of the country, together with notes on the Hottentots, Kaffirs, and slaves, and general remarks on the state of the Cape at this period.., The greater part of the first volume, and about half of the second are devoted to an account of Thunberg's experiences in South Africa, his botanical notes being of special value" (Mendelssohn II, p.499-500). "He reached the Cape of Good Hope in April 1772 and remained in South Africa for three years, undertaking three major expeditions into the interior and collecting over 300 new species of plants.., [then] Thunberg sailed for Batavia in Java.., and from there continued to the Dutch trading post at Nagasaki harbour in Japan.., [in 1776] he passed overland to the northern tip of Kyushu, sailed to Kobe, the proceeded overland by way of Osaka, Kyoto and Nagoya to Yedo, the complete journey taking fifty days" (Howgego T38). "Volumes III-IV form the most detailed account of Japan published in the second half of the 18th century"(Christies). Cordier Japonica 445.

64. TRONSON, J[ohn] M.
Personal Narrative of a Voyage to Japan, Kamtschatka, Siberia, Tartary, and various parts of Coast of China; in H.M.S. Barracouta.

London: Smith, Elder, 1859. First Edition. Octavo. xiii, 414 pp., 24. With a tinted lithograph frontispiece, seven other lithographed plates, two text illustrations and five folding maps. Original publisher's brown patterned gilt blind stamped cloth. A very good copy.
"This is a narrative of experiences in the Orient and along the coasts of Russia, in the years 1854-56. It provides detailed descriptions of China and Japan and was written during and immediately after the opening of those two countries to Western Commerce" (Hill 1716); 'Officer on the "Barracouta" in waters near Japan just after Commodore Perry's journey describes brief visit to Petropavlovsk along with other shore trips" (Nerhood 257). Tronson was surgeon aboard the HMS Barracouta, a paddle sloop, of the Royal Navy. During the Crimean War she participated in the blockade of Petropavlovski. She also participated during the Second Opium War in 1856 before returning to England and being paid off in 1857. Wikipedia; China Illustrata Nova II, 1227; Cordier Japonica 543.

65. VINCENDON-DUMOULIN, MM. & Desgraz, C. (1811-1858)
Iles Marquises ou Nouka-Hiva. Histoire, géographie, moeurs et considérations générales d'après les relations des navigateurs et les documents recueillis sur les lieux. [The Marquesas Islands and Nuka Hiva. Their History, Geography, Customs and General Information Based on the Journals of Navigators…]

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1843. First Edition With a Signed Letter by the Author. Octavo. vii, 362, 38, [1] pp. With four engraved maps, two folding. Handsome period green gilt tooled quarter morocco with marbled boards. With some mild foxing, otherwise a very good copy.
With a signed two page letter by the author on Ministere de la Marine et des Colonies letterhead dated Paris 1st of March 1844 on colonial subjects to an unknown correspondent.
"Vincendon-Dumoulin was hydrographer aboard the Astrolabe under Dumont d'Urville during the voyage of 1837-40, and here collects historical, navigational, and other information relating to the Marquesas. Also contained herein is Du Petit-Thouars' report on the Marquesas, made on board the Reine-Blanche in June 1842. There is a lengthy chapter on the social life and customs of the inhabitants of the islands. Contemporary ethnological science is represented by the 'Notice phrenologique et ethnologique sur les naturels de l'archipel Nouka-Hiva', by Dumoutier" (Hill 1777); Bibliotheca Polynesiana 1327; Howgego 1800-1850, D35.

66. WALSH, Thomas
Journal of the late Campaign in Egypt: including descriptions of that Country, and of Gibraltar, Minorca, Malta, Marmorice, and Macri; with an Appendix; containing Official Papers and Documents.

London: T. Cadell et al, 1803. First Edition. Quarto. 261 pp. (plus 145 pp. of appendix). Large folding coloured map frontispiece, with subscriber list, and 48 other maps, plans, hand-colored aquatints, and engravings, many folding. Handsome period brown gilt tooled polished full calf. Recased using original spine, otherwise a very good copy.
"Captain Walsh was aide-de-camp to Major-General Sir Eyre Coote of the 93rd Regiment of Foot, sent to Egypt from Gibraltar in 1800" (Blackmer Sale 1078). "A member of the British forces battling French forces in Egypt, Walsh gives some interesting accounts of battles" (Kalfatovic 0207). "All he aims to give is a simple narrative of the events that occurred, from the 24th of October 1800, the day on which sailing orders arrived in Gibraltar, to the final conquest of Egypt... To discuss the propriety of measures, reason on the consequences of incidents, and bestow praise where so much well-earned praise is unquestionably due" (Preface). "Walsh was a member of the Anglo-Turkish military force which travelled overland through Asia Minor to Egypt" (Atabey 1317); Abbey Travel 266; Gay 2278; Ibrahim-Hilmy, p.318.

67. WHITTINGHAM, Capt. Bernard
Notes on the Late Expedition against the Russian Settlements in Eastern Siberia; and of a Visit to Japan and to the Shores of Tartary, and of the Sea of Okhotsk.

London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1856. First Edition. Octavo. xv, 300 pp. With a folding engraved frontispiece map. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with raised bands and marbled boards. Map with minor repair, otherwise a very good copy.
Early rare description of the first Pacific war – Pacific theatre of the Crimean War (1854-1856), which engaged Russia against Allied British-French naval forces. The book was written shortly after the notorious Siege of Petropavlovsk (August 28-September 7, 1854) when an Allied squadron of three six British and French warships attacked and bombarded the city and its harbor. Although outnumbering a light Russian garrison, the Allies were defeated and retreated.
This was the event which the author of the book, former head of the Royal Engineers in Hong Kong Bernard Whittingham, called "the disastrous repulse at Petropaulowski". In March-August, 1855 he participated in the Allies’ operation at the Russian Far East (Sakhalin, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Strait of Tartary and the estuary of the Amur River). 40-gun frigate HMS ‘Sybille’ under command of Commodore Charles Gilbert Elliot together with HMS ‘Spartan’, ‘Hornet’ and accompanying French warships had to find and destroy all Russian ships in the region as well as "to discover the progress of Russian aggrandizement in North-Eastern Asia, and to ascertain how far the reports of her successful encroachment on the sea frontiers of China and Japan were true" (from the Preface).
In whole the mission was unsuccessful. The Allies discovered Russian ships in the northern part of the Strait of Tartary, close to de Castries Bay, but not knowing that it was strait, not gulf, overlooked Russians who under cover of thick fog escaped to the estuary of Amur. The Allies also visited the Ayan settlement at the shore of the Sea of Okhotsk. A trading post of Russian-American company, it had been abandoned by its inhabitants before the Allies came. As the goal of the British fleet was to destroy all Russian ships they could find, they exploded the only ship they discovered – a small steam tug.
Whittingham gives an interesting description of Sakhalin and its inhabitants the Ainos, the shores of the sea of Okhotsk, Japanese port Hakodadi and local officials, trade, temples, manners and customs etc. Two Appendixes are dedicated to the defeat of Allied squadron at Petropavlovsk: the author analyses its cause and losses, and suggests the tactic of the future naval operations in the Gulf of Tartary, including recommendations about preferable types of ships and troops.
Grainger, J. First Pacific War Britain and Russia, 1854-1856; Cordier Japonica 523.

68. WRANGELL, F[erdinand Petr] de (1796 - 1870)
Le Nord de la Siberie. Voyage Parmi les Peuplades de la Russie Asiatique et dans la mer Glaciale Entrepris par Ordre du Gouvernement Russe. [Narrative of an Expedition to the Polar Sea, in the Years 1820, 1821, 1822, & 1823].

Paris: Librairie D'Amyot, 1843. First French Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxxv, 382; 393 pp. With two lithograph frontispieces and one large folding lithographed map Period dark brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards. Title pages with the stamp 5D, otherwise a very good set.
The French edition has two lithographed frontispieces not found in the English edition.
"Narrative of a Russian Government expedition under Vrangel to survey the coast eastward from Kolyma River, and to explore northward in East Siberian Sea for new land. With Vrangel went naval officers Kosmin and F.F. Matiushkin, and Dr. Kyber as naturalist. A companion expedition under P.F. Anjou investigated the coast from the Yana River eastward to the Kolyma. Vrangel's narrative contains a short history of former Russian voyages, explorations and discoveries in the Siberian Arctic. Account of the Journey of Vrangel's party from St. Petersburg overland via Yakutsk to Nizhne Kolymsk and establishment of headquarters there" (Arctic Bibliography 18994).
"In 1819, in recognition of his obvious abilities, Wrangel was given command of the Kolyma detachment of an expedition authorized by Alexander I to survey for the first time the far northeast coast of Siberia. After travelling overland through Siberia, Wrangel arrived in 1820 at Nizhnekolymsk, at the mouth of the Kolyma River, where in late December 1820 he was encountered by the English pedestrian traveller John Dundas Cochrane. From Nizhnekolymsk Wrangel made his way by land, in sledges drawn by dogs, as far as Cape Shelagskiy, which he double with considerable difficulty and saw beyond it the coast continuing evenly to the west.., [On his third and final] attempt to follow the coast to the East Cape, [he rounded] Cape Shelagskiy, he covered 1530 miles in seventy-eight days, thereby filling the last gap in the map of the Siberian coast and proving incontrovertibly that no land bridge existed between Asia and America. The Kolyuchinskaya Guba and Bear Islands were explored, as well as the basin of the Greater and Lesser Anyui rivers. The expedition returned to St. Petersburg in 1824" (Howgego 1800-1850, W45). "The expedition produced as its main result the most precise map to that date of the Novosibirskiye Ostrova and of the continental coast from Olenek to the Indigirka" (Holland P.190).

69. ZIMMERMANN, Henri[ch] (1741-1805)
Dernier Voyage du Capitaine Cook Autour du Monde, ou se Trouvent les Circonstances de sa Mort. [Last Voyage of Captain Cook Round the World, and the Circumstances of his Death].

Berne: Chez la Nouvelle Societe Typographique, 1783. Second French Edition. Octavo. xvi, 200 pp. Very handsome period red gilt tooled quarter straight-grained morocco with vellum tips and yellow paste paper boards. Original boards, rebacked in style, otherwise a fine uncut copy.
"With possible exception of John Rickman's Journal, earliest account of Cook's last voyage" (Howes Z14). And thus one of the first works to mention Hawaii. Also, one of the most interesting narratives of this voyage. "In 1776, after several unsuccessful attempts at various professions, Zimmermann, a native of Speyer, signed on as a common sailor on the Discovery. Sir Maurice Holmes, in his Cook Biography, writes of Zimmermann, "from the start of the voyage he determined to keep a shorthand journal and to retain it, despite the instructions . Demanding the surrender of all logs and journals.' the original account, printed in 1781, was suppressed in Germany at the request of the British Admiralty in accordance with the instructions given to the personnel of the ship that all journals were to be turned over to them for use in the official account of the expedition" (Hill p. 333).
"The second French-language edition, which closely follows that of the first edition (Berne, 1782) with the title and text reset. Zimmermann's narrative ends on page 117, followed on page 118 by a life of Cook, "Abregee de la vie du capitaine Cook," as in the first French (Berne ) edition, and an important series of "Notes" (Forbes 59). Zimmermann's work is one of the rarest of all accounts of Cook's third voyage and, with Rickman's narrative, the earliest published account of the third voyage, the death of Cook, and the discovery of Hawaii. The first edition came out in German at Mannheim in 1781. Beddie 1630; Lada-Mocarski 33; Sabin 106436.




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